Many small children have difficulty developing their speech skills. Often for parents, this becomes a real problem. But in most cases, there is no reason for panic. Small problems with the development of the speech of the baby the parents can quite solve independently, without the help of a speech therapist. For this, there are special exercises for the speech of the child. They are simple in execution and can be performed with any baby.
Exercises for child's speech development: recommendations to parents
First of all, parents should be sure whether the baby has any abnormalities in the anatomical structure of the articulatory apparatus. This may be a deviation in the growth and development of the teeth, an incorrect arrangement of the upper teeth relative to the lower ones. Therefore, before the beginning of the classes, it is better to have an examination with a doctor.
Parents should pay special attention to the hearing of the child. Even with a slight decrease in hearing, the baby can not no
In order for exercises to develop a child's speech to stimulate the development of his speech skills, you need to take into account some of the recommendations of specialists:
- Duration. The most optimal duration for a child is 2-3 years - 15 minutes a day. If the duration is longer, the child will lose interest in the exercises, will be distracted and irritable.
- A game approach to exercises. A child at such an age is better at perceiving information in a playful form.
- More variety. Babies quickly get bored with monotony. The form of giving information, performing exercises must constantly change.
- Comfortable learning environment. It is clear that classes must take place in a calm, pleasant environment for the child. Small children parents can put themselves on their knees, children older - on the contrary. It is important that the adult was on the same level with the baby, could look into his eyes.
- In no case can the development of the child's speech be accelerated. It is harmful for a toddler to load complicated speech material, to make him memorize incomprehensible words to him.
The development of speech is a complex of activities that includes communication, massage, exercises for the child's speech, exercises for the development of fine motor skills, games.
Exercises for the development of the speech skills of the child 2 years
All the exercises for the speech of the child 2 years can be divided by focus on the solution of a particular problem. Consider these exercises.
Exercises that develop speech breathing.
"Snowflakes".Give the child a small piece of fluffy fleece. Explain to him that this is a snowflake that flies when you blow it. Blow off the cotton wool from the palm of your hand and invite him to blow on the snowflake. Pay attention to the baby, that it is necessary to blow the rounded lips, smoothly, while breathing through the spout. You can compare when the "snowflake" flies higher, longer.
«Smell the flower».Sometimes children confuse the concept of inhaling and exhaling. Invite the child to sniff the flower, taking a deep breath in his nose. After that, exhale, accompanying the exhalation with the sound "a".
Exercises for developing the pace of speech and voice.
"Loud-quiet".Take pair toys of different sizes, for example, a small and large dog. Show them to the baby and say: "The big dog barking loud! Av-aw! "The child repeats loudly:" Av-aw! "" The little dog is barking quietly, av-av. "The kid quietly repeats: "Av-av."Then remove the toys and show in turn a large and small dog, asking the child how each of them barks.
"Do not wake the doll."Prepare a doll, it is better with closing eyes, its crib, small toys, a box for toys. Put the doll to sleep and ask the child to put the toys in the box without waking it up. Each toy, which the kid puts in a box, he must quietly call.
Exercises for a child's speech for 2 years to form the correct sound.
"In the courtyard".Prepare pictures that depict poultry and animals. Show the picture of the baby and say, for example: "Here's a hen cackling: co, ko, ko," and so on. After imagining all the characters, show the pictures and ask the child to repeat who produces the sounds.
Exercises for the child's speech 3 years
Up to three years, most children have a large vocabulary and phrase speech. But many of them still speak indistinctly and indistinctly.
Exercises for a child's speech for 3 years include different activities. Let's consider the main ones.
Articulatory gymnastics. These exercises help to develop coordinated and clear movements of the organs of the articulatory apparatus. You can perform the exercise "Shovel" with the child. Mom says: "We need to dig up potatoes, prepare shovels."At this time the tongue of the baby in a calm state lies on the lower lip. Then: "Digging potatoes."The child should lower and raise the tip of the tongue, closing the lower and then the upper lip.
tongue twisters and sayings. Their utterance improves the child's diction and enriches his vocabulary.
Picture description. Such an exercise perfectly develops the child's coherent speech. To carry out descriptions, you need to use bright, story pictures. A child needs to be interested, drawn into a dialogue, using, for example, such phrases "What would you do?", "What do you think?".If the kid responds monosyllabically or is at all difficult to answer, you need to tell him the correct answer.
"What would it mean?" Such exercises are aimed at improving the skills of oral speech, the development of logical thinking, fantasy. The essence of the lessons is that the child should explain the meaning of this or that phrase. It can be simple proverbs, sayings, phraseological units.
"Big-small".Such an exercise helps to increase the vocabulary of the baby, acquaintance with synonyms. It is better to use a book with bright pictures for lessons. You can, for example, show the baby a kitten and ask: "Is the kitten in the picture big or small?" The child should learn to answer with the complete sentence: "The kitten in the picture is small."