After the child turns year, his menu undergoes global changes. This is due to the fact that the volume of the stomach increases, digestion improves, and the number of teeth in the mouth of the baby continues to increase, and a small person is already able to chew relatively solid food. The older the child becomes, the more his food gradually becomes like the diet of an adult. But with some limitations.
How often should the baby be fed?
The child's diet after the year remains the same as before - five times a day. It is especially important to adhere to this rule if the baby has a bad appetite and slowly gaining weight. If the child is healthy and refuses the last meal, then nothing terrible in this. The diet should be continued not only in frequency, but also in time, that is, you always need to eat at the same hour. Then the baby will develop a conditioned food reflex, and the eaten food will be better absorbed.
How can I feed children older than a year?
The main principles of nutrition for
The daily volume of food required for normal growth of a child increases as it grows up. So at 1.5 years it is 1200 grams, from 1,5 to 2 years - 1300 grams, and in three years - 1500 years.
The basis of the child's nutrition over the year is milk and dairy products. The daily norm is 300-600 g. Nutritionists recommend every day to give the baby 200 g of kefir, as the substances contained in it, have a beneficial effect on the nervous and digestive systems, and also improve appetite. It will also be useful and home-made cottage cheese, though not more than 70-90 g at a time.
The baby can already offer low-fat and raw cheese in grated form, as a seasoning for pasta or a sandwich. The weekly norm of cheese for a child over the year is 21 g.
It is recommended to give eggs only in cooked form. And up to 1.5 years, nutritionists are allowed to eat only a hard-boiled yolk, for example, with porridge or vegetable puree. And by the end of the second year of life a boiled egg can be offered to a child not more than three times a week.
Every day the baby should eat meat. It can be lean meat of a bird, a pig, a cow or a calf. It is better to offer the baby meat dishes in the morning, as they are digested for a long time. Meat can be given as simply cooked, and cook from minced steamed meatballs, meatballs, soufflé.
The liver is very useful for a little man, as it is rich in easily digestible and high-quality proteins, substances that stimulate digestion and hematopoiesis, vitamins and mineral salts.
Several times a week it is necessary to give the child a fish, a weekly rate of about 175 grams, but divide it better by 3-4 admission. It is better to serve boiled or stewed fish without small bones, fish fillets. You can also cook cutlets and meatballs from fish.
Vegetable oil( no more than 6 g per day) is necessary to improve digestion and assimilation of fat-soluble vitamins. It should be added in raw form to salads and vegetable purees. A fats of animal origin baby can get along with butter( 17 grams per day) or sour cream( 10 grams per day).
Kashi is one of the most satisfying dishes, as there is a lot of starch in them. Children older than a year should eat porridge once every two days, because they contain phytic acid, which reduces the absorption of calcium by the body.
Vegetables( 200 g) and fruits( 130 g) should be present daily in the diet of the child, as they are rich in vitamins, minerals and fiber, which stimulates the digestive tract.
Sample child menu after the year
For moms who themselves can not figure out the intricacies of making menus for children over the year, we will present an approximate ration for a day, designed for five-time feeding.
Breakfast: milk porridge from any kind of cereal( 150 g), a piece of bread with butter( 30 g + 3 g), milk or sweet tea with milk( 100 ml).
Lunch: vegetable or meat soup( 100 g), cutlet or boiled meat( 40 g), garnish of cereals, pasta or vegetables( 50 g), fruit juice or compote( 100 ml).
Snack: cottage cheese( 30 g), milk or kefir( 150 g), biscuit or bun( 10 g), fruit( 50 g).
Dinner: porridge or vegetable puree( 150 g), tea with milk( 50 ml).
Second supper: baby yoghurt, milk, kefir( 150 ml).
The older the baby becomes, the more will be the volume of his portion, and the more diverse it is possible to make his menu.