Diarrhea in a child at 1, 2, 3, 4 years: causes and treatment

Diarrhea in a child under 1 year and older is a health and life-threatening condition, as it leads to rapid dehydration of a small organism. And the younger the baby, the faster his body loses fluid, and the overall health deteriorates. Therefore, if the parents of the child have noticed a quickened loose stool in it, they should immediately call the pediatrician. Although most diarrhea is treated at home, self-medication is not worth it. Since incorrectly selected treatment can lead to hospitalization of a small man.

How to understand that a child has 2 years of diarrhea?

All parents know that the smaller the child, the more often he defecates and the softer his feces. In this connection, the question arises as to how Mum and Dad understand that a child has diarrhea in 2 years. First of all, let's define what diarrhea is.

Diarrhea( diarrhea) - the state of the body, in which there is a rapid defecation with an abundant release of fluid. Physiologically, the cause of diarrhea is too intense inte

stinal peristalsis, which provokes the secretion of a large amount of inflammatory secretions by the intestinal wall. Usually diarrhea is accompanied by colic in the abdomen and swelling.

So what to consider diarrhea in a child in 2 years, given that the age norms of the frequency of bowel movements are rather conditional? Answering this question it is necessary to focus not only on how often the child goes to the pot "on a large scale", but also on the consistency of stool and on the overall condition of the baby. If the child is somewhat more likely than usual to visit the toilet, but at the same time feels fine, does not complain about anything, is cheerful and active, then parents have nothing to worry about.

What can cause diarrhea in a baby?

The most common causes of diarrhea in a child in 4 years and younger are infections. Most often, small patients are diagnosed with salmonellosis, food poisoning, dysentery, amoebiasis and rotaviruses. Moreover, in recent years, more and more children are falling ill with rotavirus infection, as it is transmitted through "dirty hands" and common objects in preschool and school general educational institutions, and small researchers often pull their fingers in their mouths.

There are also alimentary diarrheas that are caused by a disturbance or cardinal change in diet, an allergic reaction to medications or products. Often this type of diarrhea occurs after a prolonged intake of antibacterial agents.

There is also a neurogenic diarrhea, the cause of which is a strong stress.

Treatment of diarrhea in a child under 1 year and older

Diarrhea in a child 2 years old The main danger of diarrhea in a child under 1 year and older is the rapid dehydration of a small organism that can not only disrupt the internal organs, but also lead to death within a few days if the lossthe fluid will exceed 10% of the total body weight. Therefore, regardless of what causes diarrhea, treatment of this condition must begin with ensuring that sufficient fluids enter the body. And do not postpone this event before the visit of a doctor, you need to disband the child immediately.

There and then there is a question, and what it is possible to give to drink at a diarrhoea at the child till 1 year and is more senior? It is best to use special products sold in dry form in a pharmacy, for example, "Regidron".The contents of the sachet are diluted in liter of boiled water, and then during the day after each bowel movement the baby is given a solution. If for some reason you can not buy "Regidron", then you can create a solution at home with a similar effect. To do this, add 1 teaspoon to a liter of boiled water.salt and 4-6 tsp.sugar, and stir well. Ready-made solutions must be drunk during the day, you can not leave them for the next day. Every day you need to prepare a new solution.

In case of diarrhea in a child under 3 years old and under, you should never drink sweet soda water, tea, fruit juices, chicken broth, boiled milk, rice decoction. Since these drinks do not contain the necessary amount of salts, and after use increase dehydration.

The decision on the need for the baby to take such medications as antibacterial and antidiarrhoeic drugs, enterosorbents and prebiotics should be decided by the pediatrician after the examination of a small patient.

Baby diet with diarrhea according to age

When diarrhea in a child at 4 years old and in a baby up to a year, diet regimes are somewhat different. Let us consider how to feed a baby who has not yet turned a year old. So, offer the baby a breast or a mixture on the "first squeak".In addition to breast milk and the mixture, it is necessary to give the baby a solution of "Regidron" in a volume of 60-120 ml after each defecation, depending on the age. You can drink a small child with a solution with either a teaspoon or with a 5 or 10 ml syringe without a needle. If the baby has drunk the necessary amount of solution, but makes it clear that he wants more, then pour it as much as he wants. If a child under 1 year of diarrhea, and he refuses to eat and drink for more than 3-4 hours, then you need to call an ambulance.

In cases of diarrhea in a child of 3 years and older it is recommended in the early days to feed it with breadcrumbs, apple puree, rice, bananas. Then the diet can be expanded and include low-fat meat, boiled vegetables, flour and dairy products. Especially useful is natural yoghurt with lacto- and bifidobacteria.

You also need to remember to follow the drinking regimen. The baby can be given to drink as usual boiled water, and the already mentioned "Regidron".The volume of solution that the child must drink depends on the weight of the child, and is calculated by the following formula: 10 ml per kilogram of body weight. When diarrhea in a child in 3 years to drink a solution he must throughout the day, allowed to drink more than the recommended volume, but not less.

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