Haworthia is a popular succulent plant in the family floriculture from the family of asphodel. The flower received its name from its discoverer, an English botanist scientist who studied the vegetation of tropical Africa - E. Havort. In its homeland haworthia grows in arid regions, but chooses not exposed areas under the scorching sun, but those where there is a shadow from trees and shrubs. Like all succulents, haworthia has fleshy leaves and a special root system, this structure allows it to endure long periods without moisture. For the flower growers, this plant is attractive precisely because of its foliage - long, strongly pointed, covered with scales or outgrowths. The rosette is formed directly from the ground, Haworthia does not have a stem or it is very short. The color of the leaves can be different, there are very interesting, variegated varieties. Sometimes at home, the plant blooms, but since the flowers are small and unattractive, it is recommended to immediately remove the flower stem,
Care for this succulent is traditional and not very complicated, but there are also some special features. At home, three types of haworthia are most commonly grown: Reynvardt, pearl and striped.
Haworthia reinwardtii can be recognized by the face and the underside of the sheet - it is smooth from the top and covered with transverse growths from the bottom. If the leaves rise up, the leaves appear striped. This species is very large, grows up to 15-20 cm in height.
Haworthia margaritifera is so called because its leaves on both sides are covered with round white-pearled tubercles, similar to pearls. Leaves about 8 cm in length, dense, fleshy.
Haworthia striped( Haworthia fasciata) rosette has a diameter of up to 15 cm, and leaves 5-10 cm long, narrow and dark green, with underside covered with outgrowths.
How to care for the hobby
Despite the fact that the homeland of Haworthia is the African tropics, bright sunshine this plant does not like .On a sunny southern window, brown spots may appear on the leaves - burns, and their ends and edges may also dry. Lighting should be bright enough, diffused, but without direct sunlight, the western or eastern side is best suited. In the north, with high probability of haworthia, there will be not enough light, which will slow down its growth and development.
Haworthia can tolerate high enough temperatures, but it is optimal to keep this plant at 23-25 degrees. Moderate temperature is good for her and does not cause any problems in nursing. At high temperatures, the plant tries to retain strength and slows its growth to save water and nutrients. Havortia needs wintering, in a period of rest with a lower temperature, about 10-13 degrees. At the same time, the lighting should remain the same - bright and scattered.
Humort air humidity does not matter much for Haworthia, it rises remarkably where air is too dry for other plants. Increased humidity can be even harmful to her and lead to decay of the leaves. Spray or wash the plant is not necessary, the dust from the leaves is gently removed with a damp soft cloth or sponge. It must be ensured that water does not get into the middle of the rosette or the sinuses of the leaves.
Watering haworthia moderately and neatly, at room temperature, it is enough to humidify the soil 1-2 times a week .Before watering, you need to touch the ground, the top layer should be dry. In natural conditions, havortia normally tolerates drought, it is better not to experiment in domestic animals and not to deprive the plant of moisture for a long time. Although this is the flower that will wait for you from vacation in integrity and safety.
transplantation of Haworthia is a compact plant that does not grow much, so transplantation is carried out early in the spring when a pot or soil needs to be replaced. A large pot she does not need, in slightly cramped conditions it grows even better. The capacity is chosen shallow, make a good layer of drainage. For beauty, you can plant several haworthy bush in one pot, just do not place them too close, so that when the sockets grow, they do not interfere with each other.
For Haworthia, a weakly acidic, slightly clayey soil is needed, with the addition of greenhouse, foliage or turf. In the substrate can be added river sand or brick crumb. Clay soil has the property of sagging and compacting over time, sand or brick crumbs will prevent it. It is also recommended to periodically loosen the soil in the pot, so that it retains its usual density.
Haworthia is fertilized only in the period of active growth, that is, from March to October. For fertilizing use complex mineral fertilizers for succulents, which are brought together with watering not more than once a month. Overabundance of nutrients will only harm the plant. In the period of rest, haworthia does not need additional feeding.
Haworthia multiplies by seeds, "babies" and leaf cuttings. Reproduction by seeds is a long and time-consuming process, it is rarely used at home. By spring on Haworthia, "babies" or daughter outlets are often formed, with or without .They can be easily separated and planted in a separate pot. A baby without roots must first be rooted in moist sand. Leaf stalk before rooting is dried for several days, and after it is also planted in moist sand.
Havortia: diseases and pests
Havortia is prone to decay, you must gently water the plant, trying not to get into the middle of the outlet, during the transplantation do not forget about the drainage layer so that the water does not stagnate, between waterings let the ground dry out.
The spots on leaves appear from sunburn or as a result of overfeeding with fertilizers.
When there is a lack of lighting, havortia loses its appeal, looks sluggish, leaves drop and grow smaller.
From the pests of haworthia, it can be affected by a scab, a mealy worm.