The mass of fears and anxieties causes in young parents the physical development of the baby in the first year of life. Moms are usually worried if the weight gain of the newborn deviates from the norm by months. The formal approach to the norms is fundamentally wrong, as each child develops individually. To delay the growth of body weight can infection, dysbiosis, digestive problems.
In the first week after birth, the baby loses up to 5% of the weight. These days, there is a physiological loss, adaptation of the basic metabolic processes in the child's body. That is, this is a natural phenomenon and should not be given special significance to it.
In the first year of life, the baby grows most intensely, almost tripling its weight.
For 1 month, the weight gain of a newborn should be between 400 and 600 grams. For the second month, the rate of increase is almost kilogram. The increase in weight and well-being of the child is affected by the amount of milk from the mother. In the case of shortage,
The weight gain for the first three months of the child is already 2,200 grams, and the weight is approaching 5,800 g for boys and 5,500 g for girls. The surplus of body weight in children, as a rule, disappears when the child begins to actively creep, walk and move.
After six months, the weight gain rate is from 300 to 400 grams per month, that is, the physical development of the child is not so rapid. The standards of control weighing in six months for boys from 7.5 kg to 11 kg, for girls from 7 to 11 kg.
From 9 months to one year, weight gain is 350-500 g per month. In a year, boys should weigh 9.5-13.5 kg, and girls from 9 to 13 kg.
Signs of adequate normal nutrition - a general condition of the baby, harmonious development, resistance to infections, good appetite. If the baby's blood tests are normal, the skin is firm and healthy, then there is no need to panic because of the deviation from tabulated norms. However, if a child often worries, greedily applies to the nipple, constantly screams, loses weight, one of the main reasons may be lack of nutrition.
If the baby has a lack of food, then as a first meal is allowed to give porridge. Excess weight gain is fraught with the manifestation of diathesis and an increase in fat folds. In this case, it is recommended to use vegetable and fruit purees for the first complementary meal, and leave the porridge for the second lure.
How is the weight gain in a child determined?
In the first six months of a child's life, the main food is breast milk or artificial milk formula. If the baby is gaining weight normally, feels well, the amount of urination and his stool is normal, then the baby is likely to get enough nutrition. Weight should be controlled, weighed on the scales at home or in the clinic.
The norms of weight gain of a newborn by months were developed in the last century and still work.
For the basis of counting, you need to take the minimum weight of the baby, with which he was discharged home from the hospital. This weight is necessarily written in the child's medical record. It differs from the weight at birth on the physiological loss of the first days of life.
We do not need to weigh crumbs every day, this information is not so objective. The dynamics of growth can be traced, weighing once a week for the first three months. And from the fourth month to weigh the child enough once a month.
There is a myth that if you weigh a child before and after feeding, you can find out the volume of sucked milk. This is a delusion, because it is important not how much the child has drunk, but how much the body has learned. In addition, the baby drinks a different amount of milk each time. Weighing once a week on the same scales, you can make more accurate conclusions. It is better to weigh a child without clothes.
What if the norms of the weight of the newborn are broken by the month?
First you need to find out whether the baby is feeding correctly. How many times do you apply to the baby's breast( the baby according to medical norms should suck his breast 8 to 12 times a day).How long does the baby suckle? Is the application being applied correctly to the breast? Is the process of sucking effective? If your child falls behind in weight gain for these reasons, then this illness can be overcome by yourself. Consultation with a specialist will help a young mother to initiate breastfeeding.
Quite informative test for wet diapers. The number of urination should be normal 12 times a day.
The pediatrician will, if necessary, recommend additional feeding with a breast formula or expressed milk.
Is the excess of the weight of a newborn baby dangerous by months? If the baby is on artificial feeding, then weight gain is more predictable.
But if the child is gaining too fast and a lot, then this can be a signal to certain diseases: kidney, cardiovascular and endocrine systems.
In the table, the weight of the newborn by months reflects the average fluctuations in the indices.
For the reference point, the weight at birth is 3100-3400.
- 1 month. The weight of the baby should be 3700-4100g. Monthly weight gain - 600 g.
- 2 months. Weight 4500-4900.Addition - 800 g.
- 3 month. Weight 5200-5600.Addition - 800 g.
- 4 month. Weight 5900-6300.The addition is 750 g.
- is 5 months. Weight 6500-6800.The addition is 700 g
- for 6 months. Weight 7100-7400.Addition-650 g.
- 7 month. Weight 7600-8100.The addition is 600 g
- for 8 months. Weight 8100-8500.Addition is 550 g.
- 9 month. Weight 8600-9000.Addition- 500 g.
- 10 month. Weight 9100-9500.Addition - 450 g.
- 11 month. Weight is 9500-10000.Addition- 400 g.
- 12 months. Weight 10,000-10,800.Addition- 350 g.
Dear parents, presented in the table, the weight of a newborn by months is approximate. The table is given for comparison, and if your baby's weight deviates significantly from the one indicated in the table, you should not worry. This is just an excuse to contact your pediatrician. Not always deviations from the norms are cause for concern. All the kids are different, some eat often and a lot, others move a lot, others sleep. At the same time, they are both strong and absolutely healthy.