Many fans of miniature indoor trees certainly have in their floral collection pahiri - a plant of the baobab family, home to which are the tropical forests of Brazil. Pakhira has a bottle structure of the trunk in which it accumulates moisture, as well as very beautiful elongated leaves with glossy tint, so it is often called the Malabar chestnut. The flowers of this plant are very bright and exotic, in shape resembling a peacock's tail. True, at home pahira blooms extremely rarely about once every 4-5 years.
Taking care of the pahir is not at all difficult, is important, from the very beginning choose for it a bright and warm place, reliably protected from direct sunlight .Ultraviolet is very detrimental to the delicate leaves of this plant, leaving them burns in the form of brown spots. If this happens, the pahira begins to drop them intensively and eventually may die. In addition, in the room where the flower is located, you must constantly maintain a certain temperature. In summer, it should
Compliance with high air humidity is not a prerequisite for the cultivation of the aspidum , as it perfectly transfers the heat due to the water that accumulates in the barrel. Nevertheless, sprinkle from the atomizer and wipe the leaves of this plant with a moist sponge at least once a week from early spring to late autumn. During the period of hibernation, it is better not to disturb the pahiri at all. At this time it is necessary to completely abandon the fertilizing of the plant, its sprinkling and processing of leaves. Watering the flower in winter should not be more than once in 10-12 days. In summer, the watering should be quite abundant and regular, at least 1-2 times a week. In this case, it is very important to ensure that the settled water of room temperature does not fall on the stem of the plant, which can begin to rot. In summer pahir is fed every 2-3 weeks, using complex fertilizers for indoor plants. Those who decided to have this beautiful and rather unpretentious flower should also remember that he is very much afraid of drafts. Therefore, it should not be placed near open windows and doors, as well as take out to fresh air, even if the weather is hot and windless on the street. In addition, it is important to know that in a few years the pahira at home can reach a height of 2-3 m. To avoid this, the upper shoots of the plant need to be plucked twice a year - in autumn and winter.
The pakhir reproduces with the help of cuttings , for which the shoots cut off at the end of summer or in the autumn with several leaves and buds are rooted in a moist substate consisting of a mixture of river sand and peat. The pot in which cuttings are planted, it is necessary to cover with a film or a glass jar, taking it off for 3-5 minutes every day for airing. Young shoots of the pahira should be watered daily, using warm, settled water for this. Approximately in 2 weeks they start up roots, however to remove protection it is possible only when from buds new leaves will appear. After that, the pot with cuttings is left in a bright and warm place, and after about a month the plants are planted in separate pots. In addition, it is possible to grow pahir from seeds, for which they spread on wet river sand and cover with glass. The sand should be watered every 2-3 days, while trying not to shift the glass. After about a week the seeds germinate, after which they should be planted in a mixture of peat and sand. When young plants reach a height of 5-7 cm, a picking is carried out, and they are planted in separate pots.
Young plants under 3 years of age are recommended to replant annually, choosing for this purpose sufficiently deep and wide pots. In this case, it is best to use a mixture of leaf soil, humus, sand and peat, which are taken in equal proportions. At the bottom of the pot, about a quarter, it is necessary to pour pebbles or claydite to provide drainage. As for adult plants, they need to be transplanted only when it becomes tight in the flowerpot. However, this should be done at least once in 3-4 years.
The biggest problem that growers face is the constant threat of decay of the stem of the plant, which must be constantly protected from excess moisture. If it still had a characteristic mold coating, it should be scraped off immediately, and the affected area should be well sprinkled with crushed activated carbon. When aphids, scabies, or spider mites appear, which often affect the pahir, the leaves of the plant should be wiped with a soap solution, carefully removing the parasites. After two days, the leaves must be thoroughly rinsed with warm, settled water and, if necessary, re-performed the disinfection procedure after 10-12 days.