Almost every future mother in the period of carrying her baby faces such an unpleasant phenomenon as swelling. During pregnancy, the hands, feet, face may swell. But despite the fact that swelling during pregnancy is a fairly common phenomenon, doctors closely follow the analysis of expectant mothers, paying special attention to swelling. Why? In this article we will try to answer this question.
So, to begin with it is necessary to be defined or determined with that represent edemas. Puffiness is a condition in which a lot of extra liquid is collected in the tissues of the body. Visually it looks like swelling, which mostly appears on the legs and face, but often future moms note puffiness of the hands, waist, abdomen.
Why does edema develop? There are two main reasons. Firstly, during pregnancy, the needs of the organism of the expectant mother in the liquid essentially increase - and the more about the longer term of pregnancy, the more a woman needs water. By the way, most of the weight ga
Facial swelling during pregnancy
The most noticeable swelling on the face of the future mother - the face becomes more rounded, the eyelids become swollen, due to which the eyes visually become smaller. It is very important to keep track of this moment, as the puffiness of the face is the first of the signs of renal edema that require treatment. This we will discuss below. However, the swelling of the nose can have a different nature. During pregnancy, women often face problems with nasal breathing. As a rule, we are talking about a very common phenomenon - a common cold of pregnant women, caused by hormonal changes in the body. The mucous nasal swells, because of what the nasal breathing becomes difficult, there is dryness and itching in the nose. Comfort such a state can not be called even with a stretch.
And rhinitis during pregnancy can manifest at different times of the day( for example, only at night, in the evenings or during the day), at various times of pregnancy. Sometimes rhinitis accompanies the expectant mother during the entire pregnancy. As a rule, after the birth the runny nose disappears by itself. However, during pregnancy, the runny nose needs to be treated: despite the fact that for future mothers rhinitis is not dangerous, it can present some danger to the fetus, since it can lead to insufficient intake of oxygen to the fetus.
Also swelling of the nose during pregnancy can be a consequence of allergic reactions. It is necessary to carefully analyze your recent actions, and it is likely that you will be able to find a source-allergen - it can be plant bloom, a new washing powder, abundant use of a product.
Sometimes puffiness of the nose and lips is one of the earliest signs of pregnancy, manifested already in the first weeks after conception. However, the woman has to face the swelling of the nose much more often in the last month. In other words, everything is individual, it is possible that you will not have to deal with this not very pleasant phenomenon during pregnancy.
Swelling of the hands and fingers during pregnancy
Swelling of the fingers and hands during pregnancy is a very common phenomenon. Usually, future mothers feel tingling in the fingers, numbness in the hands, burning of the wrists. Most expectant mothers can not wear rings at this time. In addition, when you press your finger on the skin of the hand there is a small dent.
The risk group includes women who work a lot with the computer( mouse, keyboard), as well as those who are engaged in monotonous manual work - modeling, knitting, embroidering. In this case, it is appropriate to talk about the so-called tunnel syndrome: a fluid that accumulates in the wrists, exerts pressure on the nerve that passes here, causing unpleasant and even painful sensations.
Special exercises for the hands will help you to cope with the problem. It is also worth reviewing the routine of your day, paying particular attention to rest.
If the swelling of the hands, fingers is combined with swelling of the back, lower abdomen, sacrum, it is necessary in order to inform your doctor about it.
Foot swelling during pregnancy
Very often during pregnancy swollen feet - they are so swollen that putting on the shoes that you were wearing before pregnancy becomes very difficult, especially if before that you went a lot. One of the first signs of puffiness of the legs is the trace from the elastic of socks on the ankle.
Usually puffiness of the legs is observed in the last weeks of pregnancy, is considered one of the norm options, and is safe for the future mother. To varying degrees, legs swell almost in every pregnancy. But there is another side to the medal: swelling of the legs can be a sign of late toxicosis, which is a serious enough problem - a danger for both the woman herself and her child. Therefore, puffiness of the feet should be reported immediately to your doctor who will assess your condition, advise how to get rid of swelling at home, especially since it is not so difficult to do it.
Swelling during pregnancy: folk remedies
As a rule, when eliminating the cause of swelling, edema disappears within a few days.
You can cope with the problem if you minimize the consumption of table salt, exclude sun exposure, reconsider your daily routine, ensuring a normal rest.
And here's the opinion that you need to try to drink less to eliminate swelling - it's a mistake. Fluid is necessary for normal development of pregnancy. In addition, if you decide to drastically reduce the amount of liquid, your "frightened" body will accumulate water for future use, which will lead to even more disastrous consequences. Therefore, do not limit the amount of liquid - you should still drink at least one and a half liters of liquid per day, not counting soups and fruits. It is preferable to drink pure water, cranberry and cranberry mors.
