Freesia - a bulbous plant, belongs to the family of iris or tangent. Its height is about 60 cm. The leaves are long, narrow. Flowers are funnel-shaped, of various colors, in diameter up to 6 cm. On the peduncle there are up to 10 flowers. Well stands in the cut, keeping decorativeness and delicate aroma. Freesia can be grown in the garden, on the balcony and in the room. It will look everywhere harmoniously and decorate any corner. Freesia at home can blossom at any time, this will depend on when the bulb was planted. Typically, flowering occurs 5 months after planting( sometimes a little earlier).
Treatment of bulbs and preparation of soil
Before planting the bulbs must be cleaned from dry flakes. Treat them with a solution of "Fundazol" or hold in "Phytosporin" for the prevention of fungal and bacterial diseases. The substrate needs nutritious, breathable, you can buy ready-made soil for bulbous. As a drain it is not bad to use charcoal with clay shards.
Bulbs should be planted at a depth of 5-6 cm. In a pot with a diameter of 12 cm, it is optimal to place 6 pieces. When germination conditions are suitable( ie air temperature at 20 ° C and soil temperature of the order of 17 ° C), sprouts will germinate in two weeks.
Freesia at home should be kept cool, and when buds appear in a warmer room. If the temperature regime is not respected, then the flowers may be deformed. Growing plants require food, they need to be fed 2 times a month with complex fertilizer. Water should be regularly, but in moderation. It is desirable to tie the stems to the support, otherwise they can break down under the weight of the flowers. Flowering lasts about a month. If there is a desire or need to cut off the peduncles, then it is wiser to do this when the lower two flowers are opened.
After flowering, watering is reduced. Fertilizers do not reduce, but instead of complex use of phosphorus fertilizers. When yellowing the leaves, the bulbs should be excavated, washed, processed, dried for a week and stored. Freesia at home can not be scooped up. In this case, watering should be reduced to a minimum, and with the appearance of new shoots, after about 2 months, resume nursing.
Bulbs are optimally stored in a suspended state in a room with a high humidity and a temperature of 25-30 ° C.A month before planting, they must be moved to a cool place( 10-15 0C).
Growing from seeds
The freesia room can be grown from seeds. Sowing is best done in March. Seeds soak in a growth stimulant and put in a warm place for a day. In the prepared container with the soil, decompose the seeds, just pressing them. Cover the container with a film and place it on a light window sill. Daily aerate and turn over the film. If necessary, sprinkle the soil with warm water. Freesia at home rises in 10-12 days. As soon as the shoots appear, you need to increase the ventilation time, and after a couple of weeks completely remove the film. When the shoots grow, they must be planted, leaving a distance of at least 5 cm between the plants. Immediately put the support( it is convenient to use 40-cm skewers) and tie the stems to it. There is no need to shade. But spray regularly, also it is necessary to ventilate the room. Feeding 2 times a month. In 7-8 months freesia will blossom. Growing the house of these exquisite flowers with the smell of a lily of the valley is very exciting, and how much joy you will get from contemplating the created beauty!