Health of teeth is inextricably linked with the health of the entire human body. Therefore, it is very important to monitor the condition of the teeth in a child, so as not to miss the onset of the development of any pathology. Teeth in modern children are prone to many diseases and defects. Quite often, even the baby's teeth require treatment. And often the first sign of a dental disease is a change in their color, the appearance of plaque.
Many parents face the problem of black teeth in young children. In some children, teeth become black with time, while in others they can be eroded already blackened. Consider what is the cause of black teeth in children, and how to deal with this pathology.
Caries - the main cause of black infant teeth in children
Caries is a pathology in which hard tooth tissues are damaged. This disease often leads to the appearance of black teeth in children in 2 years and even younger.
Why does caries develop on baby teeth? Here are the main causes of this disease:
- Tooth enamel of baby teeth is very thin and sensitive. Therefore, it is more susceptible to various damaging factors than the tooth enamel of permanent teeth.
- In children up to three years of age, the saliva does not yet have the bactericidal properties that are characteristic of the saliva of an adult. As a result, pathogenic microorganisms develop intensively in the child's oral cavity, which lead to caries.
- At an early age, children are still struggling with oral hygiene.
The main provoking factor, which leads to the development of caries, and, therefore, to the appearance of black teeth in children in 2 years or even earlier, is a messy feeding, especially at night. No wonder dentists use the term "bottle caries".Frequent presence in the mouth of a bottle with food, especially sweet, leads to active reproduction of microorganisms in the oral cavity. In addition, at night, less saliva is produced, which contributes to a deterioration in the cleansing of the oral cavity. Thus, pathogenic bacteria multiply extensively and release the products of their vital activity that are harmful to the teeth.
It is especially dangerous for the teeth and health of the entire baby's body to have sweet food. Increased sugar content in food significantly increases the risk of caries.
In addition, some parents do not comply with the rules of personal hygiene. They can afford to lick a baby's dummy, his spoon. In this way, infection of the baby with microbes from the oral cavity of adults occurs. It also increases the risk of tooth decay and the appearance of black teeth in children.
Some parents mistakenly believe that baby teeth do not require treatment, as they will eventually fall out. But you need to understand that carious milk tooth, as a rule, leads to the appearance of a patient with a permanent tooth. In addition, caries in the mouth is a constant source of infection, which provokes the development of many chronic diseases, such as tonsillitis, pharyngitis, and sinusitis. Another consequence of tooth decay may be the early removal of the milk tooth. In the future, this often contributes to improper eruption of permanent teeth and the formation of uneven dentition. In turn, this leads to a violation of the bite in the child.
Caries in small children is usually treated with low-traumatic methods - silvering of the affected tooth, by fluoridation. But these methods can only be used at an early stage in the development of pathology. Therefore, it is very important to contact the dentist in a timely manner so as not to miss the onset of caries development.
Black infant teeth - a symptom of the
Prestle Nonspecific bacterial plaque Priestley is a common cause of black teeth in children.
Plaque Priestley is a black pigment, the result of vital activity of specific pigment-forming bacteria that develop in the mouth of the child. As a rule, black plaque occurs on the infant's teeth in children. It gradually disappears with time and it is extremely rare for permanent teeth.
Pigment-forming bacteria can be passed on to a baby from adults or other children. In adults this type of bacteria refers to a normal microflora. Specialists do not yet know the exact cause of such active multiplication of these microorganisms in the oral cavity in children. Some doctors point out that this is due to the low bactericidal effect of the saliva of young children. As a rule, the appearance of black teeth in children as a result of Priestley's plaque is explained by a violation of the intestinal microflora. Therefore, usually these children are sent to a consultation with the gastroenterologist.
Doctors believe that Priestley's black plaque is not dangerous, since it does not lead to the development of diseases. Rather, it is an aesthetic problem. It is impossible to get rid of such a raid at home. In dental clinics, special procedures are carried out to remove plaque. After that, the doctor covers the teeth with a special substance that prevents re-blackening of the teeth. But 100% guarantee that the raid will not appear again, no one can give.
Other causes of black teeth in the child
In addition to the main reasons listed above, there are fewer but still common causes of black teeth in young children.
Sometimes the milk chisel is cut already blackened. This can be associated with a congenital defect in tooth enamel, usually by thinning it or completely absent on separate parts of the tooth. In this case, black teeth in children grow as a result of the following provoking factors:
- some infectious diseases of the mother during pregnancy;
- unbalanced diet of a future mother( excess fluoride and iron and calcium deficiency);
- taking certain medications during a woman's pregnancy.
Sometimes black teeth in children are due to taking medications containing iron. In this case, they have a brown, blue or purple hue. If the medication stops, the dark color of the teeth will eventually disappear on its own.