Hippeastrum( care at home is simple and under everyone's power) - the plant is very beautiful and easy to grow, because it is very unpretentious. However, it does have some peculiarities.
Distinctive features of the flower
The native land of the flower is South America, the largest number is in Brazil. It is here that they can be found both in high-mountain meadows, and on deserted plateaus.
In its appearance, hippeastrum has a truly unique beauty. Each flower inside is white, and its outer walls are red. Also in the wild, you can easily meet a special kind with carmine flowers, that is, bright red, which seem to shimmer with velvet.
Representatives who love dampness and shade, do not differ in intense color, purple slowly turns into pink, and then white.
Hippeastrum room - this bulbous plant with large flowers, a diameter of about 20 cm, which are located on tall peduncles. As a rule, flowers of hippeastrum are collected in umbellate inflorescences. In each such inflorescence no mor
The leaves are linear-flat, the color of which varies from bright green to dark shade. The length sometimes reaches 70 cm. The leaves, if the plant is healthy, are slightly curved.
Hippeastrum, which variety is quite diverse, very unpretentious in care. For a little attention to yourself will thank you for a lot of bright colors.
How to properly care for a plant?
Hippeastrum( home care is easy enough) came to us from tropical countries, but despite this, most of the representatives can be found in mountainous areas. In view of this, it follows that care of the plant must be special.
First of all, one must take into account that even a dry air plant is experienced quite easily.
Required room temperature
The ideal temperature at which the plant feels comfortable enough is the range from 17 to 25 degrees Celsius. And in the winter it can be slightly lowered. But temperature differences are still undesirable, as this can adversely affect the growth of hippeastrum. Lowering the air temperature by a small 5 degrees can make the flowering process impossible. That's why you need to carefully monitor the stability of the temperature in the room.
The flowering period can be extended by lowering it to 15 degrees.
This plant is very fond of light, and this should not be forgotten in any case. Direct sunlight for him is not terrible, but it is better to avoid such situations. The best place to plant a pot with a plant is considered to be the southern, south-western or southeasterly sides. Light is more preferable than diffuse.
During the rest period hybrids of this plant actively lose leaves, that's why it is recommended for this period to transfer it to a darker place with a lowered temperature.
Features of irrigation
The rest period of the plant ends in December. During this period, it is recommended that the pot with the hippeastrum be moved to a place that is well lit. Watering can be started only when the flower arrows begin to appear and reach a size of about 10 cm. You need to water them in small portions, otherwise you will provoke premature growth of the leaves.
Do not pour water directly into the pot, it's best to do this in a pallet. This way will avoid getting the liquid directly to the bulb, and this threatens its decay.
Watering should be increased during the period when the flower arrows begin their active growth.
Hippeastrum after flowering gives all the strength to the bulb, which begins to actively grow, as well as the leaves of the plant. In this period, the peduncles are laid, which will be activated the next year. To promote this will be a regular watering of the hippeastrum.
Completely stop this procedure is required in late summer, when the plant begins a special period in life - a period of rest. Right now flowers, gippeastrum is very fond of, you need to put in a fairly cool place, and access to water is excluded. If you do not have the opportunity to provide the plant with such conditions, and it is forced to stay in a room with a high temperature, watering can not be stopped. It is enough to do it in small portions occasionally. This procedure is required to ensure that the bulb of the hippeastrum does not dry up. But spraying should not be done, because the dry air is easily tolerated by the plant, and during a rest period such conditions are considered ideal.
You should not rush to feed your plant. It is necessary to start this only if the arrows have a height of at least 15 cm. If such a flower is transplanted very recently, the soil, most likely, has a sufficient number of different nutrients, and feeding should be done much later.
Hippeastrum( home care is very simple) - a plant that prefers potassium and phosphate fertilizers. They are able to significantly speed up the appearance of flowers, contribute to the process of accumulation of substances necessary for growth in the bulb itself, the successful laying of peduncles. Nitrogen fertilizers should be completely eliminated, because they can cause such trouble as gray rot, which can lead to the death of hippeastrum.
During the growing season and active growth, it is recommended to perform fertilizing not more than once every two weeks. Approximately one month before the period of rest of a plant comes, top dressing it is required to stop completely.
How to care for a plant after flowering?
Hippeastrum after flowering retires. In order that he and the next year pleased you with beautiful and truly unique colors, you need to follow certain rules of care after flowering:
- The flower arrow should be cut off after the flowering process, leaving about 2/3 of its former length. This is to ensure that the bulb can receive a certain portion of nutrients. You can delete the arrow only when it completely fades. To do this, you can carefully pull it out from the bulb.
- Provide the plant with plenty of sunlight and systematic watering. It is this kind of care that can be guaranteed to receive a large number of flowers for the next year, since this period is needed in order for the bulb to form the beginnings of new flower arrows.
- To restore the bulb, you need to ensure that hippeastrum for the summer released as many leaves as possible. To promote this process can watering a weak infusion of mullein or a special complex fertilizer, designed for flowers.
- About the health of plants say its leaves. If they are large, juicy, bright green with shine, then the development of hippeastrum is successful. Particular attention should be paid to those plants, whose leaves lose their elasticity, can break down and turn pale. If this happens, you need to increase the amount of sunlight. Ideal - transplanted into the garden. However, in this case, in addition, care must be taken to prevent snails and slugs from harming the leaves.
Having sent the rest of the hippeastrum to rest, flowering next year will definitely get you.
Secrets of successful breeding
There are three ways to propagate hippeastrum:
- using seeds;
- growing babies;
- bulb division.
To obtain seeds, the plant is artificially pollinated. They mature 2 months. And the brighter the color of flowers, the more likely the germination of seeds. Plant them immediately after harvesting, the depth of planting should be about 2 cm. This method is not very convenient, because flowers appear only after 3-4 years.
The easiest for execution is the method of reproduction by children. Suitable for this are bulbs with a diameter of about 2 cm, provided that the roots are well developed.
If you have a hybrid plant, then it will not form children. Then it is appropriate to divide the bulb. As a result of the procedure, you should get several segments with a well-developed spine. If you do not want to ruin the hippeastrum, the bulb should be separated by a sterile instrument.
Before a direct planting of a part of a bulb it is necessary to dry a little and cover with a coal crumb. Ideally, a peat-sand mixture is required as the substrate. After planting pots are recommended to be placed in plastic bags to create a greenhouse effect. Pouring water through a pallet.
Possible problems in growing
Many growers may have questions. The most popular of them is: "Why does not hippeastrum flower, although all the rules of care are strictly observed?"
This plant is famous for its chic bright colors, but it depends on two factors:
- availability of the necessary amount of nutrients in the bulb( can be regulated by feeding);
- the right period of rest, which in no case can not be ignored.
If you follow these two rules, the question: "Why does not blossom hippeastrum?" - more you will not arise.
There is also an option to speed up the flowering process. For this, before planting the bulb directly in the substrate, it must be kept in hot enough water( about 45 degrees) until 3 hours. In addition, you can cut off the leaves and stop watering for 30 days. This procedure also contributes to the rapid onset of flowering.
Harm to the plant can cause and all kinds of insects, for example, mealybug, arachnoid and onion mites, as well as a scabbard. If you see these representatives, they need to be cleaned with cotton wool with alcohol. After this, the plant itself is recommended to be treated with a solution of phytoverma or carbophos.
In order for the flower to please you with its beauty and brightness for a long time, it is enough to choose the right mode of maintenance, gippeastrum( home care is not difficult) will respond to you in gratitude with abundant flowering.