Calla can be called a flower ambiguous. Some perceive them solely as mourning flowers, others admire their strictness and elegance. Callas are widely used in landscape design, and just in the garden in the group or individually look very interesting. Around them there are many rumors, gardeners are arguing about the complexity of care for callas, some say that there is nothing easier, others already do not know what to do to grow these flowers. Learn all the subtleties of planting and care for callas, and you will never have problems with them.
Calla is a genus of herbaceous perennial plants of the Aronian family( or Aroids).Conventionally callas can be divided into white and colored, this will be a division not only in color, but also from a botanical point of view. White callas are called Ethiopian, they are high - up to one and a half meters in height. Their homeland is Africa. Colored callas are small, grow to a maximum of 0.5 m and have a large area of growth( South and North America, Afric
It is interesting that the flower calla, or rather what we take for it, is just a bract of , the so-called covering sheet, in the middle of which there is an inflorescence in the form of an ear. Real flowers are small and unattractive, but they have a pleasant vanilla flavor.
When planting callas on its site it is important to remember that in these colors has a high content of alkaloids and glycosides, therefore they are very toxic , especially for animals. Callu can be called an extremely persistent flower, which tolerates almost any changes with a minus sign, but still continues to bloom.
Planting callas must be started in advance, with the choice of planting material. Carefully study the tubers, they should be even, healthy. If there are rotten places, then they must be cut, the tubers should be soaked in the solution of the fungicide, and after drying the slice and sprinkle with crushed coal. The size of the tub depends on the size of the tuber and the number of peduncles. Therefore, if you want to cut a lush bloom, buy large tubers. Small must necessarily be planted in the ground, so that they will gain strength and grow up.
Callas prefer shady places, the open sun is not for them. They will feel good on the western, north-western side, under large trees. In the sun, calla will grow greenery, and flowering may never occur. This, incidentally, is the mistake of many gardeners who have chosen for their callas a very sunny place on the site.
Primer callas prefer loose, nutritious, sour. Ordinary garden land is prepared for planting callas by applying peat, humus and sand. Callas in nature grow near water bodies, they are very fond of water. But when growing in the garden should be afraid of stagnation of moisture. To prevent this, the soil should be loose, without clay, if you doubt its quality - make a drainage layer.
The tubers of callas are planted close to the surface, it is enough to cover them and sprinkle them with a layer of 2-3 cm thick earth. When planting, it is important not to mix up the top and bottom of the nodule. Tuber planted rosette up, and rudiments of rootlets - down. The interval between large tubers should be about 30-40 cm.
When planting, the soil must be wet. Immediately after watering the beds you can not, watering starts gradually and gradually, but you must make sure that the land does not dry out.
You can plant calla on seedlings and immediately into the ground. The difference is that the seedlings bloom a little earlier. On seedling nodules plant in late March or early April , and in the open ground transplanted in May, already grown plants. Immediately in the open ground callas planted in late April or mid-May , when the weather becomes stable and winter frosts completely go away.
At home, calla grows much worse, but with proper care, the flower can be successfully grown at home.
Calla is very important for watering. Take care that the soil never dries up, but also the ground should be ventilated, stagnant water will negatively affect the plant, can destroy the tubers.
Fertilizers are of great importance, fertilizers should be introduced at all stages of growth, they will ensure good flowering, growth and reproduction of tubers. But be careful with the organic, it helps build up the green mass and inhibits flowering. Apply organic fertilizers better immediately after planting the tubers and after flowering. Top dressing is done together with watering. Three times in the summer callals are watered with acidified vinegar or lemon water.
Calla can be propagated by seeds, tubers or division of rhizomes( in some species).Reproduction by seeds is not only a complex method, but a long one - flowering you will not see soon.
To make the calla more willing to grow tubers, in spring, when planting, try to plant the tubers so that the hillocks, growth points, were on top, and the rounded flat side is at the bottom. Then there is a possibility that several growth points will immediately wake up and new tubers will form.
For wintering, callas are sent already at the end of September or when the first nocturnal frosts occur( depending on the region).The bushes are excavated directly with the leaves, leave them at room temperature for 7-10 days, then the leaves and roots are cut off. In winter, the tubers are stored in a cool, dry, dark place.