The appearance of the first teeth in a child is a stage in its development, which parents are looking forward to. It means that the baby's body is gradually preparing for the transition to "adult" food. However, this process is often accompanied by many unpleasant symptoms. Therefore, parents want to know in advance what they should expect. Consider when the teeth appear in children, what difficulties they can expect during this period, and how in such a situation they can be helped.
When do teeth appear in children?
There are established norms for the timing of the appearance of teeth in children. But you need to understand that they are very approximate. So, pediatricians claim that the first tooth in a baby should appear in 4-7 months from birth. But in some children, it can erupt in three months, and in others - at eight or even later. Small deviations from the deadlines are absolutely safe. Another thing is if a year-old child does not have a single tooth. In this case, you need to see a docto
When the teeth appear in children, depends on a variety of reasons, in the first place, on the genetic predisposition. In most cases, if a mother has a late tooth cut, she should not expect that the baby will have them early.
In addition, at the time of the appearance of the first tooth affects the general condition of the body crumbs. If the child is often sick, his immunity is weakened, it is possible that the teeth will begin to erupt a little later.
Another reason for the delay in the growth of teeth may be a deficiency of certain vitamins and trace elements. As a rule, this process is affected by a lack of calcium, fluoride, vitamins A, D, group B.
If the timing of teething can be significantly different, the order of the appearance of teeth in children is almost the same. Of course, there are cases when the teeth of a baby erupt not quite according to the adopted scheme, but it does not happen so often.
Consider the approximate timing and order of the appearance of teeth in children:
- 4-7 months - anterior lower incisors;
- 7-9 months - front upper incisors;
- 10-12 months - lower and upper lateral incisors;
- 1-1,5 years - upper first molars( premolars);
- 1,5-2 years - lower first molars( premolars);
- 2-2,5 - lower and upper canines;
- 2,5-3 years - the second lower and upper molars( premolars).
Some children can erupt simultaneously two teeth and even more. There is nothing abnormal in this, so parents should not worry if this happens.
Signs of the appearance of teeth in a child
Sometimes parents notice the appearance of the first tooth absolutely by accident. But in many cases, the appearance of teeth in children is accompanied by various unpleasant symptoms.
Usually, a few weeks before the beginning of the process of teething, the child has increased salivation. The gums of the baby in the place where the tooth appears are swollen, reddening, inflamed. He suffers from uncomfortable sensations, itching, pain. Therefore, he is capricious, becomes irritable, often cries. He can lose his appetite, sleep. The child pulls everything in his mouth to scratch the gums. In this situation, parents can help him. First, you can buy in the pharmacy droplets or gel for gums, which are used for teething. Such drugs have an analgesic and cooling effect. From time to time, you need to lubricate them with the baby's gums, making it easier. Secondly, it is possible to offer the child a special toy-teaser, with the help of which he can "scratch" the gums on his own.
Another frequent sign of the appearance of teeth in a child is an increase in body temperature. This increase in temperature is due to the fact that the inflammation develops in the gum. In addition, the denticle, which "climbs", provokes more production of biologically active substances, which also contributes to the appearance of heat. As a rule, at this time, the body temperature in children rises to 37.5-37.7 ° C.Although it is not uncommon for a thermometer to show a mark above 38.5-39 ° C.Usually the raised body temperature keeps 2-5 days. A higher temperature happens when the baby has two teeth at the same time. If the child feels well, doctors do not advise to bring down the temperature to 38ºС.But in case the baby has convulsions or his skin becomes pale, the feet and palms are cold, immediate measures should be taken to reduce the temperature. In addition, there are a number of diseases in which the temperature is brought down to the level of 38 ° C( pathology of the cardiovascular, nervous systems).It is necessary to lower the temperature, reached 37,7ºС, to the child, whose age did not reach three months. As an antipyretic, small children are recommended to give medicines based on paracetamol( Nurofen, Efferalgan).For small children, convenient forms of medicines are syrup and rectal suppositories.
Often the symptom of the appearance of teeth in children is diarrhea( diarrhea).Doctors explain this by the fact that at this age the digestive system of the child is still imperfect. Increased salivation triggers the ingestion of a large amount of saliva into the gastrointestinal tract, with processing of which it can not cope. Another factor that provokes diarrhea is the nervous tension of the baby with a constant pain in the gums. All this causes the development of diarrhea. During teething, the frequency of diarrhea is 2-3 times a day. The chair has a watery consistency, without traces of blood, mucus. As a rule, after 2-3 days diarrhea passes by itself. Parents should at this time monitor the drinking regime of the baby, giving him a sufficient amount of liquid.
Also, when teeth appear in children, they may have a runny nose or cough. Usually a watery rhinitis does not last more than 3-5 days and passes by itself. Cough with teething can only be moist. Dry cough indicates the development of a disease.
Parents should remember that all the above signs can not only accompany teething in children, but also indicate the onset of many diseases.