Food allergy in children is a disease characterized by increased sensitivity to food.
Allergens are substances that provoke allergic reactions. Proteins in food are the culprits of food allergies. Food allergens can change their qualities during heat treatment. Only in some cases the allergenicity decreases, while in others, on the contrary, it increases.
The action of the allergen provokes a whole series of allergic reactions. In the body, immunoglobulins E are synthesized, allergic symptoms are manifested. The reaction of the body can be immediately after eating the product, and can manifest itself after a while.
Allergy in a child can be complicated by nonspecific symptoms. Food allergy in children( especially toddlers) can also be accompanied by vomiting, regurgitation, bloating, colic, stool disorder, an allergic rhinitis. The reason is that in children with allergies the gastrointestinal tract also suffers.
The most dangerous sign of allergy is Quincke's edema. With it, the skin and muc
Symptoms of food allergy in children
With food allergies in children, symptoms are redness, rash. On the cheeks the skin of the child can be peeled off. It is noticed that the food allergy in children is very often inherited. In addition, if the baby is breastfed, the products that his mother uses affect the baby. The disease can be caused by artificial mixtures, mixed nutrition, the intake of antibiotics. Infectious diseases can also leave their mark.
It is believed that if mother during pregnancy abused high-allergenic products, smoked, the probability of allergy in the child is great.
What should I do?
First of all you need to consult a pediatrician.
If there is a food allergy in infants, the mother should try to keep breastfeeding only for up to 6 months, not to give the child additional food. Mom is simply obliged to monitor their food, do not eat allergenic foods. It is necessary to follow the chair of the baby, avoid constipation. While the child is small, try to exclude contact with pets. Often the allergy develops on cosmetic means, synthetic clothes. When choosing clothes, give preference to natural, and when choosing detergents - hypoallergenic goods, preferably Russian-made. Do not use perfume, and the baby get hypoallergenic children's cosmetics. All that the child comes into contact with should minimize the risk of allergies.
Treatment of food allergies in children
For food allergies in children, treatment should be done in a comprehensive way!
All pediatricians advise to keep breastfeeding as long as possible. Diet will help to avoid contact with allergens. If there is no aggressive contact, then the baby's immune system will function in normal mode. Avoid all foods that can contain food allergens. If the food allergy in infants, you need to adhere to a strict diet not only to the baby, but to the mother. Be aware that even minimal amounts of allergens with breast milk will enter the baby's body. A strict diet for children on artificial feeding is a transition to a hypoallergenic mixture.
For older children choose a diet, advise diet, duration of diet therapy can only a doctor!
The immune system needs to recover, form a stable protection against allergens.
What do doctors prescribe for allergies?
- Absorbent preparations reception. Medicine Enterosgel helps the body to remove toxins, harmful substances.
- Treatment of dysbacteriosis. The intestines need to be populated with useful bacteria, since a dysbacteriosis can develop on the background of an allergy. Doctors advise capsules Lineks, Bifidumbacterin.
- Fenistil drops are suitable for allergies.
The food allergies in children are dependent on the severity of the child's condition, on the specific symptoms. The choice of medications and the duration of their use is determined by the doctor.
What if the child has an allergy?
If the allergy is manifested in the form of a rash, after applying a new remedy( for example, a baby cream or shampoo), then it is enough to not use this remedy any more.
If you suspect that a baby has a food allergy, then start with a survey. First of all, the doctor will examine, take an interest in the diet, track the relationship between the intake of certain foods and allergies. It is necessary to carry out analyzes to determine food allergens.
consultation of the pediatrist, the children's allergist, the dietician will help you.
In the blood test for allergy, the level of total immunoglobulin E is high. The number of eosinophils in the blood test can also be increased.
Ultrasound of the abdominal cavity is performed in the presence of symptoms from the stomach and intestines, in order to exclude non-allergic nature.
If after taking medications from allergies and excluding presumed allergic products from the baby's diet there is a positive effect, then there is indirect evidence of a diagnosis of allergy.
In the case of food allergies in infants, blood is taken from the vein to determine the cause-relevant allergens and specific immunoglobulin E is detected. Older and adult children are given a skin test method. For this, the doctor uses a standard set of reference allergens.
Parents can not rely only on tests. Detect allergy mum can by observing the nutrition of the child and the effect of products on the state of the body and skin. Almost any product can cause an allergic reaction, so it is difficult to make a hypoallergenic diet. To exclude it is necessary products on which at your kid the allergy has already been noticed, and also the products, most often causing an allergy. Such products include: cow's milk, eggs, chocolate, citrus fruits and vegetables, red and orange, fish and seafood. They should not be in the diet of a child prone to allergies before 1-2 years. Add new foods carefully to the diet. With food allergies in children, you need to keep a diary of nutrition. Fix all kinds of allergic reactions to new foods.
It is necessary to exclude eggs, mushrooms, coffee, cocoa, spicy and salty dishes, spices, canned foods, fruit of red and orange color, mayonnaise, sauce. Categorically prohibited products containing preservatives, dyes, sugar substitutes, smoked products, carbonated drinks. It is recommended to limit confectionery products, sugar, whole milk. You can use sour-milk products, cereals, vegetables and fruits of green and white color.
Simple tips in dealing with allergies
- It is recommended to heat food products. Allergic to them after that decreases, as proteins are partially destroyed.
- Canned foods are forbidden to small children, because they contain vinegar and salt.
- Food should be balanced, full, varied. Should be observed the regime of the day, diet.
The question is urgent, will the child stop manifesting allergies when he grows up? With age, the immune system of the body is improved, the work of the intestine, the liver. So, I want to calm my parents. At the majority of children with transition to an adult life the food allergy recedes.