All parents want a child to grow up, intelligent and competent. To achieve results, you need to make an effort. Each child is different, but absolutely all children adore fascinating pursuits. You can start from the young age, gradually complicating the exercises for the development of the child.
Exercises for developing the memory of a child
A two-month-old baby already has a simple memory, that is, an instinctive memory. Recognition is the next stage of memory, the child begins to recognize Mom and Dad. In 7-8 months there is a memory. A one-year-old child remembers the information for three days. In three years he remembers what is happening in the last three months. It is at this time that memory needs to be developed. Of course, the development of memory depends on the child's living conditions, on education and upbringing.
A game for children is a great way to train memory. Even serious exercises for child development are better absorbed in the form of a game.
Consider the most effectiv
- Memorization of visual images and their reproduction. This is a fairly easy exercise. The child draws a certain image. For example, a person, a car, an animal. After the task is complicated. Ask to portray, for example, a cheerful person. After some time, the picture is asked to reproduce.
- The list of words of different subjects should be grouped according to a certain feature. For each group of words you can think of a story.
- Ask the child to associate a pair of words. You can choose words that are not related in meaning to each other. For example, a boy and a candy. A child should say, say, "the boy loves sweets" or "the boy dropped the candy."
- Read the text to the child and ask them to retell. You can complicate the exercise by offering to supplement the text and reflect the main idea of the text on paper.
The principle of all exercises is the development of associative thinking. If the exercises are given in the form of a game, the child will always be interested. The main thing is not to force a child, because the game is voluntary.
Exercises for training a child's attention
Attention is the ability to focus on a certain object, concentrate your thoughts. The development of the amount of attention is important for teaching writing, reading and numeracy skills.
The correct distribution of attention helps the child to learn the objects of the surrounding world without switching to extraneous elements. Stability of attention is needed for writing texts, solving problems, creating drawings, operating in the mind with concepts, schemes, and images. The child needs to learn how to form an internal plan of action. Attention is amenable to training.
Exercises for developing the child's attention:
Correction exercises .The child is offered any printed text. It is necessary to delete or underline the letters defined by the assignment. Then the rules become more complicated. For example, one letter should be circled in a circle, and the other marked with a tick. The duration of the lesson is 5 minutes. If the number of passes is more than four, then the concentration of attention in the child is weak.
Reproduction of the exact image of .The child is given a pattern - a certain sequence, numbers, letters. You need to repeat it exactly( for example, to the end of the line).
The digits are arranged in order of .The child is offered figures in ascending order or randomly. You need to arrange them in descending order.
Game of words .In each of the proposed words you need to find the word hidden in it. For example: wolf, laughter, pillar, regiment, spit, bison, strand, rod, set, road, prick, deer, tunic, patty.
Find the 10 differences between .The child is offered similar pictures. The pictures at first glance are exactly the same. But if you look carefully, you can find inconsistencies.
Exercises for training short-term memory and attention are aimed at memorizing the order of the objects and their number.
Note all. It is necessary to lay out a number of objects in a row. Ask the child to turn away. At this time, you can change items in places, remove some and add new ones. The task of the child is to determine what has changed.
Game search. The child must look around himself and call items of the same color, from the same material. You can search for items beginning with one letter.
The following exercises for developing the child's attention are based on training the ability to perform two different tasks.
Each hand is busy with its own business. With one hand, the child must turn the book and draw the second one.
A complicated account. The child pronounces the numbers in ascending order from 1 to 10. A writes in descending order. For example, says 1, and writes 10.
Exercises for development of fine motor skills of a child
Fine motor skills is the skill to deftly perform precise and small movements with your fingers.
It is associated with attention, vision, memory, the human nervous system. Since the speech and brain centers are located side by side, the development of speech and the development of fine motor skills are closely related. Classes are extremely important, because the development of fine motor skills is judged about the child's readiness for school. There are a lot of games for the development of sleight of hand in children. Below are the ones that children of all ages like:
Modeling .You can use clay, clay. All children, without exception, like to help my mother and make a dough.
Painting and drawing .The child should have in the arsenal of paint, pencils, markers. It is good to buy an easel for drawing on a vertical surface. You can paint, trace the outline of pictures from the dotted lines.
Collecting puzzles and mosaics .For small children it is better to choose large parts. Such games train thinking, imagination and fine motor skills.
Cutting out the .Children of all ages like to make their own hands. This is the best exercise for the development of small child's motor skills. Glue, cardboard, colored paper, scissors for this are simply necessary.
The main rules during classes with children
Follow the following rules when conducting classes with children:
- benevolent atmosphere;
- exercises for child development should be in the form of a game;
- occupation should not tire the child;
- time of the exercise for the development of the child no more than 10 minutes;
- loss should not discourage the pursuit of pursuits and cause feelings of dissatisfaction in the child.