At the age of 4 years the child actively uses teeth - chews, bites. That is, milk teeth are constantly in an aggressive environment, are subject to abrasion and other mechanical influences.
How many teeth do children have in 4 years?
Baby teeth require attention and care. The fact is that their enamel is permeable and much thinner than that of permanent ones. The pulp of the milk tooth occupies most of the tooth volume. The first teeth for this reason are more prone to tooth decay, while carious cavities reach the pulp much faster. In an adult human before pulpitis( the onset of inflammation of the pulp) caries develops several years. To bring to the pulpitis baby teeth enough six months. The situation is aggravated if the child has a metabolic disorder or if he does not receive adequate nutrition. Here, caring for baby teeth comes to the fore.
How many teeth do children have in 4 years? Almost all children have 20 milk teeth by the 4-th year - this is a complete set. Milk teeth can only be 16,
Why does the child's teeth hurt at 4 years old?
At this age the child can not yet determine exactly what is hurting him.
Actually, the throat or ear can hurt. First, you should make sure that it's the teeth that hurt. Toothache occurs, as a rule, during a meal, suddenly, when it gets hot, cold or sweet on a sick tooth. If a child has toothaches while eating, the cause is most likely caries. With the development of caries, the enamel and hard tissues of the tooth( dentin) are damaged. In children up to four years, these tissues are still very soft, since the process of mineralization and formation of teeth is not yet complete. The spontaneous and non-passing toothache can be caused by pulpitis, that is, the destruction of the soft tissues of the tooth.
The child has toothache, what to do?
Need to know that all of the following tools help to get rid of the pain temporarily. It is necessary to contact the dentist as soon as possible. Otherwise, the pain will remind you of yourself again at the most inopportune moment.
- "Ibufen".This drug is useful to have in a nursery first aid kit, it perfectly copes with pain and fever. If the child's teeth are aching in 4 years, paracetamol can be given according to the age-related dosage.
- Rinse with soda. A warm rinse will soothe the toothache. It is necessary to dissolve a teaspoon of soda in a glass of boiled, warm water and rinse the baby with the mouth at intervals of 15 minutes.
- Rinse with herbs. For rinsing, you can use infusion of mint, sage or St. John's wort. The infusion should be warm. When rinsing it is recommended to detain the solution from the side of the aching tooth.
- Folk remedies can be used to treat teeth in children in 4 years. Between the gum and cheek, on the side of the aching tooth, put a piece of fat, a clove of garlic. You should not put anything in the "hollow" yourself. This can be harmful. A piece of propolis, for example, can cause an allergic reaction.
Even a complete sweating of the baby can not guarantee the absence of problems with the teeth. However, the sweet in the diet of the child still need to be reduced to a minimum. Also it is necessary to limit the use of too cold or too hot products. The fact is that they can provoke the formation in the tooth enamel of microcracks, which in turn can develop into caries.
In the diet should be enough minerals and vitamins, fruits and vegetables: they strengthen the gum tissue and clean the teeth.
It is important to teach a child to a toothbrush when the first teeth appear. To instill the child's love for daily hygiene can be in the form of a game, using various children's models.
Even if your child does not care about anything, do not forget to visit the dentist regularly for preventive purposes. Such visits will help to identify caries at the very beginning of the disease. At an early stage, solving problems with teeth is much easier.
Observing basic preventive measures, you will relieve yourself of unnecessary worries, and your child will not have a toothache.
Teeth treatment in children in 4 years
Nature arranged so that first the baby is cut through dairy, temporary teeth. Their root eventually dissolves, and the tooth begins to stagger and subsequently falls out. At this place grows a radical, permanent tooth. The process of changing teeth ends in adolescence, by 12-13 years.
Permanent and milk teeth differ from each other, that's why they have different treatment methods. The main difference is the use of materials for sealing.
Despite the fact that the milk teeth are temporary, keeping them is extremely important. Milk teeth reserve a place for permanent teeth, help to chew food.
Teeth treatment in children allows to preserve the functionality of the tooth and its aesthetic appearance. At present, fluoridation techniques are widely used as a means of successfully combating caries.
As a prophylactic method in pediatric dentistry, a mechanical cleaning of the teeth is used with the treatment of solutions that prevent the development of caries.
Caries from Latin is treated as "rotting".A child aged 1.5 to 4 years is particularly susceptible to the disease, because the growing body needs phosphorus, calcium and proteins, which are often not enough for the proper development of teeth. The danger is that the child's caries develops faster than the adult.
The development of caries is divided into several stages. It starts with a yellowish color on the enamel, then the infected area becomes soft. Parents of these stages of the disease is difficult to notice by eye. Only a dentist can qualify caries and take immediate measures. If time is lost, then it is necessary to treat a deep caries.
A modern method of treatment - hygienic cleaning and the use of preventive toothpastes. These measures can prevent the caries treatment at the initial stage, and make visits to the dentist preventive rather than curative.