Few of the amateur growers know the correct name of the palm tree that grows at their home. But there are a lot of varieties of palm trees, care for each has its own characteristics and that the plant actively grows and makes you happy with its appearance, it is necessary to know what kind of "beast" is in front of you. Chrysalidocarpus is one of the most popular palm trees in indoor floriculture - bright green, lush, beautiful. Her homeland is the remote island of Madagascar and the Comoros, where she grows on the sea coasts. Chrysalidocarpus refers to the genus of arecids, there are more than twenty species in the wild, but only one is cultivated at home - the chrysolide carpus is yellowish or golden. This name was given to the plant because of the color of the stems, but the leaves themselves have a deep green tint. The leaves of the chrysolide carpus are pinnate, begin to grow immediately from the rhizome, often appear lateral shoots, which makes the palm very luxuriant. At home, the flower grow
How to care for the chrysalidocarpus
Chrysalidocarpus needs to pick up a well-lit place. It is better that there should be more scattered light than directed bright sun. To accommodate the palm tree, the southern side, sometimes eastern and western, approaches. Just perfectly, the chrysalidocarpus grows in rooms with large windows, in glassed-in warm terraces, in rooms with bay windows or corner windows - there it quickly grows into a large potent plant. If your chrysalidocarpus grows poorly, then the probable cause is the lack of light of .But at the same time direct sunlight at noon will harm the palm, at this time it should be pritenyat or move away from the window.
In order for the palm to develop evenly, the pot or tub must be turned to the light source by different sides. When the plant reaches the desired size, the intensity of light can be somewhat reduced, it will suspend its growth.
Chrysalidocarpus adapts perfectly to the temperature of the contents, the usual room conditions are quite acceptable for it. It is best to feel the palm at a temperature of 22-24 degrees, but it will fully suffer a thirty-degree summer heat, and a drop to fifteen degrees. It is desirable to have a small seasonal temperature difference - summer is higher than in winter.
In natural conditions, the chrysalidocarpus grows on the sea coasts where the air has a high humidity. But since this kind of palm tree adapts well to other conditions, it is not necessary to constantly maintain high humidity, it is enough that the air is not dry and not hot. If the air is not moist enough, the tips of the leaves will begin to dry out at the palm, and it should not be placed near the heating devices. Periodic spraying, washing under the shower, wiping the leaves with a soft sponge will benefit the plant, such procedures are recommended to be done every 7-10 days. The higher the temperature and the drier air, the more active it is to moisturize the chrysalidocarpus.
Organizing the watering of the chrysalidocarpus one should take note that the soil in the pot must dry completely, including in the depth. If this does not happen, then you have chosen a too large pot or the wrong soil. Watering is carried out the next day after drying the soil, use only soft soft water, since this palm is extremely sensitive to various impurities, salts in water. Water better in the edge of the pot, and excess water from the pan immediately drain.
For chrysalidocarpus, you can use ready-made primer for palm trees or prepare the substrate yourself. For this, it is necessary to take in equal parts turf ground, peat, bark( can be pine), 1/4 part of charcoal and as much river sand.
A young and actively growing plant is transplanted annually, in the spring. If the root system has fully mastered the old pot, it is necessary to transplant the palm into a larger one, otherwise it will cease to grow. Large specimens need replacing the topsoil and transplanting once every 2-3 years. It is necessary to have a drainage layer in the pot - the larger the plant and the pot, the thicker the drainage layer should be.
Chrysalidocarpus is fed in spring and summer with a complex fertilizer for palms diluted 10 times less than the recommended dosage. Make a top-dressing with watering twice a month.
Chrysalidocarpus reproduces by seeds and cuttings, the second option is more suitable for household conditions. The sheet is cut, cut dry, treated with root stimulant and planted in moist sand or a mixture of sand and peat. Rooting takes place after 1,5-3 months, and when the seedlings are sufficiently developed the root system, it is transplanted into the usual soil.
Diseases and pests
From pests, the chrysalidocarpus affects the spider mite, thrips, nematode. Most often the plant suffers from soil salinization and an overabundance of minerals in the soil - for irrigation it is necessary to use only soft water .From excessive moisture there is rot and mold, roots start to disappear, the base of the palmar darkens. Leaves wilt from dry air and insufficient watering.