Symptoms and treatment of allergies in pregnancy

Allergy is one of the most common diseases of mankind. It is known that to date it affects about 20% of the world's population, while in ecologically unfavorable areas of residence this number reaches 50%.Modern pharmaceuticals have in their arsenal of many highly effective drugs to combat this disease. But what about women who are allergic to pregnancy? It is known that during this period it is impossible to take many medications that can harm a baby. Consider why the allergy develops, what are its symptoms, and what to take from allergies during pregnancy.

How does the allergy develop?

Allergy is a failure of the human immune system, which manifests itself as an excessive protective response of the body to certain irritant substances, the so-called allergens. As a rule, allergens are food products, medicines, household chemicals, plant pollen, bird feathers, animal wool. On the first hit of the allergen the organism does not react in any way, but the immune system "remembers" this substance and b

egins to produce mediators of inflammation accumulating in special cells. When the allergen hits again, the inflammatory mediators are ejected from the cells, provoking the appearance of allergy symptoms. For the same substance, there is a different reaction in humans. Some may have an allergic rhinitis, others may suffer from hives, and others may develop Quincke's edema.

The most common allergy in pregnancy in women aged 18 to 24 years. To foods that can cause such a reaction of the body, include: citrus fruits, exotic vegetables and fruits, some types of fish, chocolate. It is not necessary to include new products in the menu during the waiting period for the baby, since this is a frequent cause of allergies. Also, the hair of pet pets, bird fluff, cosmetics can become an allergen. Many pregnant women have a strong allergic reaction to insect bites, especially bees, although they were not pregnant before pregnancy.

Symptoms of allergy

Allergy in pregnancy manifests itself in different ways. Experts share a slight symptomatology and a serious course of the disease. To light manifestations of the body's reaction to the allergen include allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis, local urticaria. The most frequent manifestation is allergic rhinitis, which is characterized by swelling of the nasal mucosa, difficulty in nasal breathing. Often swelling is accompanied by discharge from the nose, which can be of different consistencies. In addition, the patient feels a burning sensation in the upper respiratory tract and near the nose.

With allergic conjunctivitis, the eyelids blush and swirl, tearing, photophobia, and itching of the eyes appear. Often in the morning, a woman discovers crusts in the corners of her eyes.

Local( localized) urticaria is characterized by the sudden appearance of blisters on a separate area of ​​the skin, which tend to fade. Skin rashes are accompanied by severe itching.

In more severe cases, the body's response to a stimulus may be manifested by the following symptoms:

  • Generalized( total) urticaria. Blisters cover the entire body of a person, causing swelling and severe itching.
  • Quincke Edema. It develops because of the massive release into the intercellular space of the liquid component of the blood. The most serious complication is laryngeal edema. This is a rather dangerous manifestation of allergy in pregnancy, as the body of a woman and a fetus lack oxygen.
  • Anaphylactic shock. The most difficult, but also very rare condition, in which the symptoms are growing rapidly. At the same time, edema develops, blood pressure drops to minimum values, which can lead to disruption of the placental blood flow and nutrition of the child.
  • Nausea and vomiting. These symptoms are a manifestation of the edema of the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract and are caused by food allergy.

Consequences of an allergy in pregnancy

Specialists claim that the allergy itself does not have a significant effect on either the course of pregnancy or fetal development. Of course, if it does not take place in severe form( Quincke's edema, anaphylactic shock).Allergens can not penetrate the placenta to the baby.

However, it can not be said that the effects of allergy in pregnancy are generally absent. First of all, the baby in the womb feels a deterioration in the general condition of the woman. Difficulty with breathing, mum's itching lead to nervousness, restlessness of the fetus.

In addition, after birth, a child may have an allergic reaction to those substances that caused allergy in the mother during the period of gestation. In general, doctors indicate the hereditary nature of this disease. So, if a woman is allergic, the probability that a child will have an allergic predisposition is about 50%.In case both parents are allergic, this probability increases to 75%.

Experts note that more harm than the allergy itself can be caused by antihistamines taken by a woman who is carrying a baby. So, what to take from an allergy during pregnancy?

Treatment of allergy during pregnancy

Treatment of allergies in pregnancy In our time, there is no medicine for allergies. You can only reduce its symptoms and translate the disease into a state of remission.

In most cases, allergic manifestations disappear when the allergen is eliminated. In the following, avoid contact with the stimulus.

In more severe cases, treatment for allergies in pregnancy should only be handled by a doctor. Most antihistamines are contraindicated in the period of expectation of the child. The most safe of them is Suprastin, it is most often prescribed in allergy therapy in expectant mothers.

In the complex treatment of allergies, a hypoallergenic diet is important( all allergenic products are excluded), regular wet cleaning in the room.