Preparation for childbirth is a troublesome occupation. A cot, clothes, toys cost a lot of money. The baby requires care, attention and the constant presence of a loved one. A future mother can not work on late pregnancy, as well as at the birth of a child. Many fathers work in the family, but there are also single mothers who do not have their own income. State support in this situation is simply necessary for them.
The maternity benefit in Russia is paid to women regardless of their status or occupation. Only the amounts of payments differ.
The benefits are non-recurrent( which are paid once) and monthly( which are paid monthly until a certain age of the baby).
Let's consider in more detail what payments are made to pregnant women in our country.
One-time allowance for pregnant women who are registered early
The earliest payment to pregnant women is made if the woman has applied to a woman's consultation in the early stages of pregnancy. The allowance is paid at the place of work, if the
Take care of your baby's health better in the early stages of pregnancy. The allowance for 2014 is 515.33 rubles. Most often, it is paid simultaneously with a one-time benefit for pregnancy and childbirth. To receive this payment, pregnant women need a certificate from the clinic about registration and a corresponding form application.
Manual for Pregnancy and Childbirth
The benefit depends on whether the woman works or not. It is paid at a time and is due to the following pregnant:
1. The students in the educational institution in full time.
2. To insured women.
3. Dismissed women due to the fact that the organization was liquidated.
4. Working under labor contracts and insured in the FSS of the Russian Federation.
5. And also to those women who serve under the contract( the service in legislatively defined institutions and bodies is taken into account).
The insured women include individual entrepreneurs, lawyers, etc.( the full list is defined by regulatory enactments).
If a woman carries out her work activity, the amount of cash benefit directly depends on:
- of her salary;
- tax-free payments.
In the billing period, the last 2 years are taken. The size of payments is 100% of the average earnings of a pregnant woman.
If during the period of maternity leave there was liquidation of the organization, then the woman within a year should address in the center of employment for statement on the account. In this case, the social protection authorities pay benefits to pregnant women in the amount of 515 rubles. Payments are made in one amount for full maternity leave.
If a woman works simultaneously on several jobs, then the allowance is calculated from each employer.
If she is studying at the full-time department, then she is paid at the place of training, if the pregnant woman is serving in the army - at the duty station.
In addition, the allowance at the place of work is paid even in case of dismissal, if maternity leave has occurred within the first month after recording in the labor one. The reasons for dismissal should be as follows:
• moving to another city or district for good reason;
• illness of close relatives requiring care;
• in case of disability of 1 group of one of the family members;
• a woman's illness, because of which she can not work.
The allowance is paid at the employment center if the woman is found unemployed. The reasons for dismissal from work should be as follows:
• in case of liquidation of the enterprise;
• Suspension of IP activity;
• suspension of any other activity related to mandatory state registration.
In order to receive payments, the following documents are required:
1. Application form.
3. Certified extract from the employment record.
4. Help from the employment center.
Often the question arises as to which payments are made to pregnant women who study or are in military service.
Payments to female students of
For women who are enrolled in educational institutions, the pregnancy allowance is the amount of the scholarship.
The period of maternity leave of all categories of women is calculated depending on the characteristics of the course of pregnancy( in the case of the usual course of pregnancy and childbirth - 140 days, with complications - 156, 194 days - with multiple pregnancies).
The calculation of benefits to pregnant women occurs regardless of the number of days worked before delivery. If a woman works in a decree, the amount of the benefit remains unchanged.
The question of what payments are made to pregnant women flows into the following: "At what time should transfers be transferred?"
The law establishes the period of calculation and payment of benefits: ten days after the submission of the disability sheet and the application form. The disability sheet is issued in a polyclinic or a woman's consultation. Payment is made on the next day of wages.
Payments to the pregnant wives of servicemen
Additional payments are paid to the wives of servicemen. They include a one-time and a monthly allowance.
In the case of a husband's conscription for military service, lump sum payments to pregnant women in 2014 amount to 27,761.88 rubles. The gestation period must be at least 180 calendar days. Exceptions are the wives of cadets, who do not rely on the allowance.
Required documents for payment:
• application for a certain form on the assignment of benefits;
• certificate of registration of a pregnant woman;
• marriage certificate( copy);
• certificate from the military unit( if the husband of a pregnant woman is serving in the army), if the service is completed, it is provided by the military commissariat.
The monthly allowance is 9326 rubles and is paid for each child.
Childbirth allowance( one time)
It is paid to either one of the parents or the guardian. The allowance for the birth of several children is compulsory for each child.
The following citizens have the right to these payments:
• full-time students;
• citizens who pass military service( under a contract or equivalent to it).
If employees receive funds from social insurance funds, non-working people and students are financed from the federal budget.
These payments to pregnant women in 2014 amount to 13741.99 rubles and are paid no later than 6 months after childbirth. The amount of payments is indexed every year, but is paid in a fixed amount at the time of birth.
Child allowance monthly up to one and a half years
The allowance is paid only up to the 1.5-year-old child's age every month. In 2014, a monthly allowance of 40 percent of the averaged earnings of a woman is established( at least 2,576, 63 for the first child, and for subsequent children at least 5153.24).
Insurance premiums are accrued for average earnings. The settlement period is two preceding years. In this year, 2014, this time period is 2012 and 2013.
The amount of money of envy from the area and area of residence( each has its own).
In order to receive child support, you must:
• Birth certificate of the child( copy).
• A certificate from another parent that he does not receive this benefit and does not use maternity leave. The certificate is provided from the work of the other parent. If it does not work, then the certificate is issued by the social protection authorities.
The list of documents is also region specific and can be added by new documents.
Child benefit monthly up to 3 years
Maternity leave for childcare is 3 years( the basis is the RF TC, article 256).After a year and a half, mothers are forced to go to work and identify children in kindergartens.
