Abortive tablets are medications for the interruption of pregnancy in the early stages. Abortion, carried out with the help of such pills, is also called medication.
Abortive tablets - how long do they use?
A pregnant woman can make an abortion as she wishes, if her "interesting position" does not exceed 12 weeks. To date, there are three methods of termination of pregnancy in the early stages: medication, vacuum and surgical( "scraping").The safest method is medication. Here and the question arises: "Up to what period do abortive tablets apply?".
It is allowed to interrupt unwanted pregnancy with abortive pills for up to 6 weeks. The less pregnancy will be, the more effective is the medical abortion. At a later date, abortive tablets are not used, since the risk of negative consequences is high.
Advantages of medical abortion
Abortion with abortive pills is a relatively safe method, as there is no surgical intervention in the woman's body. Therefore, medical abortion has advantages over ot
- does not need to use anesthesia;
- does not injure the cervix and uterine mucosa;
- there is no risk of infection of the genitals;
- is accompanied by a moderate pain syndrome;
- the probability of infertility due to abortion is minimized.
Abortion pills are the best method to terminate pregnancy in nulliparous women, since they do not subsequently affect the reproductive function of the genital organs, and a month after the procedure the menstrual cycle is restored.
Medical abortion does not require special training, it is enough to examine the gynecologist and conduct an ultrasound( ultrasound).The effectiveness of the action of abortive tablets for up to 6 weeks is 95 - 98%.
How does medical abortion occur?
A pregnant woman takes abortive pills once in the presence of a doctor. The dose to be drunk at a time is 600 mg.mifepristone( 3 tablets of 200 mg.).After that the patient is under the supervision of medical personnel for 2 hours, then she is released home. Mifepristone provokes fetal death, stimulates the growth of the endometrium and restores its sensitivity to oxytocin( a hormone that promotes contractile activity of the uterus).After 36 to 48 hours after taking abortive pills, a woman orally takes Misoprostol 600 μg( prostaglandin).The uterus begins to vigorously contract and the fruit is expelled from the uterine cavity.
After 1 to 2 weeks after medical abortion, a woman should come to the gynecologist for an examination and make a control ultrasound so that the doctor can make sure that the fetus has completely left the uterus.
Consequences of medical abortion
Termination of pregnancy is a stress for the body, regardless of how it happened: taking abortive tablets, "scraping", vacuum aspiration. Of course, medical abortion is the safest method, but it can also have negative consequences:
- progression of pregnancy( no rejection of the fetal egg);
- there was incomplete abortion( part of the fetal egg remained in the uterus);
- profuse uterine bleeding;
- pain sensations of different intensity in the area of the uterus;
- allergic reaction;
- increases blood pressure.
If, after taking abortive pills, there was no complete abortion( a fetal egg or a part of it remained in the uterus), a woman urgently needs to make a "scraping".To prevent inflammation and / or infection of the uterus.
Separately I want to note that if a pregnant woman who decided to have a medical abortion nurses a baby, she will have to cancel breastfeeding for up to 14 days, from the moment of taking the tablets.
Contraindications to the use of abortive tablets
Abortion pills, like any drug, have contraindications for use:
- suspected ectopic pregnancy;
- pregnancy for a period of more than 6 weeks;
- pregnancy, unconfirmed by clinical studies;
- pregnancy, occurred with the presence of an intrauterine device or after the termination of hormonal contraception;
- inflammatory diseases of the genitals;
- presence of a scar on the uterus after the operation;
- uterine fibroids;
- clotting disorder;
- inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- chronic adrenal insufficiency;
- treatment with anticoagulants;
- hemorrhagic disorders;
- long-term therapy with corticosteroids;
- is over 35 years of age;
- hypersensitivity to mifepristone.
Names of abortive tablets and where to buy them? The names of abortive tablets are different: Mifolian( China), Mifeprex( Russia), Mifegin( France), Pencrofton( Russia), but the active substance in all tablets is one - mifepristone.
A pregnant woman does not need to know the name of abortive tablets, since they can not be bought on a free sale. They are not sold at the pharmacy even by prescription. You can get these medications only from a gynecologist, after the examination( examination and ultrasound) and they are taken by a woman in his presence.
Reviews about abortive tablets
Reviews about abortive tablets can be read on the Internet at numerous "women's" forums. Some write that the pills helped them 100%, and no negative consequences were observed, others that they had incomplete abortion, and had to go to the hospital and do a "scraping".It must be understood that every woman, leaving her feedback about abortive tablets, at the forum shares only her experience in this matter. And if 10 medical abortions were successful, this does not mean that 11 will be the same and vice versa. Every woman has her own individual organism and no one, even a doctor, can predict in advance what will be the consequences of medical abortion.