Arterial pressure is an important indicator of the health status of any person. Particularly relevant, his constant control becomes during the waiting period for the birth of a baby. What is the optimal blood pressure level? How can fluctuations in pressure affect the health of the mother and baby? What should I do to prevent complications? We will try to find answers to these and a number of other questions.
Why do I need regular blood pressure control?
At each prophylaxis, the therapist measures blood pressure. And future moms, these measurements are made and during the visit to the gynecologist. Why such close attention to this indicator? To understand this and decide what is the normal pressure during pregnancy, first we will understand what is AD in general?
The level of pressure in large blood vessels - arteries - has two indicators: diastolic and systolic blood pressure, commonly referred to as lower and upper. Diastolic - this is the bar reached at a time when the heart is as relaxed as
Sharp pressure jumps, as well as a prolonged deviation from the norm, are themselves dangerous for both women and babies. In addition, these dysfunctions may indicate the presence of certain diseases, in particular, violations of the cardiovascular system. In the body of the future mother there is a rapid hormonal restructuring, and blood pressure during pregnancy has a tendency of instability. In the first trimester, a decrease is most often observed, and growth is observed from the second half. Hypotension - low blood pressure - is even considered one of the characteristic signs of pregnancy.
Correcting low blood pressure during pregnancy
Typical manifestations of hypotension: dizziness, drowsiness, general weakness, a woman may have shortness of breath while exercising and ringing in the ears. In the morning, these symptoms are particularly pronounced, and toxicosis even more exacerbates them. Not only does Mom experience unpleasant sensations, but for a fetus, low blood pressure is a significant threat. The source of danger: the weakness of the circulation at this symptomatology, and the consequence is placental insufficiency. It manifests itself in violation of breathing and nutrition of the fetus, which negatively affects its development, and in some cases it threatens miscarriage. Yes, and dizziness sometimes takes acute forms, even to fainting, so low blood pressure during pregnancy sometimes provokes injuries, sometimes, quite dangerous.
You can copy the listed above manifestations by debugging the rest mode, power supply. It is known that the feeling of hunger exacerbates the pressure drop, therefore, even with toxicosis, it is necessary to eat regularly. In the morning it is useful to eat some fruit, still not getting out of bed. And do not do, getting up, sudden movements. Walking, staying in nature is very useful, including for stabilizing blood pressure, but it's also important not to overwork.
If blood pressure during pregnancy does not return to normal for a long time, a medical examination is necessary: low blood pressure can trigger Addison's disease, pituitary function, stomach ulcer and a number of other ailments. In this case, you first need to be treated for the underlying disease, perhaps this will be enough to normalize blood pressure. Often the cause of low pressure lies in the nervous overstrain, against which the tone of the vessels decreases. Remove the consequences of stress will help the specific recommendations of the doctor, the mother herself can help herself, if it will be enough to rest, to be outdoors, to eat right.
Showing and respiratory gymnastics, and such an effective physiological procedure as normobaric hypoxic therapy, contributing to the adaptation of women to new conditions. A definite positive effect is also provided by point massage of several zones: between the upper lip and the base of the nose;on the same axis between the lower lip and the chin;and also at the base of the fingernails of the little finger and the index finger.
Increased Pregnancy Pressure: Causes and Methods of Reducing
The fetus is constantly growing, the volume of blood circulating in the body increases: a month before giving birth, it is a whole liter more than before pregnancy. Inevitably, the load of the cardiovascular system is also growing to maintain the required blood flow velocity. The pulse speeds up to 80-90 beats per minute at the rate of 80, and in a stressful situation jump over the mark of 100. Accordingly, there is an increased pressure during pregnancy in the second and third trimesters. The main thing is that it does not go beyond 140/90, critical for the health of mom and baby.
A frequent cause of increased blood pressure, doctors call the appearance of protein in the urine and edema. Between 4 and 6 percent of women face this problem. If the protein concentration is kept high enough for a long time, the fetus may die. To carry out constant monitoring, a pregnant woman with such a threat must be hospitalized.
What will help reduce pressure at home?
- Hypotensive( pressure-reducing) juices: a glass of birch per day or quarter of a beetroot glass before eating;
- Cranberry mousse: a thick broth of cranberries mixed with sugar and a small amount of semolina;
- Decoction of pumpkin with the addition of honey also contributes to the normalization of pressure during pregnancy;
- Clicking on the occipital fossa( the place of attachment of the head to the spine);
- Massage of biologically active points on the back of the neck, midline of the abdomen and on the middle finger of the left hand.
- With the excitement, a light massage of the point at the bottom of the chin( in its central part) will help.
Sometimes "deviations from the norm" appear as a result of incorrect measurements. Therefore, carefully read the instructions to the tonometer and strictly follow it.