Balsamin is one of the oldest plants that has been cultivated for more than a thousand years at home. This flower is decorated with flower beds and balconies, as well as windowsills of residential and office premises. The secret is simple - balm is very unpretentious and does not require constant attention. Despite the fact that the birthplace of the flower is India and the African tropics, the plant easily takes root in almost any climatic conditions. Therefore, it is quite easy to grow it if you follow the basic rules, which are quite easy even for those who have rather vague ideas about floriculture.
How to care for a balsam
To begin with, remember that the balm completely does not tolerate direct exposure to sunlight and can perfectly do without light for quite a long time. This is due to the fact that in a natural habitat this flower is accustomed to hide under the leaves of more photophilous tropical plants. Therefore, do not put a pot of balsam on the windowsill, it is best to find for h
Unlike its tropical counterparts, the balm does not need constant warming up of the premises. If the temperature is kept within + 20-22 degrees, then this is enough to make the flower feel comfortable. During the heat, to avoid overheating of the plant, it must be sprayed with water from a spray gun. To help this simple procedure should be resorted to in winter, if because of the heaters in the room is too hot, and the air becomes dry.
Balsam is relatively calm about the lack of moisture, but for the normal development of the plant from the beginning of summer to the middle of winter, it should be watered about 2-3 times a week by , using soft, filtered, room temperature water for this purpose. The period of hibernation in a balsam is rather short, and lasts from the end of winter to the end of spring, so at this time the amount of watering can be reduced to one in 10-12 days. It is also worth noting that balsam does not need special moisturizing of the air, which is an additional advantage of this plant. However, wipe the leaves of balsam with a moist sponge, removing dust and dirt, should be regularly regardless of the time of year, as they are the main "respiratory organs" of the flower.
This plant has one unique feature, which is that is the most comfortable balm feels in the narrow and shallow vases .Therefore, if it seems to you that the flower in the pot is cramped, do not hurry with his transplant. In this condition, the balm will delight you with an abundance of flowers from summer to the end of December, without suffering at all from lack of space. As a rule, adult plants are transplanted every 4-5 years, but not for the sake of increasing the area of the flowerpot, but because of the need to change the soil, which eventually depletes, even despite the regular use of fertilizing. The optimal primer for balsam is a mixture of peat, sand, turf, deciduous soil and humus. Moreover, during transplantation, it is necessary to take care of the presence of good drainage, for which the vase is covered by a third with expanded clay. After transplantation, which is best done at the end of spring or in the fall, balm should not be watered and fed abundantly. It is best to leave the flower alone for a few days so that it can adapt to the new conditions.
Balsam propagates by means of cuttings and seeds. If you do not belong to the category of patient people, it is best to cut off from the mother plant a small shoot with 2-3 leaves in spring and summer and put it into the water. After about a week, he will take out the roots, and his toga can be planted in a soil consisting of a mixture of peat and sand. However, it should be remembered that in a few months, the ingrained balsam will necessarily have to be transplanted into a more suitable soil. Those who want to grow this flower from seeds will have to be patient and create special conditions for their germination. The soil in the flowerpot, where the balsam is sown, must always be moist and loose. In addition, it is necessary to take care of the greenhouse effect, for which the pot is usually covered with plastic wrap or plastic cup. In addition, for the flowerpot will have to find a very bright and warm place. Approximately 2 weeks after the appearance of the first shoots, it is necessary to perform a pick and ensure each young shoot with a separate pot.