Silvery cineraria( seaside or shamrock) is a plant that, thanks to its very unusual, even slightly magical appearance, rightfully won the love of gardeners and landscape designers. Cineraria belongs to the family of astroids.
The perennial bush of the silver cineraria originates in the wild nature of the Mediterranean. In height, the plant can reach from twenty to sixty centimeters. In horticulture, low-growth species are of the greatest interest. The decorative leaves of the bush are dissected. From above the leaves seem to be covered with hoarfrost, they are bright, ashen-gray, from below they are white-blown. Small yellow flowers complete the image of silvery cineraria. Flowers of cineraria are collected in inflorescences-baskets.
Cultivation of cineraria from
seeds Cineraria reproduces exclusively with the help of seeds. In most cases this happens through seedlings. Particular attention should be given to the time of planting, for some varieties it may be earlier, and for others
Seeds of silver cineraria are distinguished by the excellent germination .The plant is unpretentious to the composition of soils. In the substrate prepared for disembarkation, seeds are scattered neatly and evenly throughout the area. Deepen them not necessary. Above the crops are sprinkled with sand, covered with polyethylene or glass and placed in a well-lit place. The temperature in the room where the plantings will be stored must be at least 18-20 degrees.
The first seedlings of the sea cineraria may appear a week later - one and a half after sowing. However, for the appearance of the first viable sprouts with a pair of leaves on the stem should pass at least a month. The appearance of the first leaves is a signal that the young plants have grown enough and are ready for independent life. At this point, they must be dived. Seating for individual pots of cineraria is necessarily carried out with a clod of earth. Approximately a month or two after diving young sprouts on separate pots, seedlings can be planted in open ground. Do this not before May - June. At this point, the plants become sufficiently strong. Grows and blooms cineraria until late autumn.
Care for cineraria
For planting cineraria in the garden area, you need to choose a well-lit place, since the unusual color of the leaves of the plant is best manifested in the sun.
Cineraria give preference to fertile soils, although they can grow on stony-gravelly soils( under natural conditions, shrubs can grow even on rocks).The regular application of fertilizers will contribute to the harmonious development of the ragwort. Cineraria prefers fertilizing with low nitrogen content. The introduction of fertilizers must be carried out at least twice a month.
Silvery cineraria is a drought-resistant species of shrubs. The plant can sustain itself long enough due to its own roots located deep enough. Therefore, watering should be carried out moderate, because the bush suffers from an excess of moisture.
The biggest "fans" of the ragwort are spider mites and aphids. Spraying the plant with a soap solution helps to get rid of the first pest. In the fight against the second pest, irrigation of cineraria with an insecticide will help.
Cineraria is used in mixborders, curbs, as well as decor and decoration of carpet flower beds.