A child of primary school age for a full-fledged mastery of the school curriculum needs not the totality of knowledge acquired before, but the ability to make independent decisions, correctly state his thoughts, memorize and apply the material he has passed. At this age, children develop intellectually. Basic psychological functions, such as speech, thinking, memory, perception, develop to the fullest extent and become a controlled process. But without special exercises to develop thinking with the existing complex school program can not do.
Features of thinking of children of primary school age
The program of education of schoolchildren of lower grades includes such concepts as: identification of essential and nonessential characteristics, derivation of the effect, comparison, generalization, definition of the concept. If the child's mental abilities are not sufficiently developed, then the knowledge gained at school can not be assimilated in full - fragments. This, of course, affects his progress
- Identification of opposites( lean-fat, brave-coward)
- Presence of functional connections( forest and trees, bird and sky)
- Separation of part from the whole( glade - flower, snow- snowflake)
The introduction of the child into school life entails a number of difficulties. Too sharp change in the life of the child during this period. Therefore, dear adults, do not rely solely on the knowledge gained in school by your child and especially on the development of abilities based on the school curriculum. It is necessary to constantly engage in self-development, to study information about exercises for the development of thinking for schoolchildren. Constantly engage with the child, solve problems, problems, observe the world around him and share his impressions. The child organism that has not yet formed continues to understand the world and its perception may radically differ from yours. Formation of views and development of thinking is established at the stage of growing up. For example, if students in grade 1-2 highlight only the external signs of the action of the object( what does and for what), then to the third class, the children can describe the actions in more detail, find the combined features and compare different objects. For example: aspen and chamomile. They are different( size, shape, color), but they share their common characteristics - they are living organisms, they grow, they feed on moisture, breathe, reproduce.
Exercises for the development of logical thinking
The ability of a child to produce simple logical actions such as: analysis, comparison, generalization, etc. are called logical thinking. Logical thinking in a child can not develop spontaneously, for this, lessons are needed to develop logic in children's institutions and at home with parents. Before entering the stage of school education, the child must be prepared to receive knowledge. There are various sets of exercises for the development of logical thinking.
The game "The journey of a dragonfly".The aim of the game is to develop intelligence and attention, orientation on the plane. Children are dealt cards, divided into four squares and a dragonfly counter. At the direction of the teacher or parent, the child moves the chip to the desired angle( up, down, left, right).
Riddles and quizzes. They are aimed at speed of reaction, training of memory, development of non-standard thinking. In riddles, an object should be displayed and analyzed from a spatial, temporal and quantitative point of view.
- The middle name of Pinocchio.
- Friend of the speaking crocodile.
- The best anti-heat in the world, according to Carlson.
- The village in which Matroskin lived.
A game for the development of reaction speed. The presenter asks the questions: a round, tasty character of a fairy tale;kind grandfather with a large sack;what day of the week will be the day after tomorrow;summer hat with a visor.
Game "Finish the phrase."He writes poetry. .. He treats us. .. He teaches us. .. He writes us. .. He writes pictures. .. He builds houses. .. He sings songs. .. The yard sweeps. ..
Riddles are jokes. Such puzzles are exercises for children on the development of thinking. They develop a speed of reaction, attention, ingenuity, the ability to analyze. For example:
- A flock of swans flew: two behind, one in front, two on the side, three behind. Question: how many cranes were there?
- The chicken left to walk, brought out their chickens: 5 ran ahead, 6 left behind, count them guys, how many together of all the chickens?
- Mom in the kitchen stood 3 mugs, plates 4, on them 3 cheesecakes. How many dishes did Mama have in the kitchen?
- How many paws three have, how many flippers have two walruses, how many feet does a crocodile have, fingers of a big gorilla?
All these exercises for children on the development of thinking will certainly have a positive impact on the learning process of your child. Bringing your child to the art of drawing, playing musical instruments, modeling will be a good addition to the exercises for the development of thinking. After all, all of the above activities develop the child's fine motor skills, which is responsible for the formation and development of logic, thinking, and memory. The presence of logical thinking is one of the basic necessary qualities that affect the choice of a profession. Children are by nature curious and strive to know the outer world as soon as possible. Do not hinder them, but just direct in the right direction their irrepressible energy. Exercises for the development of thinking need to be done in a playful way, unobtrusively. Talk more with the child, do not leave his questions unanswered. Do not spare the time to educate your child. After all, what you sow, as they say. ..