Introduction of the first feeding of a child is a fairly responsible process that worries many mothers. But if you follow it according to all the rules, carefully watching your baby, you can avoid many problems.
The first lure for breastfeeding and the first lure of a baby who is on artificial feeding, have some differences. But in any case, the main rule of correct introduction of the first feeding of the child is the literacy and patience of the mother.
The first lactation of an infant: when to start
There is no consensus on when to start introducing first lactation in breastfeeding. Some pediatricians "in the old fashioned way" insist on the introduction of apple juice into the baby's nutrition as early as the third week after birth. Others recommend the introduction of vegetable, fruit puree and cereal from the age of three to four months. There is an opinion that the baby should be started to feed after the appearance of his first teeth.
Breastfeeding experts are advised to introduce cru
According to the theory of "pedagogical complementary feeding", in about 5 - 6 months, children begin to be interested in the contents of the dish of parents, try to try it. This behavior( active food interest) of the baby indicates his willingness to get acquainted with the new food. Most often, the child's food interest is related not so much to the feeling of hunger as to the desire to imitate parents.
Products for the first complementary food
There is no consensus on the choice of products for the first child's complementary foods. It depends on the time of the year, the weight of the baby, the presence of immune diseases, as well as when injecting and the personal preferences of parents.
The classical scheme of the introduction of feeding recommends starting with porridge. They will be the best choice for a poorly gaining weight, a weakened baby. Experts advise starting with rice or buckwheat porridge.
As the first complementary feeding of an infant who grows well, you can choose a vegetable puree. In addition, vegetables are good for those children who suffer from constipation. Best fit white and green vegetables - courgettes, broccoli, cauliflower, potatoes, carrots, pumpkin.
Some pediatricians recommend the first lure of a baby to start with sour-milk products. They believe that kefir and other bifid products are most approximated to taste and composition to breast milk and are most adapted to the digestive system of the child. Also kefir is a safe product for allergic children and those who suffer from dysbacteriosis.
When choosing the products for the first feeding of a child, it is necessary to take into account the time of the year. Winter and spring are not suitable for experiments with vegetables, and summer and autumn are suitable for this purpose.
Some parents prefer to buy ready-made industrial pies and purees for the first lump. But many mothers are supporters of the introduction of self-cooked food. To prepare vegetable puree vegetables are boiled in a small amount of clean water. After this, boiled vegetables are whipped with a blender or grinded with a sieve until smooth.
If the first lure of the baby is introduced in the form of porridge, the selected croup is grinded on a coffee grinder. Then it is boiled on water without the addition of sugar and salt. In order for the porridge to be more nutritious and tasty, it can be added to breast milk. The first gruel should be a liquid consistency, so that the baby can swallow it.
Sour-milk products for the first complementary foods can be taken in the children's kitchen or bought in special departments of supermarkets.
Basic principles for the introduction of the first complementary feeding of an infant
It is very important to give the child the opportunity to learn the first lure tactile way. The new food can cause him both alertness and interest. You do not need to prevent him from getting to know her.
Introduction of the first feeding of a child should take place against the background of his full health. If the baby is to receive a prophylactic vaccination or any change in the usual way, it is better to postpone feeding at a later time.
A new dish for a child is better to offer in the morning. Begin with half a teaspoon of volume. Then every two consecutive days they double the amount of food. If the kid at any time refuses to eat, do not insist. It is better to breastfeed it.
After the introduction of the first feeding of the baby, one should observe its state and behavior. Any negative effects can be associated with the introduction of a new product. It is an intestinal colic, a disorder of the stool, the appearance of itching, dryness, skin rash. In these cases, this food is excluded from the baby's menu, and the next introduction of complementary foods begins only after the disappearance of unpleasant symptoms.
For a baby who is breastfed, mother's milk should be the main part of the daily diet. You only need to feed your child when he is hungry. At the same time, one should try to make this happen at approximately the same time. You need to feed from a spoon at a pace that is comfortable for the child. Very convenient special spoons with a long handle.
Features of the introduction of the first complementary feeding for a child who is on artificial feeding
The first lure of a child who is breastfed, pediatricians are recommended to enter after four months. At this time, the artificial mixture can no longer provide all the needs of the growing baby's body.
As the first product, you can choose vegetables, porridge or fruit. For those children who suffer from constipation, the best choice will be vegetables. The first lure of a child who is not gaining weight should be a gruel. You should stop choosing rice or buckwheat porridge. Oatmeal, wheat and semolina porridge contain gluten, a special substance that can provoke the development of allergic reactions. Therefore, it is better to give such kashki in a later period.
The easiest first lactation is fruit. They are sweet and like a baby. But after the fruit of the child will be difficult to accustom to vegetable puree, which does not have such a pleasant taste.
Conducting and choosing the products for the first breastfeeding is best coordinated with the pediatrician. He will choose the most suitable introduction of feeding, taking into account the individual characteristics of the baby. In addition, when introducing the first lure, parents should closely monitor the child's condition. At the first doubts it is necessary to address for the help to the doctor.