A home decorative kalamondin tree is often popularly called "small mandarins" and is simply considered a dwarf variant of a mandarin tree. In fact, calamondin is a hybrid of mandarin tree and fortunella and has the second correct name for citrofortunella .At home, it is grown because of its valuable decorative qualities, firstly, it is an evergreen plant with a beautiful, dense, shiny foliage, and secondly, with proper care, Kalamondin fructifies practically all year round, bright orange fruits last long and look veryattractive. In this form, Citrofortunella is a magnificent decoration of any interior. Care for calamondin is not very difficult, so buy this plant without fear, if you want to bring bright colors to your life: you will cope with simple recommendations, and your green friend will grow well, blossom abundantly and bear fruit.
How to care for kalamodin
Kalamondin is light-loving enough, for good and rapid growth it needs bright diffused sunlight. At home, to achieve the
Citrofortunella remarkably tolerates standard room conditions, but it is desirable to provide the plant with summer and winter. In the summer, the temperature should be within 24-30 degrees, in the winter - about 15-18.With such a natural and natural temperature difference, Kalamondin will blossom well and bear fruit.
Call kalamondin a flower strongly dependent on air humidity, but from regular spraying with soft water it will only get better. It is good to place citrofortunella near natural air humidifiers - aquariums or fountains, also the plant feels fine in the kitchen, there is usually air more moist, warm, steamy.
To water tsitrofontunella it is necessary as necessary. This is a fairly hygrophilous plant, but in the end it all depends on the size of the flower, the development of the root system, and the quality of the soil. It is recommended to allow the top layer of the soil to dry a little between waterings, but the soil must remain moist inside the pot. Overdrying the soil will negatively affect the flowering and fruiting, with a lack of moisture, you risk finding your crop crumbling on the windowsill.
Kalamondin needs a medium of medium lightness, nutritious, without clay. Suitable earth from sod land, leaf or greenhouse, humus, river sand. You can add a few needles or mashed sphagnum moss. The substrate must absorb and dispense water well, it is impossible that it stagnates to the depth of the pot, this will severely damage the roots and lead to the appearance of fungal diseases.
Calamondin is recommended to be transplanted once a year, as the plant takes all nutrients from the soil for flowering and fruiting. There is a sense to change the soil of a store plant, it can be oversaturated with fertilizers or be already in front of the strongly depleted. Transplantation is carried out at the end of winter or early spring, it is important to have time before the plant starts to actively grow or blossom .A new pot is chosen for the size of the root system, 2-3 cm more. When transplanting, the ground from the roots is neatly shaken, trying not to damage them.
When transplanting, they also carry out trimming of the crown, at other times it should not be done. It is compulsory to provide a quality drainage layer for water drainage, it should be not less than 5 cm.
For fertilizer use special means for citrus, foliar( spray on the crown) or for application together with irrigation. Cytrofortunella is fertilized mainly during the period of active growth and flowering, from March to September, once every two weeks.
Propagation of Kalamondin by cuttings and seeds. Get the seeds at home is difficult, because the fruits do not fully mature. Cuttings cut at pruning in early spring , the cut is dried, dipped into a medium with phytohormones and planted in the soil with a high percentage of river sand. On top of the cuttings cover with a package or a glass jar to make a hothouse. Rooting is not easy, so it is recommended to plant several cuttings at once.
Diseases and pests of
From pests of Kalamondin can infect a spider mite, whitefly, aphids.
Leaves in citrofortunella can fall from too dry air , insufficient irrigation or draft.
Dropped, soft, twisted leaves are a sign of hypothermia or severe drought.
Small, curved leaves indicate the presence of pests or strong starvation of the flower - you need to replace the soil.