White spots on the child's teeth

White spots on the child Caring parents pay much attention to the state of their child's teeth, because healthy teeth are not only a beautiful smile, but also a good digestion. What to do if the child's teeth turn black, it's clear to all parents, but why do not all the white spots appear on the child's teeth and what to do with it?


White spots on the teeth are the areas of demineralization of tooth enamel, in this place the top layer starts to break down and if you do not stop this process in time, you can lose a healthy tooth.

White spots on the teeth of the child can appear for a variety of reasons - from vitamin deficiency to caries and before starting treatment, you need to determine exactly the cause of destruction of tooth enamel.

The most common causes of the appearance of white spots on the teeth in children

1. Caries - oddly enough, caries begins not only with black, but sometimes with a white spot. A small area of ​​the destroyed tooth enamel becomes an "entrance

gate" for the penetration of bacteria and organic acids, which gradually destroy the tooth. With caries small spots, the enamel on the teeth becomes less shiny, darkens, and the stain on the tooth looks like chalky.

2. Hypoplasia of enamel is the most common cause of appearance of white spots on the teeth of young children. The metabolic disorder, which often begins during the intrauterine period, leads to the fact that the child's body does not receive all the necessary substances for the formation of tooth enamel, because of which it becomes thin, fragile and easily destroyed. Causes of hypoplasia can be severe toxicosis of pregnant women, infectious and chronic diseases of the mother during the period of gestation, weak immunity, metabolic diseases, hypovitaminosis, malnutrition, rickets, anemia and other illnesses that the child suffered during the first years of life. When hypoplasia affects several teeth at the same time, on the teeth, in addition to large areas of white color, you can see strips, depressions and irregularities, and the teeth themselves are uneven or irregularly shaped.

3. Fluorosis is a disease caused by excess fluoride in the child's body. More often from fluorosis suffer inhabitants of endemic areas in which the maintenance of fluorine in water is strongly increased. Fluorosis usually develops in school-age children, who have white stripes and spots on their teeth, most often the front teeth - incisors or canines - are affected.

4. Injuries to - often the cause of the formation of white spots on the teeth in the child are minor injuries. Bruising, falling, punching - any strong effect on tooth enamel can cause its damage and destruction. Moreover, such violations become visible only after a considerable time, sometimes only after a few years.

5. Orthodontic treatment of - prolonged wearing of braces, braces or other orthodontic devices often results in damage to neighboring teeth, those on which staples or rings are attached. Due to the fact that the saliva does not get to the tooth areas, and the food remains in the depressions, the enamel quickly deteriorates in the places of attachment and if not all the rules for the care of the braces are observed, the teeth first appear white and then black spots.

What to do if there are white spots on the teeth

If there are white spots on the teeth of the child, it is necessary to urgently contact the dentist, a qualified doctor will help to determine the exact cause of their appearance and prescribe the appropriate treatment:

  • with caries - the teeth clean and restore the outer layer of enamel;
  • when wearing braces or braces - if necessary, another model is chosen and the enamel of the tooth is cleaned, and to prevent such situations in the future, the dentist will recommend a set of special measures for the care of orthodontic devices;
  • with fluorosis - comprehensive treatment and prevention is carried out, in particular, the child is prohibited from drinking tap water and brushing his teeth with paste containing fluoride. Depending on the degree of damage to the tooth enamel, a special treatment is performed - rememeralizing therapy, in which the enamel is saturated with calcium and fluoride;superimposed on the teeth of special applications or whitening enamel. In more severe cases, the restoration of destroyed areas with the use of composite materials is used;
  • with hyperplasia and - unfortunately, the changes that occur with hyperplasia of tooth enamel are irreversible, so the main goal of the treatment is to stop the process of tooth decay and to repair the damaged enamel. For this purpose, teeth are remeneralized, enamel silvering or fluoridation;
  • with injuries of - if only the superficial part of the tooth is damaged, it is restored by saturation of the enamel with calcium or fluorine, and if a part of the enamel or the entire tooth has been split off, a reconstructive treatment is performed.
  • VN: F [1.9.22_1171]
    instagram viewer