Cough is a protective reflex mechanism of the human body to cleanse the respiratory tract from irritants. Irritant substances can be viruses, bacteria, allergens, dust, smoke, toxins and foreign bodies. Wet cough specialists are called productive, because thanks to it, the mucus from the bronchi goes out. Thus, the body itself is cleansed of phlegm. Many parents are worried by the question, what are the causes of coughing and how to cure a wet cough in a child?
Causes of a damp cough in a child
The mucous membrane of the human airways is lined with special glandular cells that secrete mucus. Depending on the structure, mucus can be serous, purulent and bloody. If the inflammatory process develops in the respiratory system, the amount of mucus produced increases several fold. At the same time, it acts as an irritant, causing a cough in the form of a response from the body.
In infants, wet cough is often caused by insufficient development of the muscles of the stomach and esophagus. Sometimes it i
The main causes of the appearance of a damp cough in a child are the following conditions and diseases:
- infectious diseases that occur in the upper respiratory tract( acute respiratory infections, acute respiratory infections, tracheitis, laryngitis, obstructive bronchitis);
- pneumonia( pneumonia);
- allergy and bronchial asthma;
- inflammation of the nasal passages, which are accompanied by abundant mucus secretion;
- tuberculosis, lung abscess;
- congenital pathologies, such as cystic fibrosis( hereditary systemic disease), Kartagener's syndrome( a rare hereditary disease).
In most cases, a sudden increase in temperature and a wet cough in the child indicate the development of SARS or ARI.Although it may be symptoms of other diseases, such as bronchitis or pneumonia. These same diseases can cause a very strong moist cough in the child.
The presumable cause of coughing can also be determined by the nature of the sputum secreted:
- inflammation in the airways - watery consistency;
- tracheitis, bronchitis - abundant sputum;
- bronchial asthma is a vitreous viscous consistency;
- pneumonia - phlegm with rust color;
- tuberculosis, heart failure - bloody sputum;
- abscess of the lung, bronchiectasis - purulent sputum, which has a fetid odor.
It is not necessary to be frightened, if in a sputum one-time veins of a blood appear. Such a consistency of excretions is often the case with a strong moist cough in the child. This is due to the fact that intense coughing can help to tear small blood vessels, which leads to a slight discharge of blood.
It is important to consult a doctor when a damp cough occurs in the baby. Only an experienced specialist after performing diagnostic measures can make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the necessary treatment.
Than to treat to the child a damp cough?
Therapy for wet cough in a child is aimed at facilitating sputum discharge. Sputum in children is more viscous, which makes it difficult to go. At the same time, if the mucus is in the bronchi for a long time, it becomes an excellent medium for the development of pathogenic bacteria. Therefore, it is so important to start treating a wet cough in a timely manner.
If the child with a wet cough body temperature is significantly increased( above 38 ° C), he is given an antipyretic agent, the best drug is based on paracetamol.
To treat wet cough, mucolytic and expectorant drugs are used. Also, a doctor can prescribe a combination medicine.
Mucolytic drugs contribute to the formation of mucus. They are necessary in the case when the mucus is present, but its quantity is not enough for easy withdrawal. These drugs include Lazolvan, Ambroxol, Mukolvan.
Expectorants have the ability to dilute mucus, after which it is more easily excreted from the bronchi. Expectorant medications are Pectusin, Bronchocin, Glyceram, Solutan, Tussin, Mucobene, Bromhexine.
In no case should it be used with a damp cough in a child, antitussive drugs that suppress the cough reflex. Such drugs aggravate the course of the disease, as a result of their intake of phlegm settles in the bronchi.
A good effect with a wet cough gives massage and rubbing of the chest and back. This method of therapy is especially relevant for infants and allergic children. The physical effect on this area leads to a better sputum discharge from the bronchi.
To many children in the fight against wet cough help applications with mustard plasters. They are applied to the areas of the chest and upper back, between the shoulder blades.
Traditional methods of treatment of wet cough in children
Simultaneously with medicinal agents in the therapy of wet cough, the child successfully uses recipes of traditional medicine. But parents should know that before using these or other methods it is necessary to consult a doctor, since some substances can cause allergic reactions and other side effects in the baby.
An excellent remedy for wet cough is the egg mixture. For its preparation in a glass of warm milk, add 1-2 teaspoons of honey and butter, a well-beaten egg yolk and soda on the tip of a teaspoon. Such a therapeutic drug is given to the child before bed, day and night.
Well dissolved liquor broth of the viburnum. To make it, take two tablespoons of table grapes of Kalina and rub them into gruel. Then put in a small enamel saucepan, pour boiling water( 200 ml) and insist on a water bath for 15 minutes. The broth is filtered, bring its volume with boiled water to 200 ml, add a spoon of honey. Give the child a decoction of viburnum for 15-20 minutes before eating 50 ml each.