Herpes is a disease of a viral origin, characterized by the precipitation of vesicles on the mucous membranes and skin. There are several types of herpes virus, the most common:
- is the first type, which manifests itself in 80% of cases with the eruption of fluid bubbles on the lips and in 20% of cases with rashes in the genital area;
- is the second type, in which 80% of the vesicles appear in the genital area and 20% on the lips.
The manifestation of the herpes virus in pregnancy is a serious disease that carries a potential threat to the health of the baby. The greatest danger to the child is the rash in the genital area of the mother. Therefore, in this article we will consider the causes and symptoms of the disease, whether herpes is dangerous during pregnancy, and what methods of treating this virus exist.
Cause of herpes activation during pregnancy
About 75% of women are infected with the herpes virus. Some of them may not even know about this, if the virus did not manifest its
Symptoms of herpes during pregnancy
Symptoms of exacerbation of the herpes virus in pregnancy are the same as in non-pregnant women. The main feature of genital herpes is the appearance in the genital area of painful vesicles filled with fluid. In women, they are most often localized on the cervix, in the vagina, on the small and large labia. A few days after the onset of the rash, the vesicles burst, and in their place appear shallow ulcers that are covered with a crust. After a lapse of two weeks, the crust disappears and the ulcer heals completely. To additional symptoms of herpes during pregnancy include:
- burning sensation when urinating;
- vaginal discharge;
- burning and pain in the area of the entrance to the vagina and labia;
- tenderness and enlargement of the lymph nodes in the groin;
- weakness, chills, fever.
How does herpes affect pregnancy?
Is Herpes Pregnant? There is no unequivocal answer to this question, since everything depends on whether the woman has contracted a herpes virus while pregnant or long before conception. Also, the severity of the effects of herpes in pregnancy is affected by the trimester in which the disease has worsened.
The most dangerous situation for the baby and his mother is when the infection with herpes occurred during pregnancy. In this case, the woman has no antibodies to the virus in the blood. If infection with herpes is diagnosed in the first trimester of bearing a child, then there is a high probability of spontaneous abortion( miscarriage) or development of severe malformations in the baby( for example, a violation of the formation of eyeballs or skull bones).Now we list the consequences of herpes in pregnancy at a late period:
- premature birth;
- intrauterine growth retardation;
- Infection of the baby with herpes during childbirth.
In extremely rare cases, infection with herpes during childbearing can result in female internal injuries or fatalities.
How does herpes affect pregnancy if a woman has already been infected with a virus? If a woman has contracted herpes before conception of the child, and antibodies to the virus have already formed in her body, the probability of complications during pregnancy or child development is 4%.When the recurrence of herpes occurs in the first or second trimester of pregnancy, it has no effect on the development of the baby. But if the disease worsen immediately before childbirth, then the probability of infection of the newborn at the time of its passage through the birth canal is high.
The immune system of the newly born child is weak, and unable to cope with the virus. Unfortunately, about 60% of children infected with herpes die, and the survivors are diagnosed with epilepsy or mental retardation.
Treatment of herpes in pregnancy
If a woman who has a toddler, has herpes genitalia symptoms, she should see a doctor as soon as possible. A gynecologist will conduct a survey, and in case he diagnoses herpes during pregnancy, he will prescribe a treatment. Prescribed drugs will stop the reproduction of the virus and reduce the likelihood of infection of the baby.
For the treatment of herpes during pregnancy, the doctor prescribes the following antiviral drugs for the expectant mother: Famciclovir, Valaciclovir, Acyclovir. The duration of the course and dosage of the drug is determined only by the attending physician, depending on the severity of the course of the disease. A woman who expects a baby can take medicines from several days to several weeks.
Creams containing antiviral drugs( eg, Acyclovir), are ineffective in treating herpes during pregnancy. They can only accelerate the healing of ulcers, but do not reduce the risk of transmission of the virus to the baby.
When a recurrence of genital herpes occurs a couple of days before the expected date of delivery, the gynecologist can appoint a cesarean section to reduce the likelihood of infection of the baby.
If a future mother had herpes diagnosed before conception, and during pregnancy there were no symptoms of exacerbation of the disease, no rash of vesicles appeared, then no treatment is prescribed for her, and the birth of a baby is naturally resolved.