We are all used to the fact that strawberries belong to the category of seasonal berries and appear in the garden around the second half of June. However, in many countries of the world this delicacy is served to the table all year round. Moreover, strawberries are available not only to wealthy people, but also to those whose income level leaves much to be desired. Such a berry, grown on Dutch technology, does not differ from the one collected on the usual bed, but it is much cheaper and is available even in winter. What is the secret of the popularity of such strawberries, and why is it very profitable to grow it today?
Features of the Dutch technology
Strawberry from the greenhouse is still considered a wonder for summer residents, who are accustomed to harvest this fragrant berry only in the summer. However, their Dutch colleagues have already adapted themselves to collect strawberries every 2 months regardless of the season of the year .They simply grow it in enclosed spaces. It can be a g
At the same time, you can not worry about the fact that due to weather conditions up to 30% of the berries die, and not hitting the table, as happens in the usual garden. No need to worry about pollination of strawberries during flowering, because uses special self-pollinating varieties for growing in a greenhouse. In addition, thanks to the preliminary steaming of the substate, which is necessarily carried out if you buy soil, it is possible to protect strawberries from pests, which is almost impossible to achieve if planted in open ground.
How to equip a place for growing strawberries?
If it is a question of creating your own business, then in this case it is advisable to build solid greenhouses from plexiglas, to supply them with an autonomous irrigation and heating system. However, you can start a business from an ordinary greenhouse on a homestead that is covered with polyethylene film, because after harvesting it will still be empty, at least until the middle of winter, and this time can be used with profit. However, at first it is necessary to build a kind of shelving on which bags with strawberry sprouts are placed. It is best for these purposes to take not individual kulechki, but rather large packages, which are usually used for transportation of loose building materials, sugar and cereals. Such a 2/3 package is filled with a substate, tied, and then stacked on the rack and slightly pressed down so that the soil is evenly distributed. Now it remains to do in the package holes with a diameter of no more than 12-15 cm, spaced from each other at a distance of 10 cm. These are the wells into which the strawberry shoots will be planted. As a rule, one bag is designed for 7-8 bushes, from which, with proper care per year, you can collect up to 30-40 kg of berries. Even if you have a very modest greenhouse, then by installing racks in several tiers on both sides, you can place up to 20-30 such bags. The simplest mathematical calculations will determine which harvest you can collect, and how much profit it will bring to you.
For personal needs, strawberries based on Dutch technology can be grown on an ordinary glazed balcony .In this case, from the end, one multi-level rack is placed, on which you can place 4-5 packages. Well, if you do not plan to invest quite a lot of money in a similar horticultural experiment, you can install two ordinary stools on the balcony, on which the package is packed. By collecting the first harvest, you will probably reconsider your attitude to this technology and turn your balcony into a real strawberry greenhouse.
Little tricks of the big harvest
Beginners are best to start growing strawberries on Dutch technology in the autumn, when the prices for seedlings are quite acceptable, and soil and fertilizers can be purchased without much difficulty. Indeed, it is at this time of year, all summer residents with a sigh of relief, as the harvesting is completed, and before the season is still at least 4-5 months. At you the basic work only begins, after all it is necessary to put in order a premise for a strawberry, to prepare a substate, packages and saplings. They are taken in a new place quite well, you only need to water them daily with the first week.
If you want to get a fresh strawberry to the New Year's table, then it should be planted at the end of October. When the shoots get stronger, the watering is reduced to 2-3 times a week, provided that the temperature in the room is not below + 16-18 degrees. To make berries large, add fertilizer every week to .In this case, care must be taken that the light day in the period from the moment of flowering to the very ripening of berries is at least 10 hours.
The financial side of the business
Of course, if you want to become a millionaire by growing strawberries all year round, then you will have to take care of a good start-up capital. Suppose you have absolutely nothing to organize a greenhouse. If you start from scratch, the costs will average from $ 30 to 40 per 10 square meters.m of the sowing area .This amount includes the cost of film for greenhouses, seedlings, soil and fertilizers, as well as heating and lighting costs. Subsequently, on seedlings, you can save a lot, as several times a year your strawberry will give shoots - the so-called mustache, which is plucked and planted separately as an independent bush. Primer should be changed more often than once every 2-3 years. However, in order to verify its quality, absence of parasites and toxins, it is recommended to take samples of the substate every 6 months to the laboratory, which will also have to be paid for. Nevertheless, even taking into account all the costs, growing strawberries on Dutch technology is very profitable both for themselves and for sale.