Fittonia is considered to be one of the most beautiful tropical plants due to the luxurious leaves with silvery or pink veins. The birthplace of this flower is the swampy forests of Peru and some other countries of South America. However, to date, flower growers have been able to breed several varieties of fittonia, which excellently feel not in the hot tropics, but in a normal apartment. True, for this plant it is nevertheless necessary to create certain conditions that are as close to natural as possible.
How to care for fittonia
Those who want to replenish their collection of flowers with fitton, you should know that this plant is very thermophilic. Therefore, in the room where this flower is located, the air temperature should be at least + 25-26 degrees. In the cold season, it can be reduced to +20 degrees, otherwise fittonia perishes literally in a few days. For all its love of warmth and sun, this plant does not tolerate direct sunlight , under the influence of which the leaves of fitto
Maintaining a certain temperature is by no means the only requirement that must be met in order for fittonia to please you with its beauty. This flower is very fond of moisture, so many prefer to pick up for this plant a secluded and well protected from the air flow place in the kitchen. However, fittonium can be grown absolutely in any room. The main thing is to take care of regular air humidification .For these purposes, you can use special household appliances, but if they are not, then enough to pour pebbles, clay, or river sand, which will need to be watered at least 2-3 times a week. Approximately the same regime of watering and fittonia, which likes soft and settled water at room temperature. True, in autumn and winter, moisten the soil quite often in 5-6 days. As for fertilizers, during the active growth of the flower from March to October they should be introduced into the soil every 2 weeks. In the cold season, it is sufficient to fertilize the substate once a month, using a complex top dressing for house plants of the acanthus family. In addition, care should be taken to ensure that on the wide and glossy leaves of fittonium there is never any dust, because it is through them that the plant "breathes".Therefore, they should be wiped with a damp sponge at least 2-3 times a month, and in summer, supplement this procedure by spraying the flower from the atomizer.
Fetotonia reproduces vegetatively, for which the upper cuttings are peeled from the mother plant in early spring. They can be immediately planted in a soil consisting of a mixture of peat and sand, or left for 10-12 days in a jar of water, waiting until the sprouting leaves the roots of .The young plant should be planted in a fairly wide and deep pot, after which the shoot is covered with a plastic film or glass jar to maintain a constant temperature. After landing, fittonia should be watered daily and very abundantly. At the same time, it is recommended to take the film and the can for no more than 10-15 minutes per day. Completely remove the protection will be in about 2 weeks, when the stem will release 1-2 young leaves. In addition, fittonia reproduces by the method of dividing the rhizome, but this method can be resorted only during plant transplantation. It is recommended to perform it in the early spring, when the flower has not yet fully awakened from hibernation. Moreover, young fittonia can be transplanted only after 2-3 years, and for adult plants this procedure is annual. As a soil for fittonia it is best to use a mixture of leaf soil, humus, peat and sand. In this case, it is worth taking care of the drainage in advance, filling the pot with about a third of pebbles or claydite.
Approximately every 3-4 years, fittonia needs rejuvenation .Determine when it is necessary to do this, by the degree of exposure of the lower parts of the shoots, which adversely affects the appearance of the plant. To avoid this, the top leaves are plucked and rooted, after which the plant for a few days throws out new lateral shoots.