Glaive infestations( helminthiases) are one of the most common diseases, especially in children. According to medical statistics, about 80% of children attending school and kindergartens suffer from these parasites. In most cases, parasitic infestations occur asymptomatically. In this worms affect almost all organs and systems, sometimes leading to very severe conditions. Consider how to determine if the child has worms, and what are the methods of getting rid of them.
How to identify worms in a child at home?
Infection with worm infants may occur if the rules of personal hygiene are not respected, from pets, when eaten poorly thermally processed food or in utero from the mother.
How can I determine if the child has worms? Specialists note that signs of helminthiosis are present only in the third part of all infected. Worms can be indicated by the following symptoms:
- anal itching, which is especially worse at night;
- weight loss;
- scratching teeth during sleep( bruxism);
- night salivation, in which one can detect wet spots on the pillow in the morning;
- early caries;
- frequent pain in the area around the navel;
- nausea in the morning;
- disorders of appetite;
- frequent constipation or "sheep feces";
- pallor of the skin and bruises under the eyes;
- skin rashes in the area of the forearms and hips that do not pass for a long time.
Doctors say that if a child has five or more of the above symptoms, you can assume that he has a helminthic invasion.
Some parents, in order to find out if the child has worms, carry out a cleansing enema for him, then they examine the feces. In the presence of helminthiosis in the stool of the baby you can see small white worms, stool stones or mucous long strands of white or pink.
But to establish an accurate diagnosis, you need to see a doctor.
Laboratory methods for the determination of helminths
Indirect indication of the presence of parasites in the body can be a general blood test( increased level of eosinophils, decreased hemoglobin level) and analysis for dysbiosis( oppression of the natural colibacillus).
How to identify worms in a child with high accuracy? For this, the doctor directs the baby to study the feces for the eggs of the worms and scraping from the anus to enterobiosis. The analysis will be informative only if it is conducted during the breeding season of parasites. Therefore, it is recommended to take it three times at intervals of several days.
In some cases, a specialist can prescribe a blood test for antibodies to helminths. This study identifies such parasites as toxocares, echinococcus, trichinella and opisthorchia. To carry out the analysis, venous blood is used, in which, 14 days after infection, special antibodies to helminths can be detected. This method of diagnosis is the most informative, it allows you to detect parasites that are present in a minimal amount. However, due to the slow accumulation of antibodies in the blood, sometimes you have to take it several times.
Than worm infestation is dangerous?
Worm products of the worms constantly poison the child's body. You can observe the slowing of the physical and mental development of the baby in the case of a long-term illness.
The presence of parasites contributes to a decrease in immunity, which leads to frequent catarrhal diseases, difficulties with convalescence. In patients with children, the production of antibodies is reduced after vaccination.
Glaive invasion leads to problems of the intestine, in particular, to dysbiosis. In addition, allergists claim that more than 50% of cases of allergic reactions in children are associated with transferred or present helminthiasis.
The child has worms: what to do?
Since there are many types of helminth parasites, it is important that the doctor correctly selects the anthelminthic drug. It is necessary to know that all these medications are very toxic, therefore, in no case should one engage in self-medication. Also, it is strictly forbidden to exceed the dosage and the course of treatment indicated by the doctor or in the instructions to the medication. Although it is not recommended to give the child a smaller dose, since in this case the treatment may not have the desired effect. In severe helminthic invasion, the doctor can prescribe a complex course for the baby, in which 2-3 antihelminthic drugs are used.
In any case, if the child has worms, what to do in each case will be told by the attending physician. The most commonly prescribed drugs for children are: Pirantel( after six months of life), Mebendazole( after two years), Albendazole( after two years), Levamisol( after three years).
Sometimes 1-2 days after taking anthelmintic drugs, it is necessary to conduct a course of therapy with enterosorbents, for example, activated charcoal, Polyphepanom or Polysorb. Often, the doctor prescribes the child antihistamines - Erius, Loratadin, Claricens, Zirtek, Zodak or Tsetrin.
Many parents are interested in how to withdraw worms from a child using folk methods. Traditional medicine offers many ways to combat helminths. However, they are more effective for a small infection with parasites or for the prevention.
So, how to get the worms out of the child by domestic methods? Here are some recipes:
- Milk enema. You need to boil the milk, then add a finely chopped clove of garlic. Milk cool to room temperature and filter. Do the child an enema in the usual way. Quite often it is possible to get rid of worms with the help of one procedure. Repeat in a month.
- In a glass of milk, grate the grated carrots( three tablespoons).Such gruel is given to the child 3-4 times a day on a tablespoon.
- Mix in equal amounts of celandine and elecampane. Spoon the mixture of the dining room with boiling water( 200 ml) and insist 30-35 minutes. Then filter, add 50 g of honey or sugar and give the child three times a day on a tablespoon, washing down with tea.