The State Duma has introduced a bill to increase maternity leave to 3 years. The project does not operate throughout Russia. Since 2014, the following subjects are covered:
• Republics: Altai, Tuva, Buryatia, Adygeya, Mariy El, Chechen, Chuvash, Udmurtia, Kalmykia, Komi, Karachay-Cherkessia, Karelia, North Ossetia-Alania, Kabardino-Balkaria, Dagestan, Ingushetia, Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, Mordovia, Sakha.
• Regions: Amur, Astrakhan, Voronezh, Orenburg, Belgorod, Sverdlovsk, Tula, Bryansk, Vladimir, Tambov, Tver, Vologda, Kaluga, Kursk, Murmansk, Kostroma, Chelyabinsk, Kirov, Ryazan, Smolensk, Leningrad, Lipetsk, Magadan, Kemerovo, Novgorod, Samara, Orel, Penza, Pskov, Tyumen, Rostov, Saratov, Sakhalin, Ivanovo, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Arkhangelsk, Volgograd, Irkutsk, Kurgan, Kaliningrad, MoscowYaroslavl, Tomsk, Ulyanovsk and the Jewish Autonomous Region.
• City of Moscow and the city of St. Petersburg.
• Khanty-Mansi, Chukotka and Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District.
• Perm, Altai, Krasnodar, Primorsky, Khabarovsk, Kamchatka, Transbaikal, Stavropol and Krasnoyarsk Territories.
The above bill was only a draft and has not been adopted to date.
Parents up to 3 years of age are paid monetary compensation( size - 50 rubles).This amount depends on the district wage rate and is paid on the basis of an employment contract.
The following persons can receive compensation: a guardian, an adoptive parent, a grandmother, a grandfather, a father, a mother and other persons caring for the child.
Regional payments to women
Federal benefits are paid to all women in Russia. The subjects of our country can also pay a certain amount of money to the parents of the child, the so-called regional payments. Each subject has its own payments. Residents of Moscow at the birth of the firstborn are paid 5000 rubles;at the birth of subsequent children - 14 500. In addition, there are Luzhkov payments for parents who have not reached the age of 30 - 34 500 rubles. If three or more babies were born, an amount of 50,000 is paid at the same time.
In the Nizhny Novgorod region, the governor pays 25,000 rubles for the birth of more than 2 children( inclusive).In the case of the birth of several children at the same time, 3,000 are paid for each child. Payments are made by the social authorities when providing a package of documents( birth certificate and a copy, a certificate from another parent for non-receipt of benefits, birth certificate, application).
Material payments from
The collective agreement provides for material assistance to pregnant women from the organization in which they work. Assistance is provided on the basis of a written application addressed to the director. The amount of assistance is assigned by the manager and prescribes in the labor or collective agreement. Both parents of the child can receive help only if they work at different enterprises.
These payments to pregnant women are not mandatory. In internal documents of the organization, material assistance may not be provided. The law does not regulate material payments, but the trade union of the organization has the right to influence this situation in a positive way. In addition, the authority of the employee in the eyes of the director of the enterprise also contributes to the decision in favor of the employee. Only unscrupulous employers( individual entrepreneurs, small private companies) can refuse to provide financial assistance to their employee.
Cash payments for food
The payments to pregnant women for food are made on the basis of a government decree in the event that the subsistence level of the family is less than 50% of the subsistence minimum. This manual is prescribed if the following documents are available:
• certificates of pregnancy;
• certificates of income of the family and other documents as required;
• the applicant's passport;
• application forms.
The amount of payments depends on the family income and is approximately 300 rubles per month. The allowance is calculated from the moment when the mother registered, and ends with the month of labor or termination of pregnancy.
Large families are provided with pension benefits, as well as benefits for food and transportation. In addition, parents are provided with natural assistance in the form of allocation of land.
Both parents of a child can receive a state payment if more than 2( inclusive) children were born in the family. In 2014, the capital amounts to 429,408 rubles. The amount of capital is indexed every year. Payment is made by bank transfer and is provided in the form of a certificate.
The Pension Fund of the Russian Federation is responsible for formalizing the right to maternity capital. The right to it is confirmed by the Certificate, which has been issued since 2007.To obtain maternity capital, four documents are necessary: the passport of the father and mother, the application in form, the birth certificate of the child.
Term of circulation is unlimited. Money is redistributed on the basis of the application.
Spending this capital can only:
- for the education of the child;
- for the formation of the accumulative part of the labor pension of the mother ;
- for improving living conditions.
The certificate may be used in parts. The balance of money is indexed annually.
Payments to women who do not work
Consider the question of what payments are made to unemployed pregnant women.
For women who do not work, only two benefits are paid: the first is a one-time childbirth allowance;the second is the monthly allowance for care. To receive payments, you must provide:
• Hospital sheet.
• Certificate from the employment center.
• The workbook.
The woman has no right to other types of benefits.
It should be noted that maternity leave is characterized by temporary incapacity for work and is paid through social insurance funds, so it is part of the work experience.
State support for pregnant women in our country is manifested in cash payments, which were considered in this article. It becomes clear what payments are made to pregnant women, if they work or are at home. The amount of payments is indexed every year. There is a hope that in the near future it will become a worthy support of caring parents. Financial security will help with peace of mind to enjoy the joy of motherhood.
At present, without the support of a spouse it is difficult to exist on a monthly allowance. Since the clothes for the baby, baby formulas and medicines have a high cost. Buy the necessary for a child sometimes it is not possible. No matter how much you like, you will have to learn how to save money. Experts advise in order not to get depressed from the lack of finance, to allocate money only for the necessary purposes. Clothing can be borrowed from relatives or friends. Try to breastfeed longer, so as not to spend money on expensive baby food.