Those who have a backyard or garden know how much work it takes to remove a rich crop of vegetables or fruits.
In addition to watering or weeding, special emphasis is placed on fertilizer application.
To grow vegetables without nitrates and chemicals, truck farmers try to use natural fertilizers. Raw materials for fertilizer, rich in all trace elements, necessary for plant growth, there is almost every vegetable garden. This nettles.
After all, nettle is a storehouse of vitamins and microelements. And it is necessary not only for human health, but also for normal plant growth.
How to harvest nettle for fertilization
Nettle for fertilizer is desirable for harvesting before flowering and seed formation. During the summer, you can get up to two cuttings of this plant. In order not to burn with numerous burning hairs, they work in gloves. The plant should be without signs of disease and all kinds of pests.
How to make a nettle fertilizer
Nettle is chopped together with stems and plac
Fill with water so that it covers the plant completely, but necessarily leaving room for fermentation.
The container is closed loosely with a film for a little air access, in which fermentation is better.
The mixture must be stirred daily to separate and volatilize the gases. The container with the future fertilizer should be put away from the living area, as its contents exude an unpleasant smell. Someone compares it to the smell of the stables, and someone finds it similar to the smell of foul water from under the flower bouquet.
To not smell so sharp , the root of valerian or a handful of ash is added to the contents of the container.
By the way, ash is rich in phosphorus and potassium. But it must be remembered that ash is an alkaline fertilizer, and if the soil has an alkaline reaction, ashes are not added to the fertilizer.
For fast fermentation, the container should stand in the sun. Then the fermentation can end in a week. But on cold and rainy days, fermentation lasts up to three weeks.
As soon as the fermentation of the mixture is stopped and the contents of the barrel settles to the bottom, the liquid is filtered, and the thicket is used for composting.
For preparation of fertilizer not only fresh nettle, but also dried ( chemist's or harvested in the past year) is suitable.
If you use dry nettles, then 200-250 grams of raw materials take a bucket of water. Content is insisted for two weeks, and then filtered.
A good fertilizer is obtained from a mixture of herbs, when nettle, yarrow, shepherd's bag is added to the nettle.
How to use liquid fertilizer from nettle
Like any other fertilizer, this concentrated liquid must be diluted with water before use.
If it is necessary to conduct a radical top dressing, the fertilizer from the nettle is diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10.
For fertilizing above-ground parts of plants, fertilizer of a weaker concentration is used, that is, it is diluted with water in a proportion of 1:20.
Feed the plants about once every two weeks. Before applying fertilizer to the soil or before spraying the plant should be well watered.
Which plants can be watered with nettle fertilizer
Plants receiving fertilizer from the nettle grow faster. They are less susceptible to all kinds of diseases and the invasion of garden pests. Such plants are well-fruitful and yield a rich harvest.
Virtually all plants react well to nettle fertilizer. The only exception is onion, garlic and all legumes.
With such fertilizer you can feed not only garden plants, but also indoor flowers. But we must remember that the fertilizer has a strong unpleasant odor, so it is better to carry out top dressing in the fresh air.
Fertilizer from nettles for seeds
For this, you need to pour a teaspoon of dried nettle with a glass of boiling water and insist for two hours. Then strain. If you hold the seeds in this solution for two hours, then their germination and further growth will increase significantly.
Some gardeners, before sowing seeds in the holes or grooves, put just the cut nettle( without seeds) on the bottom, and already on it - the seeds of vegetable crops. Then they all fall asleep on the ground. Even in the absence of rain, seed germination is almost 100%, because they receive from nettles not only moisture, but also nutrients. And especially nitrogen.
Nitrogen is needed for the development and growth of plants.
Nitrified fertilizer from nettle
One kilogram of fresh nettle leaves is mixed with two tablespoons of fuller's earth or talc, added ten liters of water and mixed. Ten days later the nitrogenous fertilizer will be ready. The concentrate is diluted in the same way as the nettle fertilizer: 1:10 for the basal top dressing and 1:20 for spraying.
How to cook ash from nettles
For ashes it is better to use ripe nettles with thick stems.
This nettle is cut with a pruner and then dried for 3-4 days.
Then dry nettle is collected by a hill and set on fire. Ash from nettle is light, bluish.
In such a sol, up to 30 microelements and about 40% of potassium. It can completely replace mineral fertilizer.
Soil enrichment with nettles
After harvesting, the sloped nettle should be spread out in a layer of 30-35 cm. Then sprinkle with peat.
In the spring, a layer of nettle to dig with the ground and you can plant vegetables. Thanks to this method, the earth receives a new portion of organic matter.
Also from the nettle is a good compost. For this, it is necessary to mix ten parts of the nettle of the first cut and one part of the fertile land. Blend the mixture, cover and leave for a month. Then add the Baikal-EM1 solution. It is a microbiological fertilizer, in which there are bacteria of photosynthesis, as well as yeast, cell and lactic bacteria.
By autumn the compost decomposes, turning into a black mass. It is evenly distributed throughout the garden area. In this layer there are all the microelements necessary for the normal growth of plants, which constitute soil fertility: phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen, humus, etc.
As the saying goes, all ingenious is simple! If carefully and carefully treated with what nature itself gives, you can get a good harvest of vegetables and fruits every year, which are grown in ecologically clean conditions.