Intestinal disorders - a thing unpleasant for any person. Problems are repeatedly amplified during pregnancy, and not only for the mother. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract can damage the baby.
Functions and Possible Intestinal Disorders in Pregnancy
The intestine is an important part of the gastrointestinal tract and performs a number of significant functions:
- absorbs vitamins and amino acids produced by intestinal microorganisms;
- isolates a number of juices and enzymes;
- produces defecation: removes decay products from the intestine.
This organ functions due to microflora, that is, to the "community" of beneficial microorganisms, and problems with the intestines during pregnancy are often associated with impairments in their activities. Microorganisms are not only responsible for the timely disintegration of nutrients and their absorption, but also regulates water metabolism in the intestine, maintain an optimal level of its motor activity. Other important tasks of microflor
Reorganization of the future mother's body is often accompanied by intestinal disorders in pregnancy, most often in the form of constipation or diarrhea, and possible manifestations of hemorrhoids and dysbiosis.
Constipation: Causes, Treatment, Prevention
Many of us are familiar with the symptoms of constipation, when the usual daily rhythm of defecation is disrupted, the process of bowel evacuation becomes more complicated, causing considerable inconvenience. A regular companion of malaise is irritability and other neurotic phenomena. If the constipation is not treated, they can be accompanied by the phenomena of hemorrhoids, the appearance of bleeding or rectal cracks. The most difficult of probable complications is intestinal obstruction.
Why do these problems with the intestines become worse during pregnancy? There are several reasons. The level of the hormone progesterone on the background of pregnancy is increased, and it somewhat relaxes the smooth muscles of the intestine. Another factor that negatively affects the speed of physiological processes: the growth of the uterus and an increase in its pressure on the intestine. Add "minuses" a sedentary lifestyle, stressful situations, as well as an unbalanced diet. Finally, indigestion in pregnancy can be triggered by a violation of the thyroid gland function.
Even after understanding the causes of constipation, "amateur" should not be engaged. Categorically one can not grasp the "habitual" laxatives, such as regulax, senna, bisakodil, and enemas are contraindicated.
What can a woman do on her own if there are slight pains in the intestines during pregnancy and other manifestations of constipation? Revise the menu, including in the daily diet more fruits and vegetables. Beneficial effect on the peristalsis of the intestine cabbage, pumpkin, cucumbers and tomatoes, dried apricots and prunes, watermelon and red currant, other berries. Phytogens with a light effect will also help, only it is important to comply with the dosage. Drink more, move, and meals do small, it is better to eat 5-6 times a day in small portions. These simple rules work flawlessly!
Diarrhea and intestinal pain in pregnancy
The reverse side of the problem of constipation is diarrhea, that is, too frequent evacuation of the intestine with a weak consistency of the stool. Simply put, diarrhea. The phenomenon is unpleasant, especially if there are impurities of mucus or blood in the stool, it is not just exhausting, but can lead to dehydration of the body and other negative consequences.
What are the most common causes of diarrhea? At the first signs of such disorder of the intestine during pregnancy, treatment is necessary to the doctor. The main thing: as early as possible to determine the diagnosis, exclude the presence of any serious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and infectious diseases.
We must also remember the danger of poisoning, allergic reactions to certain foods, which also provokes pain in the intestines during pregnancy and other problems caused by diarrhea. Reasons for particular concern, most likely not, and toxicosis is sometimes accompanied by a disorder of the stool. And if the birth is already approaching, then the body simply launches a self-cleaning mechanism, preparing for them. But the conclusions can be made only by a doctor, he also prescribes treatment.
But it is always useful to adjust the diet, eliminating fatty and spicy foods, dairy, salted. Of time-tested home remedies, a rice decoction remains invariably effective for the relief of intestinal problems during pregnancy. Abundant drink to avoid dehydration and to free from toxins is extremely important. As for the drugs themselves, antibiotic therapy is often not required, since often the causes of the disorders are neurogenic, and it is enough to take the most simple sedatives.
Hemorrhoids and dysbiosis - easier to avoid than treat
Imbalance in the diet, not treated in time constipation, inactivity - the main causes of blood stagnation in the vessels of the anus. Older problems can provoke hemorrhoids - varicose veins in this segment of the body. The disease manifests with pain and burning in the anus, bleeding, the appearance of blood inclusions in the stool. The treatment is long, pregnant women are allowed to use the candles "Anesteziol" and "Anuzol".Avoid the development of extremely unpleasant symptoms can, by diversifying the products on the table of the future mother. Vegetables and fruits, dairy and fiber-rich dishes will be very useful. Drink water better and in larger volumes, more to move.
Dysbacteriosis of the intestine is a diagnosis, the dangers of which many misunderstand. This is a state of the intestines, in which the quantitative and qualitative composition of the microflora is disturbed. Here the dependence is understandable: if the level of useful microorganisms falls, their place will immediately be occupied by pathogenic analogues. Dysbacteriosis can manifest as constipation, and diarrhea, bloating and heartburn, fever. For the treatment of ailment, there is a set of well-proven probiotics, before which the consultation with a doctor is mandatory.