The growth and development of the baby in the womb depends heavily on the amniotic fluid or, as it is also called, amniotic fluid. It is the amniotic fluid that ensures the metabolism between the pregnant woman and her child, it is the amniotic fluid that protects the crumb from mechanical action, protects the placenta and the umbilical cord, and facilitates the opening of the uterine neck during delivery.
With increasing pregnancy, the amount of amniotic fluid, respectively, also increases. By the 38th week of pregnancy, the volume of the amniotic fluid is already 1500 ml, after which, closer to childbirth, the amount of water is reduced to 600 ml. All of the above data refer to a normal pregnancy. However, unfortunately, not always the volume of amniotic fluid is sufficient - sometimes there is a lack of them, which is called low water. There may also be an excess of amniotic fluid, then it is a question of polyhydramnios( but about this in another article).
So, the lack of hydration. Doctors distinguish two types of lack of hydration: moderate and pronounced .Determine the degree can be by ultrasound, or by calculating the index of the amniotic fluid. Timely detection of the problem will eliminate it without much damage to the health of the mother and child, which is why it is necessary to visit your gynecologist systematically, to take all the prescribed tests and strictly follow the prescriptions and recommendations of your doctor.
So, if you have one or more of the symptoms of , indicated below, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible:
- pain while stirring baby;
- aching pain in the lower abdomen;
- mismatch of the size of the uterus to your pregnancy;
- dry mouth;
- nausea and weakness.
Faced with such a problem as water scarcity, can almost any pregnant woman - it does not depend on the age of the future mother, nor on the number of births. Almost half of the cases of low blood pressure is one of the symptoms of the threat of termination of pregnancy.
Malnutrition can be caused by metabolic disorders , diseases of the organs of the urinary system, genital organs, hypertension and so on. Often, low blood pressure is observed against a background of a worsening chronic or viral disease, against a background of late toxicosis. Very often there is malnutrition in women who abuse smoking, alcohol, drugs. But, perhaps, the most common reason for lack of water is the child's repetition.
Actually, low blood pressure is quite a serious problem, since in this case the fetus is not adequately protected from various external mechanical influences - the risk of fetal compression by internal organs is significantly increased, and this can lead to different disorders, in particular, to clubfoot development, spinal curvatureand so on. In addition, the child will not be able to freely tumble, swim, all of his movements turn out to be constrained - such physical inactivity will not be reflected in his physical development. And, finally, a certain negative impact on the development of the baby will also have a deficit of nutrients contained in the amniotic fluid.
Deficiency of amniotic fluid can cause the child to lag behind in growth and development, there may be oxygen starvation, the brain can suffer, the skin can dry up, hypotrophy may develop.
About half of pregnancies accompanied by anhydrous disease end before the term - it can be abortion or early childbirth. If the pregnancy is complete, in case of malnutrition, in 80% of cases it is possible to observe weak labor activity.
The most dangerous is the lack of water in the second trimester of pregnancy: in the first three months, the small amount of amniotic fluid per child has virtually no effect, and in the third trimester it is possible to do a cesarean section.
Treatment of water scarcity is possible only after eliminating the cause that caused it .Therefore, doctors will look for a disease that provoked hypochlorism, and, consequently, treat it. Simultaneously, the future mother will be prescribed drugs to improve metabolism in the placenta, improve placental blood circulation, supply oxygen to the fetus. Regularly there will be ultrasound, vascular diplopography, cardiomonitoring.
And finally I want to put in this "barrel of tar" a "spoonful of honey": the lack of water in pregnant women develops not too often. In addition, the easiest form of it is common - moderate water scarcity, which does not pose a particular threat to either the mother or the baby, and with timely diagnosis is treated quickly and easily.
Actually, modern doctors do not consider malnutrition a disease - rather, it is a symptom that draws the attention of specialists to the fact that the future mother needs the closest attention: it is necessary to find a disease that provoked a decrease in the volume of water and eliminate it.