And here it is necessary to exclude provoking edema factors. Minimize the amount of salty foods: try to abandon pickled cucumbers, sauerkraut, herring, olives, salted nuts, black bread. It is also worth noting carbonated drinks, spices, foods that contain sodium in large quantities( nuts, seeds, tomatoes).It is necessary to refuse and from smoked, fried products.
Traditional medicine can also help. An excellent means for fighting swelling can be diuretic herbs( a leaf of cowberry or bearberry, bear ears, cherry stems, field horsetail, berries of hawthorn, kidney fees).Take no more than one glass of infusion or broth per day, the course of admission should not be more than one month. But resorting to the treatment of edema with the help of diuretics is not recommended. And remember that any of your actions( including the treatment of edema folk remedies) need to be coordinated with the doctor.
The cool foot baths are an excellent remedy for swelling of the legs: the water should not be warm, but the ice water does not fit. You should hold your feet in a prepared bath for about 10-15 minutes, after which you need to lie down on your left side, raise your legs to a level above the level of the heart and rest a little.
All of the above applies to physiological edemas that are not dangerous, and about 75-80% of expectant mothers face pregnancy during pregnancy. However, puffiness is far from always an innocuous phenomenon. A future mother may encounter such a phenomenon as gestosis( swelling is one of the most obvious signs of gestosis).If in this case you do not pay attention to swelling, do not take certain measures, you may face serious problems.
Puffiness with gestosis
Puffiness in pregnancy is one of the most striking symptoms of late toxicosis, gestosis. Most often, edema appears at the end of pregnancy, in the third trimester. If you do not pay attention to them in time, you can bring the situation to a critical one.
Conditionally distinguish four degrees of gestosis:
- I degree, dropsy of pregnant women. In addition to puffiness, future mothers also complain of fatigue, weakness, increased weight gain;
- II degree, nephropathy of pregnant women. In addition to swelling, the condition is also characterized by the presence of protein in the urine or increased blood pressure. In the event that simultaneously three symptoms are simultaneously noted, the condition can already be considered as threatening to the future mother;
- III degree, pre-eclampsia. To the signs peculiar to a nephropathy, also changes of a brain and an eyeground are added;
- IV degree, eclampsia. At this stage, cramps can occur - a condition that is extremely dangerous for both the woman and the baby.
In addition to edema, characteristic for gestosis, during pregnancy, there may also be a question of renal and cardiac edema, which are often manifested before the third semester.
If a woman has heart problems, the risk of developing cardiac edema rises. As a rule, such swelling is located below: below the waist. During the examination, an enlarged liver can be detected. Before the onset of swelling, the expectant mother may complain of shortness of breath, an increased heartbeat, blue lips may appear.
With regard to renal edema, they begin with a face - first appear under the eyes of bags, then swell legs, hands. The most common cause is a woman's kidney disease before pregnancy or a disease that has arisen during pregnancy and that needs to be treated.
When swelling is a threat to
If it is a question of physiological edema, disappearing after the elimination of the cause, their causing, then there is no reason to experience. However, if you wake up swelling in the morning, if swelling of the hands, thighs, lower leg, abdomen, lower back is observed in addition to edema of the legs, then it is absolutely necessary to consult a doctor. To address to the expert costs and in the event that there is a prompt increase in weight.
Physiological edema, as well as the first stage of gestosis, does not pose a particular danger, however, it is still necessary to eliminate the cause. But if it is a question of the second-fourth degrees of gestosis, then the problem should be solved as quickly as possible. Even if the expectant mother feels satisfactory on the background of puffiness, ignoring the swelling threatens to break the bonds of the "placenta-mother" system. First of all, we can talk about oxygen starvation of the fetus and all the ensuing consequences. If it is a question of serious complications, it is likely that such an option as the termination of pregnancy.
Treatment of edema during pregnancy
As a rule, in order to reduce puffiness( if it is a question of physiological edema, dropsy of pregnant women), it is quite enough to normalize the rest and sleep regime, and competently to make a diet, adhere to a special diet. The attending physician will definitely check the weight gain, and also advise you to observe the amount of fluid consumed, the liquid secreted by the body.
To a greater extent, the treatment will depend on the results of the analysis. In the event that protein is present in the urine, especially if it combines with shortness of breath and high blood pressure, then most likely you will be sent to inpatient treatment - the hospital will eliminate the causes of edema formation, improve the heart, kidneys,utero-placental blood flow. As a rule, prescribe and vitamin preparations - vitamin E, magnesium, lipoic acid.
Drug treatment will be performed only if the puffiness is accompanied by a violation of the kidney, heart, liver, since diuretics during pregnancy because of the great clean side effects and contraindications are used only in the most extreme cases.
But remember that the treatment of edema should be prescribed only by the attending physician, and only after he carefully assesses, he will analyze your condition.