Ticks are dangerous parasites that carry a variety of infectious diseases that can infect not only animals but also humans. These parasites are small, they are not easy to detect on the animal's body. Some types of ticks, sucking to a pet, can for a long time not give any signs, which is fraught with various diseases. Demodekoz or subcutaneous tick in cats is a disease caused by endoparasitic mite Demodex. It is characterized by alopecia, baldness, dermatitis, papular eruptions and a marked decrease in immunity in the animal. Infection can occur in different animals, but each type of causative agent will be different from other mites. How does this parasite look like? The subcutaneous tick of the cat is small( its size is 0.2-0.5 mm), light gray in color, it has a worm-like shape. Parasitize ticks mainly on the skin around the eyes and ears, nose, chest and stomach, as well as on the tail, while affecting the sebaceous ducts and hair follicles of a pet.
Subcutaneous mite in cats: symptoms and diagnosis
Demodectic infection in animals is not very common and generally has a mild form of flow. Penetrating into the sebaceous glands and follicles, the mite begins to actively extract metabolic products, resulting in the destruction of the epithelium, and on the place of vital activity of the parasite appear dense tubercles 2-10 mm in size. From the tubercle through the hole, reddish vodichka( syphilis), and sometimes a waxy liquid, is prominent. The skin in the infected area becomes red, thickened and folded. Over time, the skin begins to peel off, hair falls out, bald spots are formed. Despite all the symptoms of the disease, it is only the veterinarian who can prescribe the exact and definitive diagnosis, and also prescribe the necessary medications,subcutaneous mite in cats can easily be confused with lichen. After examining the animal, the doctor must take a scraping from the affected area of the pet and send the tests for further investigation to the laboratory. There are 3 forms of the disease( depending on the degree of development and spread): localized or scaly, at which self-healing, pustular and papular is possible. Some veterinarians also distinguish a mixed form of demodicosis, which manifests itself in especially severe and neglected cases.
Subcutaneous mite in cats: treatment of
With timely detection of the disease, self-healing can be. But wait until it comes, it is not desirable. When a subcutaneous tick of a pet is found, it is necessary to bathe with a special shampoo, which is used to treat seborrhea and dermatitis. For external treatment of the affected skin, you can use such drugs as: "Aversectin Ointment", "Amitrazine", "Epacid-alpha", "Sulfur Ointment", "Permetric Ointment".In severe demodicosis, cats are given a drug that has an antiparasitic effect, such as Ivermectin. It should be entered no more than once a week. Treatment with this drug lasts until the onset of partial recovery. Next, use external sprays and ointments.
Subcutaneous tick in cats: prophylaxis of
To avoid infection of cats with a subcutaneous tick, several simple rules must be observed that can save a pet's health:
- to feed the animal with valuable foods and foods rich in minerals and vitamins;
- reduce, if possible, contact of a pet with infectious, homeless animals;
- from time to time treat the cat with antiparasitic preparations: drops, sprays;
- support the immunity of the animal.
Always remember that any disease is easier to prevent than treat. Always watch your pets and be attentive to them, and then they will thank you with incorruptible devotion and affection.