Cheremsha - what is it? A comprehensive answer to this question will be given in the article presented. Also we will tell you about how to properly grow this product, what properties it has, where it can be used, etc.
General information on a plant such as wild garlic
What is this plant? The wild garlic has many different names. Someone calls her a bear onion, and someone calls it wild garlic or a bulb. In any case, this product is a perennial herb which belongs to the genus Onion, the Onion subfamily, and the Amaryllis family.
Origin of the name
For sure, few have heard of such a plant as a wild horse. What does this word mean? Experts believe that this name is related to the bird cherry tree. However, the specific epithet of the scientific name of the plant sounds like ursinum. Linguists believe that it originated from the Latin word ursus, which means "bear".This name has been preserved in the Russian language to this day. By the way, in Germany the wild garlic is also known as Bärlauch,
Description of the plant
What does the wild garlic look like? What is this plant? It has an elongated bulb( 1 centimeter thick) with shells divided into parallel fibers. The bulb itself is not attached to the rhizome.
The stem of the wild garlic is trihedral, at the base it is dressed with leaves. Its height is 15-50 centimeters.
The cherry quill is narrow. The umbrella is slightly flowered, hemispherical or lumpy, dense. The seeds of the plant are almost spherical. Blossoms the wild leek in May-June.
Where does it grow and how to grow it?
Bear onions are very common in Central, Southern and Northern Europe. It also grows in Belarus, Ukraine, the Caucasus and Turkey.
In wild, wild garlic can also grow in the tundra zone. Most often it grows in valleys near rivers in shady forests. Very rarely, the grass is cultivated as a garden plant.
How does the wild garlic grow? Cultivation of this herb is not very popular. Most often it is collected in the wild. However, some gardeners still try to grow this plant on their own plot.
Specialists note that it is best to sow bear onions for the winter. This is due to the fact that the seeds need 80-100-day stratification at a temperature of 0-3 degrees. Seed without this procedure, the grass will only rise a year later.
How should you plant such grass as wild garlic? Cultivation and planting of plants are recommended to be carried out with the help of seeds harvested this year. A few shallow grooves are made on wet soil. Then they spread seeds and sprinkle with a small layer of peat or humus. After that, the soil is constantly maintained in a moistened state.
The plant reaches its normal size only by the 3rd year of cultivation. Seedlings bloom on the 4th.
What are the distinguishing features of wild garlic? We will describe the properties of this product right now.
Bulbs, leaves and stalks of bear grass have a fairly strong garlic flavor. This is because the product contains substances such as glycoside, allicin and essential oil. By the way, the latter is so caustic that no other herb can get along near this plant.
There is a lot of ascorbic acid in the wild garlic. And the higher the plant grows in the mountains, the more it contains vitamin C.
Essential oil of wild garlic includes thiols, vinyl sulfide and aldehyde. Also in all parts of the grass there is fructose, protein, phytoncides, mineral salts, carotene and lysozyme.
Scope of garlic
Now you know how to produce wild garlic at home. I also want to talk about where exactly it is possible to use this herb, and in which cases it is strictly forbidden to use it.
Cheremsha - what is this plant? We told you about this above. It should also be noted that this plant is highly not recommended for fattening cattle. This is due, first of all, to the fact that in the future meat can acquire a very unpleasant aftertaste, and dairy products - red-yellow color. Although the animal itself and its health does not affect wild garlic.
Черемша - what is this? Photos of this herb you can see in this article. It is very often used for food. Mainly bear onions are used in raw form. However, it is often marinated, added to the bread, various pies and hot dishes.
As a rule, only stems of wild garlic, its bulbs and leaves are used for food. The latter are collected exclusively in the spring, before the flowering process. They taste very much like green onions and garlic. Such leaves are rich in vitamin C, so they are often used to raise immunity.
Making garlic is not time consuming. But, despite this, the collected grass is almost always used fresh. It is added to various salads as a spice, and also used to make delicious soups, stewed vegetables and pies.
You can sour cherries, pickle and marinate. But it is not recommended to dry it. This is due to the fact that in this state the bear onions lose a significant part of their valuable qualities.
In eastern countries and in the Caucasus this plant is added mainly to hot dishes. It is also used in raw form together with salt and bread( for example, fresh bulbs).The leaves of bear onions are used to mix with Ossetian cheese, from which then cook various pies.
In Germany, bread is baked from this plant, added to hot dishes and pesto sauce.
In addition to cooking, this product is also widely used in medicine. Specialists have been shown that he quickly increases appetite, strengthens the motor function of the intestine and increases the secretion of digestive glands. Also, this herb has a fungicidal, bactericidal and antiscorbutic effect.
The bear bow is an ancient medicinal plant, which was known to the Romans and Celts.
In folk medicine, wild garlic is used for atherosclerosis, scurvy and intestinal infections, as well as with fever and as antihelminthic, antimicrobial agents. In ancient Rome, this plant was considered an excellent medicine for purifying blood and stomach. In ancient treatises, bear onions are mentioned as a reliable remedy, which protects against infection with cholera, plague and other diseases.
Infusion made of wild garlic is very often treated with cough, fever, rheumatism, bronchitis and radiculitis. Moreover, it is not only taken inside, but also rubbed by it, and also make lotions.
Since ancient times, ramson has been known as an antisclerotic. It prevented the accumulation of cholesterol in the blood, and also stimulated cardiac activity, reduced blood pressure and promoted the normalization of metabolism.
As mentioned above, it is possible to prepare completely different dishes from bear onions. In this section of the article we decided to tell you about how to make a delicious salad from this plant.
Step-by-step recipe for salad with bear onions
We need the following products for salad preparation:
- fresh leek leaves - large bunch;
- egg raw chicken - 2 pieces;
- potatoes round small - 2-3 pcs.; Sunflower oil
- - at your discretion.
How to cook the coriander? It must be thoroughly washed, dried and crushed with a sharp knife. After this, the rest of the ingredients should be processed. To do this, the round potatoes are boiled in a uniform, cleaned and cut into small slices. Next, the eggs are hard-boiled and finely chopped. In the end, all ingredients are combined in a deep salad bowl, flavored with sunflower oil and mixed well.
If desired, additionally add grated celery root, pickled, salted or fried mushrooms, as well as green canned peas. If you need to get a more calorie dish, then the salad is not seasoned with sunflower oil, but with fatty sour cream or mayonnaise.
Other ways of cooking wild onions
How to cook the wild garlic in the oven? To do this, there are many different recipes. Bear the onion beforehand in warm water, and then very finely chop with a sharp knife. Later it is added to the filling for pies( meat, vegetable, cereals, etc.) and baked in a classic way. Such products are very delicious and aromatic.
Also often chopped wild garlic is spread in fresh or yeast dough. By preparing bread from such a test, you will get a very tasty and fragrant pastry, which can be served to completely different dishes.
In addition to pies and other flour products, bear onions are added to soups. To do this, the first dish is cooked until ready, and 5 to 9 minutes before the plate is turned off, it is served with the garlic. Easy heat treatment of the plant will reveal its pleasant taste and unsurpassed aroma.