Children of preschool age are already beginning to understand food, show their taste preferences. It is at this age that it is necessary to monitor the nutrition of the child and to accustom him to healthy food. It is important that the diet be rational, diverse and contain all the substances necessary for the development of the child's body.
For the normal development of preschool children, the toddler menu should contain a variety of products containing all the main groups of useful nutrients:
- mineral salts and microelements.
Proteins are found in meat, fish, milk and dairy products, eggs, as well as bread, cereals, legumes and vegetables. A sufficient number of proteins in the baby's diet provides normal growth and development, the body's resistance to infections and other unfavorable external factors. For a good assimilation of proteins by cells and tissues, the correct ratio of the amount of carbohydrates and fats shou
Fats are found in butter and vegetable oil, cream, milk, dairy products( sour cream, cottage cheese, cheese), as well as in meat, fish, etc. But do not forget,that the use of foods with an excessively high content of fat for children is undesirable.
Carbohydrates are especially rich in sugar, sweet, fruit, confectionery. A smaller amount of carbohydrates is found in vegetables, bread, cereals, milk sugar. Carbohydrates are very important, as children at this age are particularly mobile and physically active.
Mineral salts and microelements is a building material for growing organs, tissues and cells. Ensure their intake into the body is especially important in the period of active growth and development of the child.
Regimen and ration
Preschool children need to eat at least 4 times a day and observe a strict diet. At least 3 times you need a hot dish. For breakfast should account for 25% of daily calories, for lunch - 40%, for lunch - 15%, for dinner - 20%.
Baby food should include the main groups of products:
- meat( lean beef or veal, chicken or turkey is best suited);
- fish( recommended to give the child cod, pollock, hake, pike perch and other low-fat varieties);
- milk and dairy products;
- fruits, vegetables, fruit and vegetable juices;
- bread, pasta, cereals( you need to give buckwheat and oatmeal cereals);
- vegetable and animal fats( vegetable oil is a wonderful seasoning for salads).
To make the diet varied and include the necessary groups of products, the menu should be made up a few days in advance, preferably a week. It should be borne in mind that milk and dairy products should be an invariable daily item of the diet. The first and second dishes should not be repeated more than 2-3 days later.
Also do not forget that the child's digestive system is still in need of easily digestible products. It is not recommended to feed a toddler with heavy fatty and fried foods. Nevertheless, the dish should look nice and appetizing. You can use bright children's dishes or put food in the form of a sun or a flower.
Basic principles of
To properly organize the preschooler's nutrition process, the main thing to remember is that:
- The kid must receive the necessary amount of food for normal motor, emotional and other activities.
- A child needs all types of products.
- The food should be varied.
- For the health of the baby, the observance of the technology of food processing, cooking, sanitary requirements for the room where the food is prepared, the terms and conditions for storing products, etc. plays an important role. If the child refuses to eat, this is not an excuse to lead him todoctor or force to eat by force. We need to carefully follow the baby and try to find out the reason. Perhaps he does not fit the schedule, do not like food or simply compassionate parents overfeed the child.
It is not recommended to breastfeed a baby in the early morning, immediately after waking up. It is better to give the child some time to play and work up an appetite or if there is no such opportunity to give a sandwich, a roll with milk or an apple. But do not force to eat a plate of porridge. It can only harm the child.
But if the kid for a long time refuses to eat, does not express the desire to eat even your favorite dish, looks sluggish, it can be a sign of a disease of the digestive tract. In this case, again, it should be, do not force the child to eat, but as soon as possible to seek help from a doctor.
In preschool-age children, especially those who attend kindergarten, like, there is in the team. So they take part in social activities. It can help parents, because even not very beloved, but useful products baby will gladly eat for the company together with friends or favorite teddy bear.
So, a child of preschool age will eat more willingly, if everyone else eat with him the same thing. There is no need to prepare a special food for the child, because he can get used to and Mom will have to cook two different dinners.
To better understand the taste of the baby, and also considering that at this age children are eager to do everything themselves, you can offer the child to choose what he would like for dinner. So he will eat more willingly, realizing that he himself participated in the choice.
At the preschool age, you need to teach the child the basics of etiquette. To say "thank you", "please", "pleasant appetite".And also to teach you how to help in the kitchen: lay out plates or remove them from the table. Usually, kids do it with pleasure.
Adherence to the principles of rational nutrition, regimen, as well as a friendly quiet atmosphere during the feeding process, will help the baby grow up healthy and vigorous. And parents should rejoice at the achievements and successes of their child, and not worried about problems with the digestive system.