In the first years of life the child actively learns the world, acquires new knowledge, skills. At an early age, children develop very quickly, they absorb large amounts of information. Up to 6-7 years old the kid should already have a coherent speech, be able to think logically, analyze, possess a developed imagination. Correctly come those parents who use developing games and exercises for the child in early and preschool years. Such activities greatly accelerate the physical, intellectual, psychological development of the baby, prepare it for the upcoming school loads.
Consider the most popular developing games and exercises for children of different age groups.
Developing games and exercises for children from two to four years
For children from two to four years there are many developing games and exercises. The tasks in them are aimed at the formation of certain skills and abilities of the child.
"Hit the target".Exercise develops orientation in space, perseverance, attention. Cut out a
"Dancing".This game contributes to the development of general motor skills, perception, attention, imagination, imagination. Include dance music. Warn the child that he can move as he wants. But when the music turns off, it should stop and do not move until it again starts to play. To die the kid should in that pose on which music has been interrupted.
«Movement of animals».A fun game that develops the child's communication skills, general motor skills, imagination. Read or tell the child about any animal, show it in the picture or video. Then ask the baby to paint this animal( gait, habits, sounds that it publishes).
"Fold the picture".The game develops the motor skills of children, assiduity, thinking. Cut out pictures from magazines with fruits, flowers, animals, objects. Cut the pictures into 2-4 parts, mix. Invite the baby to collect pictures.
"Describe the subject".Refers to games and exercises that develop vocabulary, logical thinking. Call the child any object( fruit, product) or phenomenon( rain, snow).The kid should pick up to the word as much as possible descriptions, characteristics. For example, an apple - sweet, fragrant, round, red.
Developing games and exercises for a child from four to six years
Tasks in developing games and exercises for a child of 4-6 years are more complex than for children of the previous age group. At this age, children begin to prepare for school education, put before them more complex tasks.
All exercises and games that are used for the development of children can be conditionally divided into groups, depending on their purpose.
Exercises that develop memory.
"Find the item".The child is offered to memorize objects, which are depicted in 3-4 pictures. He should call them out loud. After that, he needs to find their image in randomly scattered 10-12 pictures. Such an exercise is good for learning letters and numbers. You can use for this purpose a special cash register of letters and numbers.
"Draw an image".Call a word( subject, phenomenon, feeling) and invite the child to draw the image that he has. This should not necessarily be an image of the subject. Let the child show imagination. After dictating 4-7 words, ask him to name the words in the order in which you spoke them.
Exercises and games that develop speech and phonetic skills.
"The slap-clap".Call the child a word, having previously agreed with him, that hearing a word that starts on a certain sound, he will clap his hands. You can complicate the task by offering to clap at the word, which ends with a particular sound or, if this sound is in the middle of the word.
«Words-enemies».Suggest a kid to look for words that are opposite in meaning to those that you call( words-antonyms).For example, sweet - bitter, hot - cold, day - night, fun - sad.
"Compose the phrase."The child is offered to compose a small story( for 3-4 sentences) using the words mentioned. For example, the words: "green forest, ripe berry, a full basket, a cheerful song, a forest lake."
Exercises that develop thinking.
"Guess it!" Have the child imagine an animal, a bird, a vehicle. At the same time, he does not need to make sounds, it is necessary to depict only facial expressions and movements. Then change places, now the child must guess what the adult is depicting.
"Who will( what) will be?" The child is offered to answer who is what( what) will be. For example, an egg - a chicken, a turtle, snow - water, a boy - a man and so on.
Exercises and games that develop attention.
"Clap".Call the child a word, having agreed beforehand that he claps, if he hears the name of the flower. You can complicate the task, suggesting that you get up, if you call the word denoting the animal.
"Color your soul mate."Invite the baby to paint the second half of the picture, just like one of them is painted. A more complex version of the exercise involves finishing the second half of the picture, then paint it on the model of the first half.