Future mothers in the period of bearing a baby are often faced with various health problems. During pregnancy, the female body is exposed to enormous loads, and against the background of a decrease in immunity the risk of various diseases increases at times.
One of the most common diseases during pregnancy is the cystitis .Statistics say that every tenth future mother during pregnancy hears from the mouth of a doctor a diagnosis: cystitis. From a medical point of view, the increased risk of cystitis during pregnancy is explained by the peculiarities of the structure of the body of a woman, as well as by physiological and hormonal failures in the body during pregnancy. However, with timely detection of the problem and competent treatment, cystitis will not bring future mother any special problems. It remains to work for a small - in time to notice the disease and go to a qualified doctor.
What is cystitis? Than this disease is dangerous during pregnancy? How should I treat? These and some othe
So, cystitis is an inflammation of the walls of the bladder.
The main cause of cystitis in pregnant women is the mechanical factors ( compression of the urethra), as well as hemodynamic( due to the compression of blood vessels, the blood supply to the pelvic organs worsens).Both these and other factors can lead to some difficulties in the emptying of the bladder, respectively, to the appearance of residual urine, which is the nutrient medium for a variety of infections. The structure of the urethra of women has certain features: the last drops of urine after urination are as if sucked into the urethra back, and can provoke cystitis.
Cystitis is the most common urological disease of non-infectious and infectious origin.
If we are talking about an infectious cystitis, then the conditional pathogenic microflora can be provoked by the disease - E. coli, streptococci, staphylococcus and so on. In addition, the causative agents of cystitis are also considered vaginal trichomonads, ureaplasmas, mycoplasmas, chlamydia.
Non-infectious cystitis can be triggered by hypothermia, overfatigue, intestinal dysbiosis, weakened immunity and vaginal dysbiosis, irritation of the mucous membrane of the bladder from chemicals that are released through its wall( eg, with uncontrolled excessive intake of medications), damage to the mucous membrane intime of medical manipulation and so on.
The most common cystitis is observed in the early stages of pregnancy - so often that this disease can be called to some extent even natural. Often today, there are situations when a woman turns to a doctor for exacerbated cystitis, and accidentally finds out about her pregnancy. Therefore, many specialists attribute cystitis to one of the conditional signs of pregnancy in the early stages.
Very often, cystitis occurs in expectant mothers on the background of immunosuppression( natural suppression of immunity of a future mother, necessary to prevent immunological rejection of the embryo), against the background of changes in the hormonal background. Because of the weakened protection of immunity, infections can actively multiply. Getting into the bladder, such infections cause inflammation.
Do not forget that from the very first days of pregnancy, women begin to activate long-standing ailments and sores. That's why, if you have chronic history of chronic cystitis, you can talk about a high risk of recurrence of this disease in the early stages of pregnancy.
Conditionally distinguish two forms of cystitis - chronic and acute. Cystitis is a disease that often recurs, so it is very important to treat it in time to avoid its transition to a chronic condition.
If you feel pain in the lower abdomen( it can be pulling pains in the lower abdomen and a minor soreness at the end of the act of urination, it can be both debilitating sharp pain and inability to retain urine), if you are worried about painful urination, if your body temperature rises,if you started to notice blood in the urine, if from time to time you have a feeling that the bladder is not completely emptied, then it is most likely a question of the acute form of cystitis.
When it comes to exacerbation of chronic cystitis, the symptoms may depend on the causes of the disease, but usually they are less pronounced compared to the symptoms of acute cystitis.
Often, the symptoms of cystitis are similar to the symptoms of some other diseases of , so it is impossible to make an independent statement of the diagnosis - it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor who can correctly diagnose, prescribe a sparing, but the most effective treatment.
To establish an accurate diagnosis, to select the most correct treatment a specialist will ask you to undergo certain studies.
After the diagnosis of cystitis is confirmed, after the cause of the disease is established, the gynecologist and urologist will prescribe the treatment.
Treatment of cystitis during pregnancy is complicated by the fact that many medicines are contraindicated for the future mother. However, modern medicine offers many ways to get rid of cystitis without harm to the health of the patient and her baby.
So, today there are antibiotics and various preparations on a plant basis, which can boast of the absence of side effects. Often, experts resort to instillation of the bladder: drugs are injected directly into the bladder. As a rule, several such procedures are performed in the treatment, which allows eliminating the symptoms of cystitis, restoring the wall of the bladder, preventing possible relapses during pregnancy - usually more than enough, but after giving birth the woman must undergo full treatment.
Do not forget that each organism is individual, accordingly, treatment should also be individual - it is necessary to take into account a huge number of factors, from the causes that caused the disease, and ending with the characteristics of the female body.
You should not engage in self-medication, especially during pregnancy. This period is not the best time for experiments with folk remedies, since some procedures, herbs, preparations( in particular, sulfonamides, tetracycline antibiotics) can be very dangerous for the health of mother and child, and the consequences are irreparable. If you do not trust your doctor in treating cystitis, it is better to look for a more competent specialist, but in no case should you follow the advice of your grandmothers, neighbors, girlfriends and so on.
Remember also that ignoring the disease, as well as self-medication, can lead to serious negative consequences, up to the occurrence of pyelonephritis( kidney infection), premature labor, before the birth of a baby with a low weight.
Finally, another important point is that any disease is much easier to prevent than to treat it later. Therefore, during pregnancy, you need to pay close attention to your health. Following certain rules will allow you to reduce the risk of cystitis to a minimum.
First, at the first signs of deterioration of health, you should immediately consult a doctor. And it is not so important what kind of diagnosis the doctor puts( cystitis or any other disease), it is important that the disease is "caught" at the very beginning, which means that the treatment will be minimal.
Also during pregnancy it is necessary to avoid hypothermia, it is necessary to empty your bladder regularly( it is strictly contraindicated during pregnancy), carefully observe the hygiene rules. It is also recommended that you drink enough fluids( in the event that you do not have contraindications).In the absence of contraindications should also be engaged in physical education. As you can see, the rules are not too complicated, but following these rules will allow you to significantly reduce the risk of developing cystitis.