After the appearance in the family of a baby, the state of his health becomes one of the priority issues for parents. Therefore, they monitor the color, consistency and smell of stool in the child. Changing the main stool indicators is often one of the symptoms of many diseases. At the same time, it is not necessary to panic if any changes are found. Sometimes they are completely physiological and explainable. Consider the main causes of changes in the state of stool in a baby, and how to collect feces from a child for analysis.
Liquid feces in a child
Infants feed on mother's milk or infant formula. In addition, the intestinal microflora in this period of life is not yet fully formed. All this leads to the fact that most often in children up to the first year the stool has a liquid consistency. Normally it is believed that if the baby eats exclusively breast milk, his feces for consistency should resemble sour cream. Children who are mixed or formula-fed have a stool in appearance more resembling
However, sometimes parents encounter a sharp appearance of liquid feces in a child. The causes of this phenomenon can be the following conditions and diseases:
- Teething. Especially often diarrhea is accompanied by the eruption of the first tooth or canines. The process of teething is indicated by signs such as a child's anxiety, increased salivation, swollen gums at the site of the tooth, the child's desire to pull everything into his mouth.
- Errors in child nutrition. Diarrhea can occur when overfeeding a crumb, improper feeding, or if the mother of the baby has dramatically changed her diet.
- Viral or bacterial intestinal infection, food poisoning or parasitic infection. In this case, in addition to the liquid, frequent stool, there is an unpleasant smell of feces in the child, nausea, vomiting and fever, deterioration of the general condition.
- Lactase insufficiency, intestinal dysbiosis. If a child suffers from these diseases, he has abdominal bloating and weight loss against a background of persistent diarrhea.
Hard stool in a child
Most often, a hard feces in a child is caused by malnutrition. To such consequences leads the excess of meat, flour, sweet, salty and spicy food.
The lack of vegetable food and sour milk products in the ration of a nursing mother can lead to the formation of solid bowel movements in the infant. Sometimes problems with a chair in a child begin after transferring it to a new infant formula. In such a situation it is better to consult a pediatrician and pick up another mixture.
In some cases, hard feces in a child may indicate the development of diseases and certain conditions:
- structural disorders of the intestine;
- enzymatic deficiency;
- excessive use of medications such as Imodium, Bifidumbacterin, Smecta;
- stomach ulcer;
- diabetes mellitus;
- transferred stress( severe fright, failures in kindergarten or school, strict punishment of parents).
Mucus in the feces of a child
Mucus in the stool is found in almost all children. It is a light, watery or jelly-like discharge that is present in the feces. With the help of mucus, the child's intestines protect themselves from acids and alkalis. Usually it is completely invisible, as it merges with the calves.
If mucus in the feces of a child is not common, in a small amount and lasts a short time - there is no reason to worry. But in case the appearance of mucus in feces is accompanied by bloody inclusions, an unpleasant odor, the feces become liquid, the child behaves restlessly, it is necessary to immediately contact a doctor.
The cause of the appearance of mucus in the baby's stool may be an allergic reaction of the body to certain foods, for example milk, vegetables or bananas. It is necessary immediately to exclude from the menu the product that caused suspicion, and to look at the reaction of the body.
In addition, mucus in the stool can occur if the child is not fed enough, especially if the "new" product is too large for him.
Cal in a child may have mucus and with dysbiosis. In this case, he will suffer from abdominal pain, may refuse food.
Often this condition is observed with lactase deficiency in children. As a rule, it is temporary, and only in some cases requires a special diet and treatment.
Small children have mucus in the feces with a cold or bronchitis. This is due to the imperfection of their digestive system, which at an early age can not process mucus from the nasal passages or bronchi. And thus, it enters the rectum.
How correctly to collect from children feces for analyzes?
First of all, it should be noted that it is impossible to collect feces after a rectal candle or enema for research.
If a child already walks on a pot, collecting his stool is not difficult. The main thing before the baby descends on the pot, the pot itself should be washed thoroughly with the help of baby soap. In no case should you use cleaning products. Feces are conveniently collected in a special container designed for this, which has a comfortable spoon attached to the lid.
But how to collect feces from a child who does not go to the pot? The easiest way in this case is to collect feces from a diaper, a diaper from a diaper is especially suitable for this. If the chair is liquid, you can use a medical oilcloth, from which then pour stool into the container.
To obtain reliable results of the analysis, it is important to observe the time that must elapse from the moment of sampling of the material to putting it into the laboratory. The doctor who directs the child for analysis should inform him.