The development of speech in preschool children is the key to successful study

Timely development of speech and the formation of a sufficient vocabulary - one of the most important stages in preparing a child for schooling. Children with a small vocabulary lag behind their peers in training, as it is difficult for them to select the right words for expressing thoughts. It has long been noticed by teachers that children with a rich vocabulary learn to read faster, easily solve mathematical examples and problems, more actively participate in oral work in the classroom.

The first words of

The development of the speech of the baby begins with his birth. He hears parents and others talking, remembers the sounds they say, and then tries to repeat them. Up to six months the child pronounces separate syllables, for example, "agu", "ha-a", "bu", "ly", "ayy", he develops and trains his speech apparatus. But from 6 months and older he can already consciously pronounce simple words by syllables, for example, "ma-ma", "ta-ta", "ba-ba".Naturally, not all the first words pronounced by the c

hild will sound right, so instead of "machine", the baby can say "bi-bi", and instead of "chicken" "co-ko."This is normal, the main thing is that the child understands what he is talking about and can already express his thought or desire with simple words and sounds. It is noticed that at the initial stage of speech development some babies are more fond of saying words denoting objects( nouns), while others prefer words expressing interaction with other people( verbs), for example, "give", "want", "go away".

The role of parents in developing the speech of the child

As the child grows up, the child increases the vocabulary and trains the speech apparatus. His speech will gradually become more like an adult. But for this, parents should pay enough attention to their child, talk a lot with him.

Young children often point their finger at different objects and say "Y?".In no case should not scold the baby for it, so the child shows his parents the desire to learn more about the subject of interest. Tell the child that he was interested, he understands all of your words, even if he can not yet pronounce them. Thus, his passive vocabulary is formed. Over time, all the words that are in the baby's passive vocabulary will pass into the active one, that is, he will pronounce them. Only from parents depends on how rich the passive and, accordingly, active vocabulary of the child will be. Do not hesitate to talk to your child aloud at home and on the street, your description of what is happening around and commenting on one's or his actions will help the child to better know the surrounding world and memorize words describing objects and actions. For example, when pouring warm milk into a glass with a child, say "Mom pours milk," "milk is warm and white."For better memorization of the words, the baby try to make them reinforced with a physical contact, for example, when pronouncing the word "tree", let the child touch the bark with the handle of the bell, saying "bell", let it ring with a real bell. Psychologists have found that children remember words that signify actions much better when parents comment on when the child himself performs these movements interacting with surrounding objects, for example, if the kid is holding a book in his hands, then tell him "open the book", "leaf through the book", "Close the book."

Games for children that promote the development of speech

Games for children It has long been noted that the development of thinking and logic of the baby, improving the fine motor skills of his hands, increasing his knowledge of the world and himself, daily conversations and reading books contribute to the improvement of his speech skills.

The various nursery rhymes and jokes that our grandmothers told us help children remember new words better, and even encourage kids to do what they need, but do not want to. For example, when you wash a child who does not like this procedure, you can tell him:

Vodicka, water, wash my face,

To make the cheeks blush so that the eyes glitter,

To laugh the canker and eat the tooth.

This rhyme will help the child not only learn parts of the face, but also instill the skill of daily washing. All of us from our childhood remember the nursery rhyme about the "Magpie-crow", but very few people know that it does not end with the little finger left without cereal, there is a continuation:

I went myself to look for:

Here the water is cold( touch the child's wrist)

It's warm( touch the elbow),

It's hot( touch the shoulder),

And here - boiling water, boiling water, tickling!(tickle the baby under the armpit).

The meaning of this poteshka in the development of vocabulary and fine motor skills of the hands, it also helps the child to feel a physical contact with the parent, and get an idea of ​​the parts of the body.

For children from the age of two to three years there are more complex games aimed at developing logic, thinking and attention. Let us cite them further.

Talk on the phone ( 2-3 years).Talking with someone from relatives by phone, the kid does not see the interlocutor, therefore it is necessary to express the thought only with the help of oral speech. Initially, the conversation may look like this: the grandmother asks the question, and the child monosyllable answers "yes" or "no."Then gradually the questions need to be complicated, so that the kid gives detailed answers to the questions.

Answers to questions( 2-4 years).Ask the child questions, but not in the form of an examination to determine whether he knows the color or shape, but as a conversation, discussing how his day passed in the kindergarten, how he was walking with whom he was walking, whether he liked it or not, why. If a child finds it difficult to coherently talk about something, help him with leading questions. To interest the kid in this game, you can pick up his favorite toy, and talk with the child on her behalf.

Psychologists emphasize the parents' attention to the fact that mental development in children is closely related to the development of their speech. The child learns to think, learning to speak, but at the same time he improves his speech skills, learning to think.

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