Cold is a disease that is caused by viruses and is provoked by hypothermia, so we usually catch cold during the cold season: late autumn, winter, early spring.
Cold during pregnancy is a frequent occurrence of , since even in absolutely healthy women immunity decreases during pregnancy, so protection against various viruses also decreases. Immunosuppression( reduction of immunity) during pregnancy is quite normal, physiological norm. The decrease in immunity during this period is fully justified: nature thus cares to reduce the risk of an immune conflict between the mother and the fetus.
In addition to the weakened immunity to the occurrence of colds, other factors can also lead - contact with infectious patients, wet and cold weather, allergic diseases, stress, smoking( not only active, but also passive).
Usually future mothers catch cold during the early stages of pregnancy. But it is during this period that the vital and important systems and organs of the baby are laid, are formed, and,
It seems to be such a simple, habitual disease that many of us just do not pay attention to, but during pregnancy colds can lead to serious complications :
- fetal hypoxia;
- intrauterine infection of the fetus and even its death;
- malformations of the fetus;
- chronic infections;
- increased blood loss during labor;
- premature discharge of amniotic fluid( amniotic fluid);
- fetoplacental insufficiency;
- inflammatory diseases of internal genital organs.
Treatment of colds during pregnancy is complicated by , since many of the medications that are customary for us during this period are simply contraindicated. Therefore, it is better to take care of the prevention of this disease, since it is much easier to be saved from it than to be cured.
So, you need to reduce the risk of hypothermia to a minimum, especially the lower extremities.
Add to your diet natural vitamin teas, but do not abuse them - hypervitaminosis is unlikely to be better for you than a cold. The same can be said about multivitamin complexes for pregnant women - consult a doctor if possible.
You can use aromatic oils as a preventive agent. An excellent option will be tea tree oil, fir, eucalyptus, mint, rosemary, lavender. But do not forget about the possibility of developing allergic reactions. It is possible to spread out the whole apartment cut onions and garlic.
With good weather, do not be lazy to go for walks - clean air can be an excellent preventive against colds. But to ventilate the room is necessary in any weather. If there is such a possibility, you need to do a daily wet cleaning.
If you can not avoid a cold, you need to see a doctor. Anti-cold therapy for pregnancy is contraindicated - independent treatment of the common cold you can lead to serious consequences.
If you immediately contact a doctor for some reason you can not, you need to start independent treatment, but very carefully, carefully weighing each step.
You should start with an abundant drink of , which should be warm, but in no case hot. It can be teas, juices, water, milk with butter and honey( if there is no allergy), fruit drinks, vegetable decoctions( rose hips, lime blossom, chamomile).But remember that too much fluid can lead to edema, especially in late pregnancy, so you need to control the amount of fluid.
It should also be remembered that during pregnancy, you are contraindicated immunomodulators, antibiotics, tinctures on alcohol, drugs that increase the pulse and pressure. It is not recommended to take vitamin C. separately. With caution, you can use Paracetamol( for headache and for lowering the temperature), Tharyngept( if pershit in the throat), Furacilin( rinse throat).
Traditional medicine can also help, but remember that some components may have an allergy, so you need to be very careful.
Good during colds helps horseradish: on a small grater you need to rub the horseradish root, mix with sugar in a 1: 1 ratio, and leave to infuse for 12 hours in a warm place, then strain. Take the infusion you need every hour for one tablespoon in the acute period of the common cold. Such infusion is distinguished by the absence of similar effects, and is a wonderful natural immunostimulant.
A great opportunity to relieve the symptoms of colds - inhalation with the use of chamomile, sage, St. John's wort. These herbs soften the inflamed nasopharynx. Inhalation of garlic and onion vapors will help you get rid of the common cold.
It is worth mentioning about inhalations separately, because this method is safe during pregnancy and it helps. Specialists recommend breathing a couple of baking soda. You can boil potatoes in a uniform, add to it a tablespoon of sage or chamomile, birch leaves, oak, eucalyptus, black currant. You can try inhalation with camomile oil, thyme, dog rose. You just need to heat the water and add a few drops of the selected oil. After covering your head with a towel, you need to breathe a few minutes of the solution. However, we should not forget that the individual intolerance to aromatic oils is a frequent phenomenon, so you need to listen very carefully to your sensations. Optimal before inhalation consult your doctor.
Also remember that during pregnancy contraindicated thermal procedures .However, if all the methods you have tried do not yield any results, if the condition worsens, you can put dry mustard plasters and put woolen socks on your feet. But you should not soar your feet - if you are very cold, and you need to warm up your legs, and mustard plasters will be the best option. Under the tap, under hot water, future moms can warm their hands - this will help reduce the pain in the throat, runny nose. Do not cause harm and dry heat. If you understand that you start getting cold, just put on warm woolen socks, wrap your neck with a scarf, put on a warm pajamas and go to bed - in the morning, for sure, your cold will not remain.
Well, finally, revise your menu - your diet should include light meals that include all the substances and microelements you need. For the time of illness, try to refuse heavy meat food, from thick boiled broths, from confectionery products, and from sharp and smoked dishes.
If all the above-mentioned cold treatment medications during pregnancy have not helped you, be sure to visit a doctor and report it. If your condition worsens rapidly, then you can not go to the doctor, and immediately call an ambulance, so you can avoid the negative effects of colds for yourself and your baby.