The first meal in the life of each child should be breast milk or a special mixture. It is from these products that the crumb can get all the necessary substances and vitamins during the first year of life. However, with age, a new problem arises: the child is not enough what the parents give him. The baby begins to show great interest in food and the desire to taste everything. This article will tell you about what are complementary feeding schemes for breastfeeding. You will find out where to start the acquaintance of the baby with adult food. It is also worth mentioning that it is a lure for Komarovsky.
Introduction of adult food in the diet of a child
There is a great variety of opinions about when to begin to introduce crumbs to food for adults. Some pediatricians insist that the first foods the baby needs from the age of three months. Others say that you can fully wait for the moment when the child turns a year old. Lure for Komarovsky involves acquaintance with a new diet no earlier th
- Before starting the introduction of a new product, the baby must be absolutely healthy.
- The child has no allergic reactions.
- The kid shows interest in adult food.
- For complementary feeding, only a spoon is used.
- One-component product must be administered per single feeding.
- You need to start feeding with minimal doses.
- A new dish is introduced in the morning.
Where to start lure?
This question is often heard by pediatricians from newly mummies. Women are worried that they should first try their babies. There are several ways to introduce the child to a new food. The complementary scheme is chosen taking into account the general condition of the baby and his weight category. It is also necessary to consider the possibility of allergies.
Some physicians are sure that familiarity with the new diet should begin with the use of cereals. Other pediatricians say that preference should be given to vegetable dishes. Grandmothers and mothers tell young women that it's worth starting with juices and chicken yolk. What is it worth to do? Where do you start lure? Let's consider some schemes of introduction of adult food in a ration of the kid.
The first scheme: the lure of porridges
This method is chosen when the baby has a lack of weight. Also, the introduction of cereals should begin the first in children who are on artificial feeding. If you have chosen such a lure, the cereals must first be without the addition of milk. If you are breastfeeding, you can add food to your meal.
The first lure of porridge should include the following: buckwheat, rice, corn. It is these cereals that are the most low-allergenic. All of them need to be cooked on the water. Only then, if desired, add breast milk.
On the first day, you need to give your child half a teaspoon of this new product. In this case, it is worthwhile to closely monitor the reaction of the body during the day. On the second day, offer the crumb a whole teaspoon of porridge. Gradually bring the product to 50-100 grams in two weeks.
When a child gets used to the porridge, you need to start introducing vegetables and only then fruits, juices and dairy products.
The second scheme: the lure of vegetables
This scheme of complementary feeding is that the child is offered one-component vegetable purees first. This tactic should be chosen by those mothers whose children have a normal weight. The first vegetables for crumbs should be the following: cauliflower, zucchini, broccoli, pumpkin and carrots.
The first day is to give the baby a new product on the tip of a teaspoon. This portion is chosen to ensure that there is no allergic reaction in him. If everything went smoothly, then in a day, offer the child a dose that is doubled. Daily add a little product and by the end of the second week bring the eaten volume to 100 milliliters.
After this, you need to enter the porridge in the manner described above, fruits and dairy products.
The third scheme: lure fruit
Such lure of the baby should be chosen only in the event that there is a tendency to excessive weight. The first products should be apples, pears and bananas. Only then can you introduce citrus and exotic fruits.
On the first day, offer a few drops of apple juice. Assess the reaction of the gastrointestinal tract to the product. If all is well, then in a day you can offer a baby half a teaspoon of apple puree. If desired, you can dilute a new dish with the usual breast milk or mixture. Within a month, increase the daily portion and bring it to 100 grams.
After that the lure of the kid can be diversified by other products. It can be dairy products, cereals and vegetable purees.
Lure for Komarovsky
This famous pediatrician has developed his own scheme for introducing complementary foods. It is worth noting: the doctor says that the beginning of complementary foods should not be made before six months of age. Also, do not tighten the child's acquaintance with new food. Otherwise, in the future, it will be very difficult for a toddler to adjust to a new diet.
Dr. Komarovsky says that the first product in the baby's diet should be kefir. Only after this, you can enter cottage cheese and yogurt. Next, you need to introduce crumbs to porridges and only after that prepare vegetable soups and stews for him. Let's consider in detail how the lure is introduced according to Komarovsky.
Scheme for introducing new products
On the first day, offer the child three teaspoons kefir. In this case, the product should be low-fat. After a day, give the child six spoonfuls. In this way, increase the dose until you bring it up to 150 milliliters per day.
Next is to introduce the baby to cottage cheese. It is better to cook this food yourself. However, if you wish, you can buy the shop products. In the first day, give the crumb a teaspoon of the composition. At the same time, the weight of the dish will be about 5 grams. After a day, offer the child two spoons of a new dish. This method is to increase the volume to 30 grams( 6 teaspoons).When the baby reaches the age of 8 months, the dose can be equal to 10 spoons of the dish.
The next acquaintance will be with the porridge. Enter the product preferably before bed. Give the child a teaspoon of the dish. On the second day, double the dose. Within two weeks bring the portion up to 200 milliliters. In doing so, do not forget to give krok to yogurt and cottage cheese.
Vegetables in complementary foods are introduced as follows. The first day is worth giving the child 30 grams of the product. In this case, watch for the reaction of the intestines and stomach. Next, offer the child 10 teaspoons of dish. If everything goes smoothly, then you can enter the next vegetable in the same way. Then start giving the baby a soup.
Meat must be introduced into the infant's diet last. In this case, a phased approach must be observed. First, give the crumb meat pulp in an amount of 2-3 grams. The next day, double the dose. Bring a serving up to 50 grams in two or three weeks.
Fruits, according to Dr. Komarovsky, can be administered after cottage cheese or at the very end. The same goes for fruit juice. It must be remembered that it must be diluted with ordinary drinking water.
Summing up and a small conclusion
So, now you know the basic schemes of complementary feeding for babies. Remember that the most suitable age for acquaintance with adult food is six months. At this time the baby can already sit on his own and shows great interest in the ration of his parents.
By the year, you can replace all the daily meals with ordinary food. In this case, the baby should have teeth for the convenience of grinding products. Remember that the lure does not cancel breastfeeding. The baby should still receive breast milk or a special mixture.