To date, domestic cars have a serious problem with the rapid discharge of batteries. At the same time, their resource is rapidly ending, and new models on the market are expensive. The main reason for this is frequent change of operating modes. In this case, little depends on the driver's actions. In turn, the battery constantly requires a voltage of different sizes for its charge.
The installed regulator in the car is called to solve this problem. By default it is of the usual type with a fairly simple construction. In general, it is ineffective and copes badly with its task. This is due to the fact that, regardless of the operating conditions of the battery, it supplies a constant voltage to the device. However, it is not able to take into account the temperature of the environment, the speed of the car, and the amount of energy required. At the same time, the voltage regulator is capable of optimizing the entire process by a three-level voltage regulator.
regulators As mentioned earlier, regulators are able to conserve battery life. This gives the driver tremendous opportunities. First of all, all sorts of problems with heating up fall away. Even in frosty days, the engine will start much more easily. At the same time, problems with signaling may disappear, if they were. Many motorists, again in the winter, it does not function well.
Among other things, the power of lamps will increase. In this case, the near-and far-beam survey will improve significantly. Also, the three-level voltage regulator can affect the operation of the stove. According to motorists, it has the ability to work much better with a fully charged battery. You can also see an increase in the speed of switching windows. As a result, the driver is deprived of many problems.
What do I need to install?
First of all, you should familiarize yourself with the device's configuration. A standard set of controller includes instructions, the device itself and connecting wires with special brush holders, which are needed to fix the case.
Before installing the equipment, prepare the spanner and the cross-type screwdriver beforehand. You will also need a knife and a voltage tester. To securely clamp the terminals, it is necessary to use forceps, but conventional pliers also fit.
Connection of the
controller The connection of the voltage regulator begins with the disconnecting of the negative terminal. In doing so, it should be completely wrung from the battery. The second step removes the nut, which is located on the generator. Do this with a pre-prepared key. After that, the nut is placed in the drive side. In order to get to the casing, you need to remove the shoe, and it is fixed, as a rule, on three latches. To disconnect them, you need to tamper with them with something from the edge. Only after this it is possible to detach the plastic casing of the generator, where its screws are located. Before you unscrew it, you need to make sure that the plug is completely removed.
The next step is to remove the nut. In this case, the ends should be well processed using a file. In this case, it will ensure excellent contact of the diode bridge with the remote sleeve. The brush holder is installed directly into the regulator. The main thing here is to compact it a little to fix it. After this, the casing can be immediately installed on its original place. Next, carefully place the regulator wire. Do should, given the location of the main wiring of the car. In order that they do not hang out, you need to fix everything with the help of conventional plastic clips. The next step is to set the voltage regulator directly three-level. The contact with the mass must be dense.
In some cases, a shunt is used for this. In this situation it will allow to connect the case of the regulator and the generator more reliably. After connecting the device, you need to fasten the other wires from the kit. As a result, the controller should be checked immediately. At the same time, the car battery is loaded at full power, and you can do this by turning on the stove, lights and radio tape recorder right away.
Diagram of standard controller
The conventional voltage regulator circuit provides different levels of diodes. At the same time, the barriers for them can vary significantly. This is primarily due to a sudden change in voltage in the system. Also consider the amperage. Among other things, the regulators have radiators.
Their main task is to cool the diodes. Directly the position of the device is controlled by means of a toggle switch. Another scheme of the voltage regulator has a rod of the electric drive, which closes the circuit.
It's quite difficult to make a three-level voltage regulator with your own hands for an ordinary person. You should know the basics of electronics. The main element of the device are diodes. At the same time to find a three-stage toggle switch for them is very problematic. In addition, install radiators for cooling. Otherwise, the diodes can not withstand the ultimate voltage and burn out.
Connect components together using wires. They should be quite long, because the cable should be passed through the cover directly to the regulator. The last thing you need to take care of the body of plastic. In this case, the wiring in it should be well fixed. As a result, switching the toggle switch should be free.
Reviews about the regulator "Energomash" on VAZ-2104
This three-level voltage regulator reviews are good. Many owners appreciated this model for its compactness, as well as ease of installation. The length of this device is 67 mm, width 41 mm, and thickness only 23 mm. At the same time the device weighs exactly 80 g.
Switch the regulator in case of need it is possible simply. As a result, the efficiency of the car battery significantly increases. The nominal current is given by the model at a level of 5 A and suitable for generators of types 26.37 and 37.37.At a minimum level, Energomash on the VAZ-2104 is capable of reaching up to 13 V. It is possible to set the toggle switch to a maximum of 14 V.
Opinion about the regulators Energomash for VAZ-2110
The three-level voltage regulator( VAZ-2110) is well suited fordrivers who use the car in difficult conditions. In this case, there is the possibility of a long time to move on the ascent uphill. Also increases the efficiency in the hot season. As a result, starting a car becomes much easier. In this case, the battery remains fully charged for a very long time.
The minimum regulator "Energomash" for VAZ-2110 is able to give out voltage at the level of 13.6 V. In turn, the maximum is maintained at 14.7 V. As with the previous model, this regulator is quite compact. Rated current, it can withstand 5 A, and this device costs about 345 rubles.
Reviews of the "Energomash" model on the "Volga" and "Gazelle"
This three-level voltage regulator can be very useful. In doing so, you should closely monitor the temperature of the environment and do not forget to switch the toggle switch. For greater frosts, the third mode is best suited. In this case, only one diode "2C" is used. At this time in hot days it is necessary to put the toggle switch in the middle position.
Thus, the system uses two diodes at once. At the same time, the rated current level is able to rise to 6 A. As experts say, in some cases there may be problems with the radiator. To solve this problem, it is best to conduct periodic inspections. For this purpose, the fixation of the device with the generator should be checked. If necessary, the clamps can always be changed or use a shunt if it is not installed.
Features of the regulator "Energomash" for VAZ 2107
Total voltage regulator three-level VAZ-2107 has three diode series "25C".The rated current they are able to maintain at 6 A. Also note that they have a high voltage barrier. Radiators in this model are available. Fixers in the regulator "Energomash" for VAZ-2107 are installed like "crocodiles", and the isolation of the wires is pretty good. In this case, the body is capable of withstanding heavy loads, and the vibration of the generator is not frightening for him. The width of the bar is large, so it is difficult to break it.
A red colored wire is provided for the output to the battery terminal. With the warm-up of the engine the device withstands the voltage at 13 V. In turn, at idle the system produces 14 V. As a result, you can significantly increase the range of headlights. Also it will be displayed at work of the fog-light and the furnace in the cabin. The "Energomash" model for VAZ-2107 will cost the buyer on the market at about 340 rubles.