Every mother who breastfeeds faces certain difficulties. Such difficulties can upset a woman, prevent the successful feeding of a baby. But, if you correctly understand, all the problems with breastfeeding the baby can be solved. Let's look at the main difficulties that can arise in mom while breastfeeding the baby.
Chest pain in breastfeeding
Many breastfeeding mothers experience pain while breastfeeding a child. There are many reasons for the appearance of such pains.
Most often, a woman may experience discomfort at the inflow of milk to the breast( oxytocin reflex).Tides are caused by hormone oxytocin, which stimulates the breast muscle cells to give milk. Oxytocin is produced on the first day after childbirth in response to sucking on the baby's breast. Women feel the oxytocin reflex differently. Some feel tingling, tingling in the chest, others - discomfort and mild pain. Such pains are significantly reduced or completely disappear with time.
Some moms have too much milk. After breastfee
Sometimes thrush on the nipples of the mother and in the mouth of the baby can develop thrush. In addition, often the thrush penetrates into the breast ducts of the breast. If this happens, breastfeeding can be painful. Such pain lasts all the time of feeding. But after breastfeeding, the intensity of pain may even increase. In this case, the woman should contact the doctor for treatment.
Mastitis is a big problem in breastfeeding. Mastitis is an inflammation of the breast tissue that is caused by a bacterial infection. In this case, the milk ducts are clogged, the chest is not completely emptied. The mammary gland of the mother becomes red, painful. A woman can get body temperature. When you have mastitis, you need to see a doctor.
Pain during breastfeeding of a child can occur in a woman during premenstrual syndrome, if her menstruation resumes. In fact, this pain is not related to breastfeeding. But it is during this period that the woman's breast becomes very sensitive, which causes pain during feeding.
Lactostasis or milk congestion
Quite often a problem with breastfeeding is lactostasis. Usually milk stagnation in the milk ducts occurs as a result of the blockage of the duct by a clot of milk. This is due to poor drainage of the breast during feeding. In addition, this condition appears in the case when milk is produced much faster than the child needs.
Signs of lactostasis are the redness of the skin of the breast, the appearance of a seal the size of a walnut or more, the soreness of this seal.
The best treatment for lactostasis is the correct breastfeeding of the baby. It is necessary to try, that the child completely emptied the breast. If necessary, you can express the milk with a breast pump. To alleviate the condition of a woman, compresses with medicinal herbs( chamomile, St. John's wort) can be applied to the breast. Compresses with cabbage leaves are good at dissipating the seals.
Cracks in the nipples when breastfeeding a child
For many breast-feeding mothers, nipple cracks become a big problem in breastfeeding.
The main reason for the appearance of cracks in the nipples is called improper application of the baby to the breast. Mom should ensure that during breastfeeding the baby captures the mouth not only the entire nipple, but also the greater part of the areola. In addition, you can not pull the breast out of the child's mouth. If a woman needs to stop breastfeeding, you need to put the little finger in the corner of the baby's mouth. After the child opens the mouth, you can gently pull out the chest.
Another reason for the appearance of cracks in the nipples may be the development of thrush. During this disease, a woman experiences severe pain during feeding. Sometimes the formation of cracks in the nipples is promoted by improper application of the breast pump. A rough and sharp impact can cause a chest injury.
Often, incorrect breast care causes the formation of cracks in the nipples when breastfeeding. Doctors pay attention to breastfeeding moms that you do not need to wash your breasts before and after each feeding. It is washed while taking a shower. In addition, after feeding, it is recommended to make air baths for the nipples, leaving them open until completely dry. You can not wash your chest with soap during this period, treat with alcohol lotions and other cosmetic products.
A good remedy for the healing of the nipples of the breast is lanolin ointment. She relieves pain without drying her skin. In this case, the cracks are tightened without forming a coarse crust. Another advantage of this ointment is that it does not need to be washed off before feeding. Lanolin ointment can be applied after breastfeeding.
Breast massage with breastfeeding
Many breastfeeding mothers have heard of a special massage with breastfeeding. Specialists in breastfeeding note the high efficiency of such a procedure for solving many problems of a nursing woman.
Firstly, such a massage helps to avoid the development of milk stagnation in the mammary glands. Even if lactostasis of the initial stage has already appeared, properly done massage will help to completely get rid of this unpleasant problem. Of course, for this, it must be carried out for a long time.
Secondly, doctors recommend that such a massage be given to those nursing mothers who want to increase the amount of breast milk. In this case, the breast is massaged after breastfeeding for three to four minutes each.
Thirdly, massage with breastfeeding improves blood circulation in the chest, it works strengthens on the tissues of the mammary glands. If special oils are used during the process, the skin of the breast becomes more smooth and elastic, the probability of stretch marks is reduced. For a modern woman, this is of great importance.
So, we describe the main stages of the massage with breastfeeding.
1. Strongly pressing on the chest, move your fingers lightly circular movements on top of the chest to its bottom. Massage is done spirally around the chest, heading towards the nipple.
2. Then, with gentle movements, stroke the breast from above to the nipple. Thus, the entire breast is stroked.
3. Manipulate the nipple by holding it between two or three fingers. Nipples are pulled, pressed on them, teasing in different directions.
4. They lean forward and gently shake their breasts, helping the milk to descend lower.
After a massage with breastfeeding, take a shower. In this case, each breast is massaged for 5 to 8 minutes with a strong head of water. Water should be hot enough, but bearable for the body. After the massage, it is very important not to catch your chest. It is advisable to wear natural linen and a warm dressing gown.