It is known that breast milk is the best food for a baby for up to a year. But as the child grows up, more and more nutrients and vitamins are needed. Therefore, there comes a time when it is necessary to introduce the child's feeding. It is very important to start the lure of a baby in time and correctly, to introduce the necessary food in its menu. In this regard, my mother there are many questions, doubts. So how correctly to introduce the feeding of infants?
Feeding for breastfeeding
Feeding a baby who is breastfeeding, contributes to its normal physical development and health. At the same time, the mother should remember that breast milk should remain the main food of the child for the entire period of supplementary feeding of children up to one year.
Lure in breastfeeding introduces the baby with a variety of food, flavors, flavors, provides the emerging nutritional and physiological needs of a growing child. It is very important that the feeding of the baby prepares it for the future tran
At the first stage, lure is considered only as support for breastfeeding. But by the first year of the life of the crumbs, it must become the main food.
Incorrect introduction of complementary feeding of infants, non-observance of basic methods and principles can have a serious negative impact on child development, for example, lead to exhaustion, stopping growth. Therefore, it is very important to prepare in advance for the introduction of the baby's complementary foods in order to carry it correctly.
When is it necessary to introduce complementary foods?
Specialists do not advise to introduce lactation during breastfeeding before the baby is four months old. It is not necessary to hurry with lure in those families whose members have a tendency to develop allergic reactions, intolerance to certain foods. Doctors say that it is best to introduce the feeding of infants at the age of six months.
At the same time, there are certain criteria that indicate the readiness of the baby to introduce complementary foods.
1.The child keeps his head on his own. In order to eat from a spoon, the baby must independently maintain a vertical position.
2. The child can sit well with support. First, you can keep the baby in your arms, and then buy a special baby chair for feeding.
3.Malish has learned to make chewing movements. It is necessary that the child can swallow a food lump. When a child learns to swallow, he has increased salivation.
4.The child is gaining weight. Usually, they introduce complementary foods for children up to a year when their weight is doubled with respect to birth weight.
5.Masha is interested in the contents of an adult dish. The child watches how the adults eat, how they transfer food from the plate to the mouth.
But there are situations when feeding a baby needs to be introduced earlier. This need may be due to insufficient weight gain in the baby, his frequent diarrhea and constipation. In addition, the reason for introducing early supplementary feeding is the artificial feeding of a child. In any case, if the mother seems to need to expand the diet of the baby, it is necessary to consult a pediatrician.
How correctly to introduce the feeding of children to the year?
Most pediatricians recommend using a vegetable puree as the first supplement of a child. This is especially important for the feeding of a premature baby who does not gain the right amount of body, suffering from anemia, rickets, exudative diathesis.
The first puree for a child is better to cook from those vegetables that do not contain rough fiber - potatoes, carrots. In order to preserve more useful substances in vegetables, they should be cooked with a little water or steamed.
The first time feeding the baby is given in the amount of two teaspoons or 10 grams. At the same time, you need to watch the baby's chair. If everything goes well, gradually the amount of complementary foods increases, it is brought to the complete replacement of one feeding.
The second feeding of the child is introduced in seven months. Doctors recommend for this purpose to cook a baby 5-10% milk porridge. In the event that the crumb will have an allergic reaction, you need to switch to porridge on the water. Oats and buckwheat porridges are very useful. Together with the porridge you can give cottage cheese, diluted juice, fruit puree. The total volume of the baby's food should be about 200 g per feed.
The third lure of the baby is administered at eight months. Usually kefir is used for this. They replace one breastfeeding. Some pediatricians recommend breast milk after eight months only in the evening and in the morning.
The main products for complementary feeding
The feeding of infants begins with juice. Fruit juices are administered to a child at the age of 3-4 months. First, the baby is given apple juice of green varieties, then gradually introduced peach, apricot, plum, raspberry, black currant, cherry juice. Strawberry juice, citrus juice, tropical fruits is best introduced into the baby's diet after seven months.
Fruit puree can be administered 14-21 days after juices. Vegetable puree can be administered simultaneously with fruit.
Approximately in 1-1,5 months it is necessary to try to enter buckwheat, oatmeal, corn, rice porridge.
From six months old baby can enter cottage cheese. For complementary foods for children up to a year, use a special cottage cheese for kids of this age.
In seven months, the feeding of infants can contain the egg yolk, boiled hard. It is very important to start with a small dose at the tip of the spoon. Gradually, the amount is brought to half a yolk per day. At the same age, unsweetened cookies, drying, bread crumbs, meat are introduced into the feeding of the child. It is best to give the baby meat of chicken, turkey, rabbit, low-fat pork. A little later, meat mashed potatoes can be replaced with steamed meatballs, meatballs.
In the feeding of a child of 9-10 months you can enter white sea fish - pike perch, hake, cod.
Feeding a premature baby
The introduction of complementary feeding to a premature baby has its own characteristics. The timing of its introduction, the choice of products and the procedure for their use should be determined only by the pediatrician. All this he selects individually for each baby, taking into account the peculiarities of his state of health.
Usually the first lure of a premature baby begins at the age of two to three months. First, the baby is given a water-diluted vegetable decoctions and juices. After three to four months, the baby can be given fruit purees. The introduction of each new food product should begin with one teaspoon. During the week, its volume is brought to normal.
At the age of 3,5 months the child can start giving an egg yolk. Begin with a very small portion, which is bred with breast milk or a mixture. Better for this use less allergenic quail eggs.
With four months of feeding the baby can contain cottage cheese, porridge.
After five months in the diet of the baby gradually introduced meat purée.
When feeding a child, it is very important to monitor his condition, stool, weight gain dynamics. And, of course, you need to do this under the supervision of a pediatrician.