Almost all of us, at least once in our life, encounter such a phenomenon as the appearance of white spots on the nails. In most cases, few people pay attention to them, since such pigmentation of the nail plates, as a rule, does not cause painful sensations. However, the appearance of spots can indicate serious health problems, so do not neglect such signs that the body sends to us. It is best to try to decipher them, which will allow to react in time to diseases that are still in the initial stage.
Why do white spots appear on the nails?
The most common reason for this phenomenon is the lack of vitamins. It is not surprising that the pigmentation of nails is most often observed at the end of winter or early spring, when the body is in great need of additional feeding. If such problems occur during the period when you regularly include fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet, then probably not the vitamin deficiency, but the lack of such important trace elements as magnesium, zinc, iron or cal
White spots on the nails can occur in women during pregnancy, which is associated with increased stress on the body and a decrease in the level of hemoglobin in the blood. In addition, the presence of pigmentation may be a consequence of metabolic disorders, which is typical for people with diabetes, overweight, having problems with the thyroid or pancreas. It is for this reason that the appearance of white spots on the nail plates is a strong enough argument to visit the endocrinologist .After all, some of the ailments associated with the violation of metabolic processes, have pronounced symptoms only at later stages, so they can be diagnosed only in the laboratory. Timely analysis given in such a situation will help not only to avoid complications, but also to prevent the development of the disease.
By the way, o white spots can also indicate the presence of a fungal disease of the nail plate. However, in this case, the process of pigmentation is often accompanied by deformation or bundle of the nail. If such symptoms are present, then the visit to the dermatologist will help to solve the problem. Also, you should pay attention to your own health, if the spots periodically appear, then disappear. In this case, they indicate serious disturbances in the functioning of the heart muscle, changes in blood pressure, or ventricular valve stagnation. To help in this situation not only get rid of pigmentation, but only an experienced cardiologist can restore health.
Injuries can also cause white spots. However, in this case, it is not necessary to seek medical help. If you pinch your finger or hit it hard, it's sufficient to use cold compress to avoid swelling. As for the white spots that can appear on the nails a few days after the injury, in due course they will pass by themselves.
Medical treatment of white spots
To get rid of the pigmentation of the nail plate, the cause of such a deviation should be established first. If it is directly related to your state of health, and the spots themselves indicate the presence of a particular ailment, then at first it is necessary to get rid of the disease itself, and only then to eliminate its consequences. Depending on the type of ailment, patients can be prescribed hormonal, general restorative, cardiac or antifungal drugs. In cases when it comes to the deficiency of vitamins or trace elements, it is necessary to undergo a comprehensive medical examination in order to properly organize your diet, including products rich in one or the other substances. In addition, you can resort to the help of various food additives and vitamin complexes, which in a few days will help get rid of the white spots on the nails.
If they occurred during pregnancy, it is enough to take advantage of iron-containing preparations that will increase the level of hemoglobin in the blood. However, before their reception, you should always consult a gynecologist.
Folk recipes for the control of white spots
You can treat nail plates not only with the help of medications. To get rid of white spots, it is necessary to resort to folk remedies, which are very effective when it comes to the deficiency of useful substances in the body. For example, you can use a hand bath, which is prepared from a decoction of chamomile or strong green tea .If every day for 5-7 minutes to keep your hands in a bath that improves the circulation, then after a few weeks the white spots on the nails will completely disappear. In addition, it is very useful before bedtime to rub the nail plates with fish oil, which is rich in vitamins and trace elements. The rehabilitation course is designed for 8-10 procedures, which should be performed daily. In this case, such a simple folk remedy will not only easily get rid of the pigmentation of the nail plates, but also help to improve their structure.
To accessible means of traditional medicine is the massage of nail plates, which is recommended to be used twice a day, in the morning and in the evening. And, to enhance the effect, it is necessary to pre-lubricate the nails with oil solutions of vitamins A, B, C or D. During the massage, it is best to use a soft brush or cotton pad, which must first rub the nail plate, and then with the fingertips of the other hand to perform light circular motions. Mass each nail for at least a minute, after which it is recommended first to raise your hands up for a few minutes, and then drop them down and gently shake the brushes.
With regard to the daily diet, to get rid of white spots on the nail plates in the menu you should include buckwheat porridge, pomegranate and tomato juices, dried apricots, apples, Bulgarian pepper, fish, beef or pork liver.