Acidantera is very effective, this flower rarely remains undetected and not appreciated. Outwardly, he reminds many flowers, they say, he has a resemblance to daffodil, phalaenopsis orchid, gladiolus. It is sometimes called a fragrant gladiolus, the aroma is really pleasant and flows throughout the garden. Ascidantera belongs to the genus Irisov, the family of tangent, there are about 40 species. Homeland of the Acidanteres - Africa, Ethiopia.
Atsidantera - high, up to 1-1.2 m in height, the plant, the leaves are long, pointed, erect. The stem is thin, elegant, the flower is large, about 10 cm in diameter, in the shape of a star - the petals are wide, but strongly pointed toward the edge. The color of the flower is white or purple, with a contrasting speck in the core.
Species and varieties of
Despite the fact that there are about four dozen species, to date, only two-color acidander( A. bicolor) is cultivated. Other species can also be grown, the problem is how to find them, but if possible
Landing and reproduction
Acidantera came to us from hot and sunny Africa. And if to the lower temperatures it could quite adapt, then here without the sun it does not live. To do this, plants should choose a quiet, sheltered from the wind, a sunny area.
Soil is needed neutral or slightly acidic, you can add peat as an additive or mix after mulching. It is important that the water in the ground does not stagnate, if the natural drainage of water is difficult, it means that you need to make a good drainage or grow the acidator on a raised platform or in a tub.
Seeds of acididum propagate very rarely , this is a laborious method that does not always give a positive result. But if there is no other option, and you want to have a flower, then the seeds are sown as for ordinary seedlings in February-March. The soil must be loose, nutritious, the box is kept on a window or in a greenhouse. Seedlings dive, the remaining ones are left to grow until the tuber appears.
It is much easier to grow children. Tubers on an adult plant are formed many small children, they must be separated and grown .Children in spring planted on the breast, in a fertilized, fertile, loose ground. Over the summer they will grow up, but for the winter they are digged, while still small and weak. The procedure is repeated for 2-3 years, so the children grow into an adult tuber that can bloom. They are planted already on a permanent place, combining organic and mineral fertilizers.
Children can grow and at home, in a pot, but then you need to increase the amount of fertilizing and in summer put it on the street, to fresh air.
If you can not wait to see the flowering of the acididers, wintering, excavated nodules can be planted in the pot in February-March , provide them with warmth and light, and send them to the open ground in May, when the frosts pass. So the flowering will come much earlier. You can leave the flower to grow further in a pot, pot in the garden or at home. When growing acidader at home, the soil should be nutritious, include leaf earth, humus, peat, turf, sand. The transplant is mandatory every year.
Watering the acidifier is needed moderate, but the land must always remain moist, it is necessary to find a balance so as not to pour and not to dry the flower.
Acidanter is a tuber plant in order to obtain abundant flowering, to multiply it, it is necessary to provide good nutrition to the tubers. Before planting, mineral and organic fertilizers are introduced into the soil, and the plant is fed after the end of flowering. When the acidander fades, the stems and part of the foliage are removed, leaving only large lower leaves. So the tuber will gain strength and at the end of the season it can be digged or left for wintering in the ground.
During bloom, wilted flowers should be removed, this will prolong flowering and preserve the attractiveness of the plant.
Tuberculosis atidanters often suffer from putrefactive diseases. When extracting tubers from the ground, carefully inspect them, treat them for prevention or treatment with special preparations against rot and mold - fungicides.
Large tubers of acidanters may well overwinter in the ground, for this the soil is mulched with peat, fallen leaves and needles. Also for the winter make a reliable shelter of cardboard, wooden boxes, fir branches. Snowy, even frosty winter is not so terrible to this African beauty, as winter with thaws. With the appearance of moisture, the tuber and soil around it absorb water, and subsequent frosts turn it into ice, as a result the tuber freezes and dies. If you do not want to risk, then just dig up the acidander for the winter, and plant it in the spring.
It is not recommended that be disposed of for more than five years. The bulbs are dug for wintering before the onset of cold weather. The upper leaves are removed, the lower leaves are left, the tuber is dried-kept in a dry heat at 20 degrees. After the leaves dry completely, they remove it, cut off the rootlets and the tubers are sent to a box with peat, sand or wrapped in paper. Store them in a well-ventilated cool place, it is important that there is no moisture, otherwise mold may appear.