Angina, or acute tonsillitis, is an inflammatory process in the palatine tonsils of the pharyngeal lymphoid ring, less often - palatine ridges and adenoids. This disease can be viral or bacterial in nature, sometimes there is fungal or parasitic tonsillitis. Angina during pregnancy is quite dangerous for both women and the fetus. But not every sore throat is an angina. Consider what symptoms of the disease, its consequences during pregnancy, how to treat sore throat during pregnancy.
Causes and symptoms of angina
The most common pathogens of angina are bacteria and viruses. Most cases of the disease are caused by streptococcal infection. Viral angina is more typical for children under five years old. The main route of infection by the pathogen is airborne. It is also possible to get infected through household items, food.
Specialists distinguish the following types of angina:
- catarrhal - the easiest form, which is characterized by reddening and enlarged tonsils, lack of plaque on them;
- follicular - on the enlarged red tonsils there is a purulent small-scale plaque;
- lacunar - a serious form of the disease, in which the lacunae of the tonsils are filled with purulent contents.
For angina during pregnancy is characterized by an acute onset of the disease. A woman feels chills, malaise, weakness, decreased appetite. The temperature rises sharply, reaching 39-40 ° C.At the same time, there is a very strong pain in the throat, sometimes it even becomes painful to breathe. In addition, headache, pain in the ears, and enlargement of the cervical lymph nodes are often observed.
In many cases of angina, the patient suffers from nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, difficulty opening the mouth.
Consequences of sore throat during pregnancy
Lack of treatment or its untimely time can lead to many serious complications of the disease. The most common complications are: rheumatism, glomerulonephritis and pyelonephritis, the transition of angina into a chronic form with the preservation of foci of infection. A very serious complication of angina is meningitis( inflammation of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord) and sepsis( blood poisoning).The development of the disease is accompanied by severe intoxication of the body.
Consequences of sore throat during pregnancy conceal dangers to the developing fetus. If a woman falls ill in the first three months of pregnancy, the risk of miscarriage or intrauterine fetal death increases. The reason - high temperature and intoxication of the body.
To complications of angina during pregnancy include a delay in the pathology of child development, circulatory disorders in the placenta, premature birth.
Features of treatment of sore throats during pregnancy
At the first signs of ailment it is necessary to go to bed. Bed rest should be observed until the patient's condition improves. A future mother should try to eat well, although during an illness the appetite may be absent. But the fruit is constantly needed nutrients, vitamins and minerals, so a woman should not give up food. To eat during a sore throat during pregnancy it is necessary often, but in small portions. Food should be gentle so as not to irritate the sick tonsils, and contain a sufficient amount of protein and vitamin C. Very good in this period is chicken broth.
To restore the water balance, reduce the effects of intoxication, it is necessary to drink plenty of fluids.
Drugs for the treatment of angina during pregnancy should be prescribed only by a doctor. Moreover, during the period of bearing the baby the woman should selectively use medicines. Many drugs can harm a child.
Most often the future doctor appoints Bioparox - an antibacterial agent for topical application. Its advantage is that a negligible amount of antibiotic enters the bloodstream. They release Bioparox in the form of an inhaler. In especially severe cases of tonsillitis during pregnancy, a doctor may prescribe Flemoxin or Spiceph. To ease the pain in the throat, a woman can take a resorption tablet, for example, Neo angina, Lizobakt, Pharyngosept, Travisil, Chlorophyllipt.
In the treatment of angina during pregnancy, an important place is given to gargling. In the pharmacy you can buy various solutions for rinsing, the use of which greatly alleviates the pain in the throat and promotes recovery. Such means for rinsing include Miramistin, Chlorophyllipt, Stomatodin, Stopangin, Furatsilin.
As for a sore throat is characterized by a high temperature, many future mothers are interested in what antipyretic medicines can be shot down? Of all such drugs, the safest during pregnancy are those that are based on paracetamol. It is strictly forbidden to take Aspirin, Analgin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( Ibuprom, Nurofen) as antipyretic.
How to treat angina during pregnancy with folk remedies?
Many women use folk methods in treating various diseases. Traditional medicine offers many recipes for the treatment of angina. But before the treatment of tonsillitis during pregnancy with folk remedies, it is advisable to consult a doctor, as some of them may adversely affect the course of pregnancy or the development of the baby.
An effective means of combating the disease is a medical compress. Folded in a few layers of a piece of gauze or bandage impregnated with alcohol diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 3.Compress is applied to the neck, on top - paper for a compress and a warm scarf. This compress is done several times a day and kept on the neck for 2-3 hours.
You can also make healing infusions for gargling. To make a spoonful of table grass( sage, marigold, chamomile) pour 200 ml of boiling water and insist for 25-30 minutes. Strain and rinse the throat 5-6 times a day.