The modern education system implies that a child who goes to the first grade must have a certain set of skills. There are many different developmental centers for the child, special groups for preparing the child for school. But, at the same time, parents can easily prepare a baby for the beginning of school. For this purpose, specialists have developed games and exercises to prepare for school.
Such exercises can be found quite a lot. Before drawing up the plan of studies and choosing the necessary exercises, it is worth familiarizing yourself with the basic requirements for the skills of a future first-grader. So, a child who goes to school must:
- be able to clearly pronounce the sounds of speech;
- can easily compose small sentences( from 4-5 words);
- be able to compose a description of the subject;
- memorize poems by heart;
- own pencils, scissors;
- be able to retell the listened text;
- distinguish between literary genres( poem, story, fairy tale);
- for 30-40 minutes not to be distracted by extraneous things;
- navigate in time and space;
- be able to select the desired sound in the word.
Based on the above requirements, parents should select games and exercises for the child to prepare for school.
Exercises for preparing a child for school
Exercises for school preparation are recommended to be performed every day for 15 minutes. It is important from the outset to interest the baby with such activities. For this, parents should conduct such exercises in a playful way, giving the child the opportunity to show initiative, imagination.
Here are the most popular exercises for preparing a child for school.
"Superfluous words".Call the baby words one by one. He must indicate which word does not fit the rest and why. For example, - apple, plum, pear, carrots( all the words of the name of the fruit, carrots - a vegetable).Begin with 4-5 words, gradually adding each lesson one word at a time. You can enter into a series of words two "wrong" words. This exercise develops the child's logical thinking.
"Correct words".Read( name) slowly to the child a few words that you can link logically with each other. The kid should reproduce them in any order. For example - a house, a sun, a crow, a pencil. Teach your child the associative memorization of words: "The sun shone on the house, a crow flew in, a pencil was carried away."Such an exercise develops memory and associative thinking in children.
"Getting Acquainted".Invite the child to tell about himself, as if he were introduced to a stranger. Exercise teaches the child coherent speech.
"Come up with a story."Ask the child to compose the story using the suggested words. For example, with words - a girl, a bird, a tree. Watch out for the kid to use additions, synonyms, in his story. Such an exercise for developing the thinking of younger schoolchildren and preschool children develops the child's coherent speech, his imagination.
"Give me an extra word".Repeat one word several times, using once instead of it, another, similar in sound. For example, a goat, a goat, a goat, a braid, a goat, a goat. The kid must repeat this "superfluous" word. This is a good exercise for the development of phonetic hearing.
"Opposite words".Invite the preschooler to call the opposite words to those you say. For example, cold - hot, summer - winter, dry - wet. When the child will get, go to more complex concepts that denote feelings and sensations( freezing - melting, greedy - generous, sad - cheerful).This exercise develops logical thinking and increases the vocabulary of the child.
«Words-friends».Name the word that is used to designate a phenomenon or object. A child should pick up as many analogs as possible to him, similar to him for different signs and properties. For example, the word "helicopter".It can be called "train", "bus"( vehicles), "butterfly", "bird"( fly).This exercise for the development of thinking of younger schoolchildren and preschoolers teaches us to distinguish in the subject its various properties, to classify phenomena according to their characteristics.
In addition to the exercises for preparing for school specialists have developed many games aimed at developing different skills of preschoolers.
Games for school preparation
Educational games are often more interesting for children than exercises. After all, they give the child the opportunity to get involved in the learning process, to show their wit, fantasy, artistry. Therefore, the teachers recommend that you enter in addition to the exercises also various games to prepare for the school.
"Mirror".Offer the child to be a mirror and repeat all the movements of the adult. Start with one movement, gradually adding others and leading to a sequence of movements. Change with the kid the role of the host, let him also come up with moves. This game is aimed at developing children's accuracy of movements and overall coordination.
"Gift".Give the kid an imaginary gift, showing facial expressions and gestures that you give him. The child must guess what you gave him. In the process of presenting a gift, you can show how it is used, what it is intended for. Then ask the kid to "give" you something, and you have to guess what kind of gift it is. Such a game develops the imagination of the child, the ability to concentrate, to think logically.
"What has changed?" Place on the table small items, such as a match, pencil, key chain. The total number of items should be about 10-15 pieces. Ask the child within 30 seconds to properly consider their location on the table. Then let the kid turn his back to the table, and in the meantime, swap 3-4 items. After this, the child must again look at the objects on the table for 30 seconds. Turning his back to the table, the kid tells what objects have moved to other places, naming what they are now lying next to. This game develops the child's visual memory, his coherent speech.